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Michael Bergmann

in Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275748
eISBN:
9780191603907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275742.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Internalists are typically careful to design their views to escape the famous dilemma for foundationalism posed by Wilfrid Sellars. Because the Sellarsian dilemma is similar in ways to the dilemma ... More


Infallibilism or Pragmatic Encroachment?

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

If the arguments of previous chapters are sound, then fallibilist purism about knowledge is false. This raises the question of which to retain, fallibilism or purism? The first part of the chapter ... More


Coherence as a Test For Truth

Robert Stern

in Hegelian Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239108
eISBN:
9780191716942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239108.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the coherentism of the British Idealism, and in particular of F. H. Bradley, is importantly different from the sort of coherentism familiar in contemporary philosophy. For, ... More


INTRODUCTION

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott considers various interpretations of the term “human rights.” He proposes an account of basic human rights as the necessary legal guarantees for a government to be ... More


Scepticism in Contemporary Debate

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Luck

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I examine one key way in which the problem of radical scepticism is motivated via an appeal to an infallibility thesis—as expressed, for example, in the work of Peter Unger—and highlight how this ... More


Protagoras and relativism

Mi-Kyoung Lee

in Epistemology after Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199262229
eISBN:
9780191602924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262225.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In the Theaetetus, Plato attributes to Protagoras a position that contains elements of both relativism about truth and infallibilism. On the one hand, he takes Protagoras to be proposing an ... More


Self‐refutation and contradiction

Mi-Kyoung Lee

in Epistemology after Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199262229
eISBN:
9780191602924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262225.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In the so-called self-refutation argument of the Theaetetus, Plato has Socrates argue that Protagoras can be made to refute himself, and that someone who holds Protagoras’ position must admit that it ... More


Fallibilism: Evidence and Knowledge

Jessica Brown

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198801771
eISBN:
9780191840364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801771.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book examines the prospects for infallibilism about knowledge, according to which one can know that p only if one has evidence which guarantees or entails that p. In particular, it focuses on ... More


Conclusion

Jessica Brown

in Fallibilism: Evidence and Knowledge

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198801771
eISBN:
9780191840364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801771.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter concludes that those of us who want to reject scepticism within a traditional non-shifty view of knowledge should embrace fallibilism. Fallibilism starts out as the more intuitive option ... More


The model-theoretic arguments

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 1 showed how to use model theory to understand external realist’s Credo. This chapter presents the model-theoretic results that Putnam brings to bear against external realism. Putnam’s ... More


The Arbitrariness of Belief*

Martin Smith

in Scepticism and Perceptual Justification

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199658343
eISBN:
9780191760983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658343.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Knowledge and Lotteries, John Hawthorne offers a diagnosis of our unwillingness to believe, of a given lottery ticket, that it will lose a fair lottery—no matter how many tickets are involved. ... More


Lotteries, Insensitivity, and Closure

Keith DeRose

in The Appearance of Ignorance: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199564477
eISBN:
9780191846021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199564477.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

(1) Why does it seem that we don’t know we will lose a lottery, while it seems we do know other things with respect about which we are more likely to be wrong? (2) And do we really fail to know that ... More


Fallibility for Infallibilists

Jason Leddington

in In the Light of Experience: New Essays on Perception and Reasons

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198809630
eISBN:
9780191846908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809630.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Infallibilism is the view that knowledge requires conclusive grounds. Despite its intuitive appeal, most contemporary epistemology rejects Infallibilism; however, there is a strong minority tradition ... More


Human Fallibility and Fallibilism about Knowledge

Jessica Brown

in Fallibilism: Evidence and Knowledge

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198801771
eISBN:
9780191840364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801771.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter distinguishes between fallibilism and infallibilism by appeal to entailment: infallibilists hold that knowledge that p requires evidence which entails that p; fallibilists deny that. It ... More


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