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Reason

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214617
eISBN:
9780191706493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214617.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the problems that centre round reason, rationality, and intelligence are complex and elude easy, in some cases, any resolution. It examines the different approaches that have ... More


Deliberative‐Analytic Policy Inquiry: Postempiricist Practices

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Moving beyond the traditional conceptions of value-neutrality and context independence that have dominated the epistemology of the policy sciences, this chapter offers a social constructivist ... More


A Common Logic?

Geoffrey Lloyd

in Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199270163
eISBN:
9780191602276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270163.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Different systems of formal logic have been developed by philosophers since Aristotle. But the key difference within ancient societies and between them and modern ones lies not in any supposed ... More


The Limitations of the Open Mind

Jeremy Fantl

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198807957
eISBN:
9780191845741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807957.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Political Philosophy

When should you engage with difficult arguments against your cherished controversial beliefs? The primary conclusion of this book is that your obligations to engage with counterarguments are more ... More


The Obligation to Engage

Jeremy Fantl

in The Limitations of the Open Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198807957
eISBN:
9780191845741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807957.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores three arguments that you have at least a pro tanto obligation to engage even with those positions you find obviously false. First, as some informal logicians argue, an ... More


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