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Why Do Informal Workers Organize?

Calla Hummel

in Why Informal Workers Organize: Contentious Politics, Enforcement, and the State

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192847812
eISBN:
9780191943195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192847812.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

Chapter 1 introduces the puzzle of organized street vendors with the stories of two street vendors: Rosa, the founding leader of a champagne ladies’ union in La Paz, and Renato, who works as an ... More


State Intervention in Collective Action

Calla Hummel

in Why Informal Workers Organize: Contentious Politics, Enforcement, and the State

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192847812
eISBN:
9780191943195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192847812.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

Chapter 2 develops a theory of state intervention in collective action. It argues that as unorganized people create negative externalities, officials increasingly have an incentive to encourage ... More


Informal Work in Numbers

Calla Hummel

in Why Informal Workers Organize: Contentious Politics, Enforcement, and the State

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192847812
eISBN:
9780191943195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192847812.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 introduces survey data from around the world and establishes broad trends in informal work and civil society participation. Descriptive statistics show that informal workers organize in ... More


Informal opportunities and social divisions

David M. Smith

in On the margins of inclusion: Changing labour markets and social exclusion in London

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346018
eISBN:
9781447302872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346018.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter investigates the magnitude of paid informal work and estimates of its scale, which have remained relatively constant since the early 1980s, ranging from 6 percent to 8 percent of GDP, ... More


Introduction: Work Beyond the Wage

William Monteith, Dora-Olivia Vicol, and Philippa Williams

in Beyond the Wage: Ordinary Work in Diverse Economies

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529208931
eISBN:
9781529208962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529208931.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This chapter argues that we need to rethink ‘work’ from the perspective of the global majority for whom wage employment has never been the norm. It outlines three dominant ways of conceptualising ... More


The Council: from Law-making to Policy Coordination

Uwe Puetter

in The European Council and the Council: New intergovernmentalism and institutional change

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198716242
eISBN:
9780191784903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716242.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The most senior Council configurations—the Economic and Financial Affairs Council and the Foreign Affairs Council—as well as the Eurogroup, are charged with policy coordination rather than with ... More


“Earning Money as the Wheels Turn Around”: Cycle-rickshaw Drivers and Wageless Work in Dhaka

Annemiek Prins

in Beyond the Wage: Ordinary Work in Diverse Economies

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529208931
eISBN:
9781529208962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529208931.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This chapter focuses on the working lives of cycle-rickshaw drivers in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It highlights the significance of unwaged rickshaw labour in enabling rural-urban migrants to navigate ... More


Conclusion

Calla Hummel

in Why Informal Workers Organize: Contentious Politics, Enforcement, and the State

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192847812
eISBN:
9780191943195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192847812.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

Chapter 7 discusses the broader implications of the argument for the world’s two billion informal workers. The chapter advances the theoretical claim that when individuals break the law, they can ... More


All in a Day’s Work

Manata Hashemi

in Coming of Age in Iran: Poverty and the Struggle for Dignity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479876334
eISBN:
9781479806867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876334.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter examines the moral norms surrounding hard work and self-sufficiency. It discusses how work, particularly in the informal economy, is a means for some face-savers to become incrementally ... More


Introduction

Shelley Marshall

in Living Wage: Regulatory Solutions to Informal and Precarious Work in Global Supply Chains

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198830351
eISBN:
9780191868610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830351.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This introductory chapter begins by telling the story of Elena, a Bulgarian women who found herself without employment following the privatization of the garment factory she had worked in her whole ... More


Dust and Dignity: Domestic Employment in Contemporary Ecuador

Erynn Masi de Casanova

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739453
eISBN:
9781501739477
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739453.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

What makes domestic work a bad job, even after efforts to formalize and improve working conditions? This book examines three reasons for persistent exploitation. First, the tasks of social ... More


Like Any Other Job?

Erynn Masi de Casanova

in Dust and Dignity: Domestic Employment in Contemporary Ecuador

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739453
eISBN:
9781501739477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739453.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter explores some of the challenges that organizers of domestic workers in Ecuador face. Its discussion of domestic worker organizing touches on the three major themes of this book: social ... More


Managing Contentious Collective Action

Calla Hummel

in Why Informal Workers Organize: Contentious Politics, Enforcement, and the State

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192847812
eISBN:
9780191943195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192847812.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

Chapter 5 develops an ethnography of street vendors, their organizations, and the city officials who they interact with in the city of La Paz, Bolivia. The chapter is based on 14 months of ... More


How to Make Money while Running from the Cops

Calla Hummel

in Why Informal Workers Organize: Contentious Politics, Enforcement, and the State

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192847812
eISBN:
9780191943195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192847812.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

Chapter 6 develops the theory in a comparative context, by adding case studies of organized and unorganized street vendors and the city governments that they interact with in El Alto, Bolivia and two ... More


“I Voted Bolsonaro for President”: Street Vending and the Crisis of Labour Representation in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Mara Nogueira

in Beyond the Wage: Ordinary Work in Diverse Economies

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529208931
eISBN:
9781529208962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529208931.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

Around the world, political parties founded on trade unionism are struggling to mobilise voters while far-right populism is on the rise. In Brazil, the 2018 election that brought Bolsonaro to power ... More


Street Markets in La Paz and São Paulo

Calla Hummel

in Why Informal Workers Organize: Contentious Politics, Enforcement, and the State

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192847812
eISBN:
9780191943195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192847812.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

Chapter 4 tells the history and structure of street vending in two municipalities in the La Paz department of Bolivia and two districts in the São Paulo state in of Brazil. This chapter demonstrates ... More


Conclusion

Erynn Masi de Casanova

in Dust and Dignity: Domestic Employment in Contemporary Ecuador

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739453
eISBN:
9781501739477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739453.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This concluding chapter argues that the book's analysis confirms previous research on Latin American domestic workers' experiences published mostly in Spanish and Portuguese, while generating new ... More


Epilogue

Erynn Masi de Casanova

in Dust and Dignity: Domestic Employment in Contemporary Ecuador

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739453
eISBN:
9781501739477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739453.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This epilogue looks at several new factors affecting domestic employment in Ecuador today which may change the landscape for workers, employers, and activists. First is the new government. If before, ... More


In Search of the Ideal Worker

Erynn Masi de Casanova

in Dust and Dignity: Domestic Employment in Contemporary Ecuador

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739453
eISBN:
9781501739477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739453.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter discusses the image of the ideal domestic worker, looking at the point of view of potential employers and domestic employment agencies acting as intermediaries. The ideal worker and the ... More


A Long-Term Vision: Scaling up Experiments and Overcoming Orchestration Deficits to Reduce Informality

Shelley Marshall

in Living Wage: Regulatory Solutions to Informal and Precarious Work in Global Supply Chains

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198830351
eISBN:
9780191868610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830351.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter canvasses a long-term vision for improving the lives of poor and precarious workers who work in informal conditions. It proposes a bold, transnational initiative that aims to promote a ... More


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