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I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Maximilian de Gaynesford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The central claim of this book is that I is a deictic term, like the other singular personal pronouns You and He/She. This is true of the logical character, inferential role, referential function, ... More


Inferential Role

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The inferential role of I is irreducibly deictic. The inferential roles of singular terms are distinguished by appeal to the different mechanisms required to guarantee co-reference in a ... More


Moral Intuitionism Meets Empirical Psychology

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter claims that recent developments in psychology and brain science cast considerable doubt on moral intuitionism. In arguing for this claim, it first develops a set of six principles ... More


Meaning

Paul Horwich

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238249
eISBN:
9780191597725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823824X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The aim of this work is to demystify linguistic meaning—to characterize the underlying nature of this phenomenon in such a way that its familiar attributes become intelligible. To that end, one must ... More


Treatments to Improve Measurement

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter illustrates population-based experiments designed to improve measurement. These are descendants of the early split-ballot approach, also geared toward improving measurement of attitudes ... More


Specialized Inference Engines as Precursors of Creative Imagination?

PASCAL BOYER

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The human imagination is often thought of as creativity and originality. It is often considered in terms of its high-end, creative products such as religion, arts, and literature. However, the human ... More


Introduction

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This book investigates the relationship between the quantitative and qualitative research traditions in the social sciences, with a particular focus on political science and sociology. It argues that ... More


Animal Models of Amnesia: Nonprimates

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies using non-primates, especially rats, have provided further elucidation of the role of the hippocampus itself in relational memory. These studies have shown that damage to the hippocampus does ... More


The Hippocampal Memory System

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter addresses the issue of just which structures should be considered to comprise the “hippocampal memory system”, describes its inputs, explores how the components of the system interact, ... More


Data Management and Analysis

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines issues related to quantitative and qualitative data including data collection, data management, data processing, data preparation and data analysis; as well as data storage and ... More


The conservation biologist's toolbox – principles for the design and analysis of conservation studies

Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook, discuss measures of biodiversity patterns followed by an overview of experimental design and associated statistical paradigms. Conservation ... More


Language

Keith Hossack

in The Metaphysics of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199206728
eISBN:
9780191709777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206728.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Faculty Model treats the acquisition of knowledge by testimony as similar to the acquisition of knowledge by perception. When one becomes aware of a fact κ by immediate visual perception, the ... More


The Self, Speaking

Garry L. Hagberg

in Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces Behaviourism contra Cartesianism, the problems of inferential perception, speaking of a person versus speaking of a body, and first-person avowals. It also details issues ... More


The Uniqueness of Person‐Perception

Garry L. Hagberg

in Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the misleading picture of the inferential perception of persons. It also discusses the connection to the other-minds problem, Goethe on the perception of expressive gestures ... More


Hume on Skepticism Regarding Reason

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is concerned with Hume's sceptical argument against reason and is divided into three parts. The first two deal respectively with the two steps of Hume's sceptical argument. The first of ... More


The Significance of Self‐Expression

Mitchell S. Green

in Self-Expression

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

After a brief overview of the ways in which self-expression is often invoked but little scrutinized in philosophy and related cognitive sciences, this chapter situates the phenomenon within the ... More


Basic and Nonbasic Beliefs in a Reliabilist Epistemology

Jack C. Lyons

in Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373578
eISBN:
9780199871988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The final evaluation of a theory of basicality is best done in the context of a full theory of justification, and since the framework is already in place, deriving a sketch of a wholly general theory ... More


Replications and Their Assessment

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses replication. The crucial role of replication is well established in science generally. The undetected equipment failure, the rare and possibly random human errors of procedure, ... More


The Methodological Argument Against Minimal Word Meanings

Emma Borg

in Pursuing Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the methodological argument against minimal word meanings: namely the claim that any such word meanings are inadequate to carry what is called the ‘internalist’ or ... More


Genocidal Language Games 1

Tirrell Lynne

in Speech and Harm: Controversies Over Free Speech

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199236282
eISBN:
9780191741357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236282.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines the role played by derogatory terms (e.g. ‘inyenzi’ or cockroach, ‘inzoka’ or snake) in laying the social groundwork for the genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda in 1994. The ... More


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