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Introduction

Angela R. McLean, Robert M. May, John Pattison, and Robin A. Weiss

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This introductory chapter discusses the rationale behind this book on how to deal with emerging infections. It considers why such a study is necessary. It details how the topics were chosen and why ... More


The Fire Wanes and Is Rekindled: The Burning Bush Movement, 1913–1931

William Kostlevy

in Holy Jumpers: Evangelicals and Radicals in Progressive Era America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377842
eISBN:
9780199777204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377842.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In 1912, the MCA decided to stop production of the popular Gospel Art Calendar and establish a second community at Bullard, Texas. Never a financial success, the Bullard community would collapse in ... More


SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Angela McLean, Robert May, John Pattison, and Robin Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The sudden appearance and rapid spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 alerted the world to the fact that emerging infections are a global problem. Living in affluent societies ... More


Influenza as a model system for studying the cross-species transfer and evolution of the SARS coronavirus

Robin M. Bush

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The influenza virus is perhaps the most intensely studied of human pathogens. Effective vaccines have been available for over fifty years, yet influenza continues to present a major threat to public ... More


What have we learnt from SARS?

Robin A. Weiss and Angela R. McLean

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

With outbreaks of infectious disease emerging from animal sources, we have learned to expect the unexpected. We were and are expecting a new influenza A pandemic, but no one predicted the emergence ... More


Global Panic, Local Repercussions: Economic and Nutritional Effects of Bird Flu in Vietnam

Stacy Lockerbie and D. Ann Herring

in Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374643
eISBN:
9780199865390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Efforts to eliminate avian influenza are imbued with viral panic and are anchored to the 1918 influenza pandemic, SARS, and bioterrorism. The small number of human HPAI deaths has been given enormous ... More


Risk Communication and Pandemic Influenza

Judith Petts, Heather Draper, Jonathan Ives, and Sarah Damery

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines a risk scenario that could form one of the most significant communication challenges both nationally and globally: an influenza pandemic. A pandemic occurs when a new influenza ... More


Evolutionary origins of diversity in human viruses

Paul M. Sharp, Elizabeth Bailes, and Louise V Wain

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our knowledge of the amount, pattern, and origins of genetic diversity varies enormously among human viruses. The four groups of viruses discussed in detail here (herpes viruses, AIDS viruses, ... More


Emergence of new infectious diseases

Mark Woolhouse and Rustom Antia

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the evolution and ecology of emerging diseases. Human infectious diseases are caused by more than 1400 pathogen species with considerable diversity in lifestyles. Almost all ... More


On the Road with Jack

Bruce Vermazen

in That Moaning Saxophone: The Six Brown Brothers and the Dawning of a Musical Craze

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195372182
eISBN:
9780199864140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372182.003.0011
Subject:
Music, History, American

From June 1918 until May 1920, the Six Brown Brothers spent most of their time in road tours of Jack o' Lantern, but they continued to record for Victor, and during Jack o' Lantern's 1918 and 1919 ... More


The war and influenza: the impact of the First World War on the 1918–19 influenza pandemic in Ulster

Patricia Marsh

in Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict, 1914-45

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719097850
eISBN:
9781526120977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097850.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The closing months of the First World War coincided with one of the most virulent pandemics of the twentieth century. In Ireland, at least 23,000 people died from influenza between 1918 and 1919. ... More


Control of Infectious Diseases: A Twentieth-Century Public Health Achievement

Alexandra M. Levitt, D. Peter Drotman, and Stephen Ostroff

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The marked decline in infectious-disease-associated mortality that took place in the United States during the first half of the 20th century contributed to the sharp drop in infant and child ... More


Ivory Tower of Power

Michael Kinch

in Prescription for Change: The Looming Crisis in Drug Development

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630625
eISBN:
9781469630649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630625.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter relates a brief history of the modern research university. Although centers of academic learning have long existed, the role of these institutions in discovering new ideas was the ... More


Drama on the I-270 Tech Corridor

Michael Kinch

in Prescription for Change: The Looming Crisis in Drug Development

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630625
eISBN:
9781469630649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630625.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter focuses upon one particular geographic region in suburban Washington, DC, which serves as a microcosm for the challenges and opportunities of the larger drug development enterprise. Our ... More


The New Global Framework for Pandemic Influenza Virus- and Vaccine-Sharing

Robert Gatter

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses the 2007 controversy that ensued when Indonesia briefly stopped sharing its flu strains with the World Health Organization (WHO). It then looks at the World Health Assembly's ... More


Reciprocity Reciprocity and Neuroscience in Public Health Law

A.M. Viens

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

There is an underdeveloped potential for using neuroscience as a particular input in the process of law-making. This chapter examines one such instance in the area of public health law. Neuroscience ... More


Respiratory virus infections and performance

A. P. Smith

in Human Factors in Hazardous Situations: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 28 and 29 June 1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521914
eISBN:
9780191688454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521914.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Respiratory virus illnesses are a major health problem in that the acute infections and their consequences account for a substantial proportion of all consultations in general practice. These ... More


Prototype System for Tracking and Forecasting Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza Spread in North America

A. Townsend Peterson

in Emerging Avian Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520272378
eISBN:
9780520952201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520272378.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The recent emergence of a highly pathogenic strain (H5N1) of avian influenza that affects both birds and humans has raised global concern about its spread. Given the rapid spread of the disease and ... More


Epidemics: Hate and Compassion from the Plague of Athens to AIDS

Samuel K. Cohn, Jr.

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198819660
eISBN:
9780191859984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198819660.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, Social History

This book challenges a dominant hypothesis in the study of epidemics. From an interdisciplinary array of scholars, a consensus has emerged: invariably, epidemics in past times provoked class hatred, ... More


Pandemic flus and vaccination policies in Sweden

Britta Lundgren and Martin Holmberg

in The Politics of Vaccination: A Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526110886
eISBN:
9781526124272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526110886.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During 2010 an increasing incidence of narcolepsy in children and adolescents was reported in Sweden and Finland, associated with the pandemic vaccine Pandemrix. Vaccination has since the 1940s been ... More


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