Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 78 items

  • Keywords: infant mortality x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Maternal and Infant Mortality

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0029
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the relationship between maternal and infant mortality. Case histories of major obstetric complications leading directly to the death of both mother and child suggest that the ... More


Safe Mothers, Healthy Babies: Reproductive Health in the Twentieth Century

Milton Kotelchuck

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The decline of infant and maternal mortality represents one of the greatest public health achievements of the 20th century. From 1900 through 2000, infant mortality in the United States declined ... More


Fertility, child mortality and economic development

Alok Bhargava

in Food, Economics, and Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199269143
eISBN:
9780191710117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269143.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews diverse literature to highlight the importance of demographic factors for economic development. Section 5.1 begins by pointing out methodological difficulties in using ... More


Imperialism and Motherhood

Anna Davin

in Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520205406
eISBN:
9780520918085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520205406.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter highlights the importance of motherhood to imperialism. It explains that healthier babies were required not only for the maintenance of empire, but also for production under the changing ... More


Saving Babies and Mothers: Pioneering Efforts to Decrease Infant and Maternal Mortality

Jacqueline H. Wolf

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the efforts of late-19th and early-20th century reformers to lower infant and maternal mortality in the United States. Earlier fatalistic attitudes toward infant and maternal ... More


Paternal Incarceration and Infant Mortality

Sara Wakefield and Christopher Wildeman

in Children of the Prison Boom: Mass Incarceration and the Future of American Inequality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199989225
eISBN:
9780199347612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989225.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Law, Crime and Deviance

Infant mortality—the death of a child before the first birthday—is the most consequential of all of the outcomes considered in the book. Infant mortality and imprisonment in the United States share ... More


Fetal and Infant Mortality and Morbidity

K.S. Joseph

in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195387902
eISBN:
9780199895328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.003.0060
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Fetal and infant death and serious neonatal morbidty are important adverse outcomes in perinatology. The definitions of these terms, the timing of fetal death (e.g., early fetal death and late fetal ... More


Married Women

SHEILAGH OGILVIE

in A Bitter Living: Women, Markets, and Social Capital in Early Modern Germany

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205548
eISBN:
9780191719219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205548.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter analyses the economic experience of married women in the pre-industrial German society under analysis in this book. It uses a database of work observations extracted from church-court ... More


Population Anxieties and Infant Mortality

Juanita De Barros

in Reproducing the British Caribbean: Sex, Gender, and Population Politics after Slavery

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469616056
eISBN:
9781469617930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469616056.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In the years after the end of slavery, declining populations due to high death rates, especially among the very young, sparked deep concerns. Disease causation and infant mortality were blamed on ... More


Introduction to Fetal Health and Mortality

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explains why the health and survival chances of the fetus are so important in developed economies today, since late-fetal is often higher than infant mortality, and it establishes the ... More


Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Robert Woods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This book is a study of fetal health from the 17th century to the present day principally among European and American populations. It is a contribution to both medical and demographic research using ... More


Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (I)

T. Kue Young

in Population Health: Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195158540
eISBN:
9780199864379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents key mathematical concepts of ratio, proportion, and rate and basic epidemiologic measures of incidence and prevalence and their subtypes; describes the structure of populations ... More


Infant Health: Race, Risk, and Residence

James W. Collins, Jr. and Nancy Fisher Schulte

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195138382
eISBN:
9780199865505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The prevalence of disadvantages among individual African Americans does not fully explain their poor birth outcomes, nor is there a biological vulnerability specific to African-Americans. This ... More


Specific Measures Required to Secure the Right to Health

John Tobin

in The Right to Health in International Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199603299
eISBN:
9780191731662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603299.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The formulation of the right to health in international law lists a series of explicit measures that states must pursue in order to secure the full implementation of this right. These measures, which ... More


Mortality, Childcare and Mourning

in Children Remembered: Responses to Untimely Death in the Past

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781846310218
eISBN:
9781781380482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846310218.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on la mort subie: the changing and varying risk of dying at an early age. Specifically, it deals with foetal, infant, and child mortality, that is, the risk of dying between ... More


Fertility, Infant Mortality, and Gender

Alessandro Cigno and Furio Camillo Rosati

in The Economics of Child Labour

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199264452
eISBN:
9780191602511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264457.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Decisions concerning birth control, and expenditure on pre-school children, take into account what will be done with these children if they survive to school age. Depending on whether it crowds-in or ... More


Trouble in Fairyland: Cultures of Childhood in Interwar Asia

David M. Pomfret

in Youth and Empire: Trans-Colonial Childhoods in British and French Asia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804795173
eISBN:
9780804796866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795173.003.0005
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

The Great War compromised British and French power in Asian empire centres and exposed the dangers of structuring justifications of liberal governmentalities around the unstable child subject. ... More


Health Performance: Affluence, Political Economy, and Public Policy as Sources of Real Health

HAROLD L. WILENSKY

in Rich Democracies: Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231764
eISBN:
9780520928336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231764.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the influence of affluence, political economy and public policy on health performance. Although there is much healthy skepticism regarding the effectiveness of the medical ... More


Narrowing the Infant Mortality Gap: Data Tools and Strategies for Improved Birth Outcomes

Shin Margaret Chao, Giannina Donatoni, Angel Hopson, Deborah Davenport, and Cynthia A. Harding

in Public Health Practice: What Works

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199892761
eISBN:
9780199301515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892761.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Infant mortality (IM) is an indicator of community health. When confronted with a rise in the 2002 IM in one Los Angeles County region, the local Department of Public Health used several data tools ... More


Birth Rates and Women's Bodies: Reproductive Labour

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter introduces the concept of ‘reproductive labour’ to describe women's biological contribution to reproduction (omitted from the concept of domestic labour), and the impact of this upon the ... More


View: