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Deep Inelastic Scattering

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book provides a self-contained account of deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in high energy physics. It covers the classic results that lead to the quark-parton model of hadrons and the ... More


Price, Preference, and Purpose: Factors Influencing the Priory’s Purchasing Decisions

Miranda Threlfall-Holmes

in Monks and Markets: Durham Cathedral Priory 1460-1520

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253814
eISBN:
9780191719813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253814.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter focuses on how the obedientiaries' purchasing decisions were made, looking at the various factors that influenced or limited their choices and their behaviour as consumers. Three case ... More


Heavy-ion collisions at low energies

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

In this regime heavy ion collisions can be parameterized by shape variables, the evolution of which is determined by transport equations of Fokker-Planck or Langevin type. This chapter describes ... More


MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND REAL AREA OF CONTACT

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter covers how the material around contacting asperities deform when two surfaces touch and the resulting stresses in the materials. The first part of the chapter is devoted to how these ... More


The theory of Compton scattering

W. Schülke

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter deals with the theory of the double differential photon scattering cross-section in both non-relativistic and relativistic treatments. It shows how the Impulse Approximation leads to a ... More


The processing of experimental data

Eugeniusz Żukowski

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides a comprehensive account of how raw data are corrected for systematic effects in the spectra in order to deduce the Compton profile, i.e., the quantity that is related to the ... More


Phase transitions, clustering, and coarsening in granular gases

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses theoretical approaches to modeling patterns that emerge in dilute granular systems with or without external excitation. It begins with the simplest possible realization of such ... More


Granular physics of biological objects

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents an overview of patterns emerging in the various biological systems. Complex patterns in biological systems can be caused by a variety of mechanisms, from “simple” physical ... More


Scattering

Sönke Johnsen

in The Optics of Life: A Biologist's Guide to Light in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139906
eISBN:
9781400840663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139906.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses scattering. As mentioned already, optics is primarily photons interacting with electrons, atoms, and molecules. If the energy of the photon matches the difference in energy ... More


STRUCTURE OF CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS AND THE “DEFECT STATE”

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

What governs the state of order of a solid depends primarily on the type of atomic bonding and on the processing path. The interest in this book is almost entirely in solids in the crystalline state ... More


OBSERVATION OF MICROSCOPIC MAGNETISM

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is devoted to the observation of microscopic magnetism, working out in some detail the most commonly used magnetic techniques. The basic aspects of these techniques are only briefly ... More


INELASTIC LIGHT SCATTERING BY LOW-LYING EXCITATIONS OF QUANTUM HALL FLUIDS

Vittorio Pellegrini and Aron Pinczuk

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews inelastic light scattering by low-lying excitations of two-dimensional quantum Hall fluids in semiconductor nanostructures at very low temperatures and large magnetic fields. It ... More


Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various aspects of scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS). It is an extension of the classical tunneling spectroscopy experiment to nanometer-scale or atomic-scale features on ... More


Tunneling Phenomenon

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents basic experimental methods and the basic theory of tunneling. The classical metal-insulator-metal tunneling junction experiment of Giaever, designed to verify the ... More


Problems of the World Markets for Tropical Beverages

Alfred Maizels, Robert Bacon, and George Mavrotas

in COMMODITY SUPPLY MANAGEMENT BY PRODUCING COUNTRIES: A Case-Study of the Tropical Beverage Crops

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233381
eISBN:
9780191678981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233381.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

International economic policy is important in the world markets for tropical beverage crops. Since most of the producing countries are underdeveloped, changes experienced in market conditions that ... More


Carter Glass: 1858–1946: Unreconstructed Rebel

Edward Morris

in Wall Streeters: The Creators and Corruptors of American Finance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170543
eISBN:
9780231540506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170543.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The chapter describes Congressman Carter Glass’s unexpected role in passing legislation to form a central bank.


Statistical Description and Evolution of Reactive Gas Systems

Raymond Brun

in Introduction to Reactive Gas Dynamics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199552689
eISBN:
9780191720277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552689.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter begins by presenting a statistical definition of state and transport parameters of non-equilibrium flows, starting from the concept of distribution function. It then describes the ... More


Introduction

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the basic idea of scattering experiments as a probe of spatial structure and forces. It explains the meaning of the term deep inelastic using elementary arguments. A broadly ... More


Neutron and photon scattering

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines the structure of 3He-4He mixtures with neutrons. It focuses on thermal neutron studies of the quasiparticle excitation spectrum and structure functions. It begins with the ... More


The Development Of QCD

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews and puts into context the experiments which lead to the formulation of QCD. Starting from the static quark model, the phenomenology of deep inelastic scattering processes is ... More


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