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Inflamed bodies

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first chapter of Part II examines therapeutic practices in the tropics during the early years of the British presence in India and the Caribbean. It begins by examining the legacy of Portuguese ... More


Reaction of the neuronal cell body to axonal damage

GEORG W. KREUTZBERG

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the reaction of neurons to axonal damage. Axonal injury, which can occur following trauma, compression, or inflammation leads to a characteristic retrograde reaction in the ... More


Competition for Metals among Microbes and Their Host

Michael A. Bachman and Jeffrey N. Weiser

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Both microorganisms and their eukaryotic hosts must acquire and compete for metal ions, often from scarce environmental sources, for their metabolism. Since metal ions can also be toxic, their ... More


Impact of Metals on Immune Response and Tolerance, and Modulation of Metal Metabolism during Infection

Günter Weiss

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Several metals play important roles in host cell and microbial metabolism because they form a part of central enzymes that are essential, for example, for DNA synthesis, cellular respiration, and key ... More


The Promise of Nanometals: Reducing Infection and Increasing Biocompatibility

Mian Wang, Wenwen Liu, and Thomas J. Webster

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Conventional metals (e.g., titanium, cobalt-chromium alloys, stainless steel, etc., with micron particulates or micron grain sizes) have a long history of successful use in the body despite the fact ... More


Clinical and laboratory examinations relevant to clinical neuropsychology

Udo Kischka

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.041
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes the methods used by clinicians to gain insight into the structure and the functions of a patient's nervous system. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are ... More


Diabetes and Acute Metabolic Complications, Infections, and Inflammation

Leonard E. Egede and Jeremy B. Soule

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the complications, infections, and inflammation associated with diabetes. These include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, hypoglycemia, influenza and ... More


Sleep, inflammation, and disease

M.A. Miller and F.P. Cappuccio

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Sleep is a fundamental requirement for living individuals. Emerging evidence suggests that disturbances in sleep and sleep disorders play a role in the morbidity of chronic conditions including ... More


Brain Inflammation and the Neuronal Fate: from Neurogenesis to Neurodegeneration

Maria Antonietta Ajmone-Cat, Emanuele Cacci, and Luisa Minghetti

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Inflammation is a self-defensive reaction that may develop into a chronic state and become a causative factor in the pathogenesis of a broad range of disabling diseases. Similar to peripheral ... More


Immunomodulation in the Nervous and Vascular Systems During Inflammation and Autoimmunity: the Role of T Regulatory Cells

Kokona Chatzantoni and Athanasia Mouzaki

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The immune system is characterized by a complex network of cells and organs specialized to extinguish foreign invaders or malfunctioning cells of the organism. Although innate immunity, B-cell ... More


Alzheimer’s Disease—is it Caused by Cerebrovascular Dysfunction?

Christian Humpel

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive chronic disorder characterized by β-amyloid plaques, tau pathology, cell death of cholinergic neurons, and inflammatory responses. The reasons for this ... More


Role of Advanced Glycation End Products, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammation in Diabetic Vascular Complications

Sho-ichi Yamagishi, Takanori Matsui, and Kazuo Nakamura

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Diabetic vascular complication is a leading cause of end-stage renal failure, acquired blindness, a variety of neuropathies, and accelerated atherosclerosis. Recent large prospective clinical studies ... More


Molecular biology of nociceptors

Michael J. Caterina, Michael S. Gold, and Richard A. Meyer

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter begins with a functional classification of primary nociceptive neurons. It then presents current understanding of the molecules that allow nociceptors to detect noxious chemical, ... More


Nociceptor plasticity

S.B. Mcmahon and J.V. Priestley

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons have traditionally been characterized based primarily on their anatomy and physiology, but in recent years neurochemical studies have revealed additional and ... More


Criteria for Biological Interventions for Spinal Cord Injury Repair

Keith Tansey and Byron A Kakulas

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter reviews the pathophysiological status of the spinal cord after injury and establishes criteria for biological intervention. It details the pathological cascade that occurs during the ... More


Anatomy and physiology

Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter is intended to be an aide-memoire for the reader who wishes to be reminded of the normal state of the respiratory system before considering a particular symptom or condition. ... More


Supportive care in cystic fibrosis

Andrew Clayton

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0019
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive disease in Caucasian populations affecting approximately 1 in 2500 live births. It's most striking clinical feature is progressive lung ... More


Anorexia–cachexia

Neil MacDonald

in Palliative Medicine: A case-based manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694143
eISBN:
9780191739255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694143.003.0037
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter contains a case study to present the valuable skills, attitudes, and knowledge needed to diagnose and manage anorexia-cachexia. It addresses several questions such as: What are the ... More


Central Nervous System Regulation of Body Temperature

Shaun F. Morrison and William W. Blessing

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The maintenance of body temperature is an essential behavior in the homeostatic repertoire orchestrated by central neural circuits. Thermoregulatory pathways optimize cellular and organ function at ... More


Gene–environment interaction in coronary artery disease: apolipoprotein E and smoking and the interleukin-6 gene and inflammation as examples

S. E. Humphries

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0032
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses gene-environment interaction in coronary artery disease (CAD). Topics covered include risk factors for CAD, apolipoprotein E and effect on lipid levels and coronary heart ... More


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