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Summary

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a short summary of Ch. 1–5.


Towards a Virtue Epistemological Account of Testimony

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a diagnostic account of the state of play in the epistemology of testimony, and proposes a virtue epistemological non-inferentialist alternative. This account depends on ... More


And Not Antifoundationalism Either

Jason A. Springs

in Toward a Generous Orthodoxy: Prospects for Hans Frei's Postliberal Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395044
eISBN:
9780199866243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395044.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Frei's appeals to the "givenness" of revelation-the claim, for instance, that all doctrines or theological assertions are directly or indirectly grounded in faith, or that faith is rational in that ... More


On the Meaning of “Ought” 1

Matthew Chrisman

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discussions about the meaning of the word “ought” are pulled in two apparently competing directions. First, in ethical theory this word is used in the paradigmatic statement of ethical principles and ... More


From Epistemic Expressivism to Epistemic Inferentialism

Matthew Chrisman

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Recent philosophical debate about the meaning of knowledge claims has largely centred on the question of whether epistemic claims are plausibly thought to be context sensitive. The default assumption ... More


Objectivity

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses Robert Brandom's and John Haugeland's proposals on how to make space for the possibility of objectivity, i.e. for the possibility of community‐wide error and ignorance. It is argued that ... More


Inferentialism —Pro and Contra

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Reviews the debate between Elizabeth Fricker and Tony Coady over the role of inferences in testimony reception. It distinguishes between four areas of disagreement in the debate: phenomenology, ... More


Varieties of Logic

Stewart Shapiro

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199696529
eISBN:
9780191784866
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696529.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book challenges a longstanding view that logic is absolutely general, and topic neutral, by developing several ways in which one can be a pluralist or relativist about logic. One of these is an ... More


Consciousness, agents, and the knowledge game

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter applies the informational analysis of knowledge in order to pursue three goals. The first is to introduce the ‘knowledge game’, a new, simple and yet powerful tool for analysing some ... More


Debating the A Priori

Paul Boghossian and Timothy Williamson

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198851707
eISBN:
9780191886317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The book records a series of philosophical exchanges between its authors, amounting to a debate extended over more than fifteen years. Its subject matter is the nature and scope of reason. A central ... More


Self-Knowledge for Humans

Quassim Cassam

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199657575
eISBN:
9780191793110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657575.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Rationalism about self-knowledge, of the kind elaborated and defended by writers such as Moran and Boyle, is an account of self-knowledge for an ideally rational homo philosophicus rather than for ... More


The Meaning of 'Ought': Beyond Descriptivism and Expressivism in Metaethics

Matthew Chrisman

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199363001
eISBN:
9780199363025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199363001.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The word ‘ought’ is one of the core normative terms, but it is also a modal word. This book develops a careful account of the semantics of ‘ought’ as a modal operator and uses this to motivate a ... More


The Quantum Revolution in Philosophy

Richard Healey

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198714057
eISBN:
9780191782503
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714057.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Quantum theory launched a revolution in twentieth-century physics. But we have yet to appreciate the revolution’s significance for philosophy. Most studies of the conceptual foundations of quantum ... More


Closing Reflections1: Timothy Williamson

Paul Boghossian and Timothy Williamson

in Debating the A Priori

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198851707
eISBN:
9780191886317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851707.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In these brief comments, the author discusses the origins of his interest in the epistemology, why he has always found inferentialist accounts of it implausible, and why the similarities between the ... More


Reply to Boghossian on the A Priori and the Analytic1: Timothy Williamson

Paul Boghossian and Timothy Williamson

in Debating the A Priori

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198851707
eISBN:
9780191886317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851707.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter replies to Boghossian’s defence of the a priori–a posteriori distinction against the arguments for its shallowness in?The Philosophy of Philosophy. In particular, it shows how to ... More


Inferentialism, Logicism, Harmony, and a Counterpoint

Neil Tennant

in Logic, Language, and Mathematics: Themes from the Philosophy of Crispin Wright

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780199278343
eISBN:
9780191881442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199278343.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Inferentialism is explained as an attempt to provide an account of meaning that is more sensitive (than the tradition of truth-conditional theorizing deriving from Tarski and Davidson) to what is ... More


Varieties of Pluralism and Relativism for Logic

Stewart Shapiro

in Varieties of Logic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199696529
eISBN:
9780191784866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696529.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The purpose of this chapter is to develop a number of different ways in which one can be a folk-relativist or pluralist about logic. One is an extended argument that phrases like “validity” and ... More


The Rational Roles of Intuition

Elijah Chudnoff

in Intuitions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609192
eISBN:
9780191758973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609192.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Intuitions often are seen as inputs to theoretical reasoning: e.g. you might form a belief by taking an intuition at face value or take your intuitions as starting points in the method of reflective ... More


Moral Intuitionism, Experiments, and Skeptical Arguments

Mark van Roojen

in Intuitions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609192
eISBN:
9780191758973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609192.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Ethical intuitionism is a species of foundationalism for which the outputs of intuition function as justificational regress-stoppers and also provide an independent basis for choosing between equally ... More


Unrestricted Logical Inferentialism

Jared Warren

in Shadows of Syntax: Revitalizing Logical and Mathematical Conventionalism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190086152
eISBN:
9780190086183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190086152.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter develops and defends an unrestricted inferentialist theory of the meanings of logical constants. Unlike restricted inferentialism, unrestricted inferentialism puts no constraints on ... More


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