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The Impact of International Trade on Manufacturing Employment in India

S.N. Rajesh Raj and Kunal Sen

in Growth, Development, and Diversity: India's Record since Liberalization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077992
eISBN:
9780199081608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077992.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the impact of India’s external trade on employment in the post-liberalization era. It arrives at the conclusion that although India’s exports have increased, they have not had ... More


‘Lopsided’, ‘Failed’, or ‘Tortuous’: India’s Problematic Transition and its Implications for Labour

Stuart Corbridge, John Harriss, and Craig Jeffrey

in China–India: Pathways of Economic and Social Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265673
eISBN:
9780191771903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265673.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The structural transformation of the Indian economy is incomplete. While the share of agriculture in GDP has declined sharply, its share of the labour force has not. The agricultural economy is still ... More


Informal Labor: The Struggle for Legal Recognition

Rohini Hensman

in Workers, Unions, and Global Capitalism: Lessons from India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231148009
eISBN:
9780231519564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231148009.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter takes up informal employment, the definitions and debates surrounding it, and the conditions of informal workers—arguing that informal labor constitutes the single biggest problem facing ... More


Informal Sector Industry in India: An Overview

Jesim Pais

in Economics: Volume 1: Indian Industrialization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199458936
eISBN:
9780199086887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458936.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The informal sector industry in India is large and important both in terms of employment it provides and industrial output it generates. According to recent estimates for India, the informal sector ... More


Determinants of Earnings in Informal Self-Employment: The Case of Ghana

James Heintz and Pickbourn Lynda

in Securing Livelihoods: Informal Economy Practices and Institutions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199687015
eISBN:
9780191766916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687015.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Most studies of the determinants of earnings from informal self-employment emphasize differences in individual or enterprise productivity as the primary sources of differences in earnings among ... More


Introduction

Erynn Masi de Casanova

in Dust and Dignity: Domestic Employment in Contemporary Ecuador

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739453
eISBN:
9781501739477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739453.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This introductory chapter provides an overview of domestic work. The International Labor Organization (ILO) defines domestic work to include housework; caring for children, ill, disabled, or elderly ... More


The Informalization of the Chinese Labor Market

Albert Park and Fang Cai

in From Iron Rice Bowl to Informalization: Markets, Workers, and the State in a Changing China

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450242
eISBN:
9780801462931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450242.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines multiple sources of evidence to quantify and characterize the extent of informal employment in urban China. It then discusses its potential policy implications. The increase in ... More


Introduction and Argument

Mary E. Gallagher, Ching Kwan Lee, and Sarosh Kuruvilla

in From Iron Rice Bowl to Informalization: Markets, Workers, and the State in a Changing China

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450242
eISBN:
9780801462931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450242.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter describes the transformation of the Chinese employment structure following thirty years of economic reform (1978–2008). Notable among these changes is the dramatic growth in informal ... More


Permanent Temporariness in the Chinese Construction Industry

Sarah Swider

in From Iron Rice Bowl to Informalization: Markets, Workers, and the State in a Changing China

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450242
eISBN:
9780801462931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450242.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines the Chinese construction industry. It details how market forces and changes in industry configurations have led to a significant growth in informal employment. Moreover, there ... More


Change in European care arrangements

Birgit Geissler and Birgit Pfau-Effinger

in Care and social integration in European societies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346049
eISBN:
9781447301592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter describes on a conceptual/theoretical level what it means to analyse change in informal care work, as well as, in a comprehensive conceptual framework, processes of the formalisation of ... More


Does Formal Work Pay? The Role of Labor Taxation and Social Benefit Design in the New Member States*

Johannes Koettl and Michael Weber

in Social Insurance, Informality, and Labor Markets: How to Protect Workers While Creating Good Jobs

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199685233
eISBN:
9780191765414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685233.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The analysis presented in this chapter defines three different synthetic measurements of disincentives for formal work: two standard measurements, namely the tax wedge and the marginal effective tax ... More


The Structure and Evolution of Employment in Jordan

Ragui Assaad

in The Jordanian Labor Market in the New Millennium

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198702054
eISBN:
9780191771781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702054.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines changes in the structure and evolution of employment in Jordan over the past quarter-century. Using the detailed retrospective questions in the JLMPS, this chapter reconstructs ... More


Finding and Maintaining Employment

David J. Harding, Jeffrey D. Morenoff, and Jessica J. B. Wyse

in On the Outside: Prisoner Reentry and Reintegration

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226607504
eISBN:
9780226607788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226607788.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The formerly incarcerated exhibit very low rates of employment, even many years after their release from prison. Low levels of human capital, distance from jobs, lack of transportation, and the ... More


The Employment Problem in Developing Countries: A Re-examination Four Decades Later

Gary S. Fields

in Poverty Reduction in the Course of African Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198797692
eISBN:
9780191839054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797692.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Erik Thorbecke’s work has had a major impact on thinking about developing countries’ employment problems. This chapter reassesses important ideas from his work: the definition of employment and ... More


The Effects of the Colombian Trade Liberalization on Urban Poverty

Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg and Nina Pavcnik

in Globalization and Poverty

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226317946
eISBN:
9780226318004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226318004.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of a large reduction in average tariffs in Colombia between 1984 and 1998 on a variety of urban labor market outcomes: the probability of becoming unemployed, minimum ... More


Employment and the Functioning of the Labor Market

Mongi Boughzala

in The Tunisian Labor Market in an Era of Transition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198799863
eISBN:
9780191864698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799863.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The focus of this chapter is on Tunisia’s labor and education institutions and regulations, and their impact on market performance. The chapter examines how the regulations affect the cost of formal ... More


From Iron Rice Bowl to Informalization: Markets, Workers, and the State in a Changing China

Sarosh Kuruvilla, Ching Kwan Lee, and Mary E. Gallagher (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450242
eISBN:
9780801462931
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450242.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

In the thirty years since the opening of China's economy, China's economic growth has been nothing short of phenomenal. At the same time, however, its employment relations system has undergone a ... More


Conclusion

Mary E. Gallagher, Sarosh Kuruvilla, and Ching Kwan Lee

in From Iron Rice Bowl to Informalization: Markets, Workers, and the State in a Changing China

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450242
eISBN:
9780801462931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450242.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This concluding chapter summarizes the preceding discussions and presents some final thoughts. The book has examined the evolving tensions among three forces: the market (exemplified by the ... More


Informality in South Africa

Imraan Valodia

in The Oxford Companion to the Economics of South Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199689248
eISBN:
9780191789731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689248.003.0035
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines informal employment in South Africa. Specifically, it asks why large numbers of the population who have not found employment in the formal sector, have also failed to enter the ... More


Home

Eileen Boris

in Making the Woman Worker: Precarious Labor and the Fight for Global Standards, 1919-2019

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190874629
eISBN:
9780190943707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190874629.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Social History

After looking at prior efforts to address domestic/household work, this chapter situates the making of the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), “Decent Work for Domestic Workers.” Paving the ... More


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