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Experience and judgement

Richard Gaskin

in Experience and the World's Own Language: A Critique of John McDowell's Empiricism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287253
eISBN:
9780191603969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287252.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

There are several obstacles in McDowell’s thought to his embracing a conduit conception of experience. The main ones are: the idea that thinkers are free in making observational judgments, the ... More


A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Owen Chadwick

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This history of the ninteenth‐century popes covers the papacies of Gregory XVI, Pius IX, Leo XIII and Pius X in their religious and political aspects. The period was dominated by the question of ... More


Pope John XXII and his Franciscan Cardinal: Bertrand de la Tour and the Apostolic Poverty Controversy

Patrick Nold

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199268757
eISBN:
9780191708510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268757.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The debate over the poverty of Christ and his apostles under Pope John XXII (1316-1334) is one of the most famous intellectual controversies of the Middle Ages. The story of the uncompromising pope ... More


The Need for a Council

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In the 1860s the pope's position in Rome depended on the presence of the French garrison there and, although Napoleon III wished to withdraw, he could not do so unless the Piedmontese promised not to ... More


The Prisoner of the Vatican

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The taking of Rome by the Italian army in 1870 made the pope ’the prisoner of the Vatican’ a situation Pius IX preferred to live with rather than flee, and the new Italian authorities were careful to ... More


Canonical Division Between East and West

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The long, drawn‐out‐division between Eastern and Western Christianity, the Great Schism, arose, in part, because of the addition of the filioque clause to the Nicene Creed. In and around this, the ... More


The Rough Intellectualist Road of a Sound Epistemology

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The later Princeton theologians worked valiantly to develop a theory of inspiration and infallibility that would secure once for all their epistemic vision of scripture. Thus, while Benjamin ... More


More Light Amid the Encircling Gloom

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The creation of Anglo Catholicism represents a fresh way to deal with the epistemological crisis at the heart of Western Christianity. John Henry Newman's journey from Evangelicalism to Roman ... More


A Simple Theory of Introspection

Declan Smithies

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a simple theory of introspection, according to which one has introspective access to the fact that one is in a certain mental state just by virtue of being in that mental state. ... More


Discrimination and Self-Knowledge

Patrick Greenough

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter shows that a variety of Cartesian Conceptions of the mental are unworkable. In particular, the chapter offers a much weaker conception of limited discrimination than the one advanced by ... More


Introspection about Phenomenal Consciousness: Running the Gamut from Infallibility to Impotence

Terry Horgan

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter’s project is to critically scrutinize the idea that because the intrinsic character of phenomenal consciousness is self-presenting, introspection concerning current phenomenal character ... More


Adjudication and Interpretation

Garrett Barden and Tim Murphy

in Law and Justice in Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592685
eISBN:
9780191595653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592685.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Adjudication is the effort to resolve a dispute by determining, amid the clamour of rival claims, what is just. This chapter argues that the adjudicative question is always of this form: ‘In the case ... More


The Epistemology of Phenomenal Belief

David J. Chalmers

in The Character of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195311105
eISBN:
9780199870851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311105.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on our knowledge of consciousness. The special phenomenal concepts of Chapter 8 lead to a distinctive class of “direct phenomenal beliefs,” which are argued to have many ... More


Faith and Revelation

C. Stephen Evans

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the concepts of revelation and faith, as well as their relation to one another. The idea of revelation common to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam can be divided in different ... More


The Foreknowledge Dilemmas

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The problem of divine foreknowledge forces the religious person to give up one of a pair of beliefs both of which are central to Christian practice. These beliefs are, first, that God has infallibly ... More


The Boethian Solution

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In the previous chapter, it was argued that the Accidental Necessity Version of the divine foreknowledge dilemma is very strong. In addition, there is the problem of the Causal Necessity Version. ... More


Stalinism after the War: A Discourse of Danger, 1945–53

Ted Hopf

in Reconstructing the Cold War: The Early Years, 1945-1958

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199858484
eISBN:
9780199933426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858484.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes and analyzes the predominant discourse of Soviet identity and its relationships to various challengers. The predominant discourse was one of danger, binarization, ... More


Certain Sainthood: Canonization and the Origins of Papal Infallibility in the Medieval Church

Donald S. Prudlo

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454035
eISBN:
9781501701535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454035.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The doctrine of papal infallibility is a central tenet of Roman Catholicism, and yet it is frequently misunderstood by Catholics and non-Catholics alike. Much of the present-day theological ... More


Scientology as Technological Buddhism

Frank K. Flinn

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines Scientology's affinities with, and roots in, Buddhism and Hinduism, and its employment of technological language. This is followed by a historical section on the transition from ... More


Papal Infallibility

Ian Ker

in John Henry Newman: A Biography

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199569106
eISBN:
9780191702044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569106.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

While writing the last stages of the Grammar, John Henry Newman was distracted by the drama unfolding at Rome. There was an attempt to define the Pope as infallible in matters of faith. Newman had ... More


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