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Coping with Physicians’ Conflicts of Interest in the United States

Marc A. Rodwin

in Conflicts of Interest and the Future of Medicine: The United States, France, and Japan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755486
eISBN:
9780199894918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755486.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the three approaches used by the United States to cope with physicians' conflicts of interest that interact: professional and industry self-regulation, ... More


Regulating Energy and Natural Resources

Barry Barton, Alastair Lucas, Lila Barrera-Hernández, and Anita Rønne (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199299874
eISBN:
9780191714931
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299874.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Democratization, globalization, and increased environmental awareness have had a profound impact on the regulation of industry in the energy and natural resources sector. This book analyses the ... More


The Railway Inspectorate: Regulatory Objectives and the Social Dimensions of Knowledge

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

The main agency tasked with regulating the railways at the time of data collection was the Railway Inspectorate, which decided on behalf of the state how the law and its objectives were given meaning ... More


Modernizing SEC Regulation

Matthew P. Fink

in The Rise of Mutual Funds: An Insider’s View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753505
eISBN:
9780199918805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753505.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the modernization of mutual fund industry regulation. The explosive growth of and dramatic changes in the mutual fund industry during the 1980s and 1990s led the Securities and ... More


Updating Other Regulation

Matthew P. Fink

in The Rise of Mutual Funds: An Insider’s View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753505
eISBN:
9780199918805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753505.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

As earlier chapters have made clear, mutual funds not only are subject to Securities and Exchange Commission regulation under the federal securities laws but also they must meet requirements imposed ... More


Industry Enforced Self-Regulation

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

The Health and Safety Work Act, 1974, instituted a system of enforced self-regulation which placed the primary responsibility for health and safety within the industry. This chapter considers the ... More


Participative Regulation?

Bridget M. Hutter

in Regulation and Risk: Occupational Health and Safety on the Railways

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242504
eISBN:
9780191697128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242504.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

An important objective of the philosophy underlying the Health and Safety Work Act, 1974, was to incorporate employees as participatory rather than as passive agents in the workplace. This chapter ... More


Competition in Network Operation 1990–1996: Differing National Paths away from Monopoly

Mark Thatcher

in The Politics of Telecommunications: National Institutions, Convergences, and Change in Britain and France

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280743
eISBN:
9780191684388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280743.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines decision-making processes in key areas of substantive policy in Britain and France concerning network operation. Institutional factors that differed between the two countries ... More


The Trading Scandals

Matthew P. Fink

in The Rise of Mutual Funds: An Insider’s View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753505
eISBN:
9780199918805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753505.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

The record 1982–2000 bull market ended with a bubble in high-technology and telecom stocks, followed by a severe bear market and revelations of a number of major corporate and accounting scandals, ... More


Sector Associations and Locally Led Reregulation of Textiles in the WTO Era

Roselyn Hsueh

in China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449956
eISBN:
9780801462856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines China's regulation of the textile industry in the WTO era. Decentralized engagement characterized the overall pattern of state control in the WTO era but the extent and nature ... More


Deliberate Reinforcement in Strategic Industries

Roselyn Hsueh

in China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449956
eISBN:
9780801462856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter surveys strategic industries (financial services, energy, and automotives) to test, extend, and refine the broader applicability of the strategic value framework developed in previous ... More


Decentralized Engagement in Nonstrategic Industries

Roselyn Hsueh

in China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449956
eISBN:
9780801462856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter applies the strategic value framework to case studies of nonstrategic industries (consumer electronics, foodstuffs, and paper) to show that decentralized engagement is the dominant ... More


State-Owned Carriers and Centrally Led Reregulation of Telecommunications in the WTO Era

Roselyn Hsueh

in China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449956
eISBN:
9780801462856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines China's regulation of telecommunications in the WTO era. When China became a member of the WTO on December 11, 2001, the global telecommunications industry expected the country ... More


Pharmaceuticals and the health sector

Prashant Yadav, Richard D. Smith, and Kara Hanson

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0061
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter consolidates existing knowledge around the role, structure, and improvement levers of pharmaceutical systems, and reviews issues facing the pharmaceutical component of health sectors in ... More


The Regulatory History of EU Energy: The Evolution of EU Energy Law from 1957 Onwards

Kim Talus

in EU Energy Law and Policy: A Critical Account

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686391
eISBN:
9780191766268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686391.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the substantive issues of EU energy law and policy, focusing on regulatory developments in EU energy law from 1957 onwards, up to the adoption of the first electricity and gas ... More


Consolidating Central Control of Telecommunications in the Pre-WTO Era

Roselyn Hsueh

in China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449956
eISBN:
9780801462856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines China's regulation of telecommunications in the pre-WTO era. Between 1993 and 1998, to modernize the telecommunications infrastructure and create competitive carriers, the State ... More


Dismantling Central Control of Textiles in the Pre-WTO Era

Roselyn Hsueh

in China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449956
eISBN:
9780801462856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines China's deregulation of the textile industry in the pre-WTO era. In 1993, the central government dismantled the Ministry of Textile Industry, forty-four years after its ... More


Liberalization Two-Step: Understanding State Control of the Economy

Roselyn Hsueh

in China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449956
eISBN:
9780801462856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter builds on existing scholarship on the Chinese state and its response to international forces to introduce the story presented in the rest of the book. This story of economic statecraft ... More


Telecommunications and Textiles: Two Patterns of State Control

Roselyn Hsueh

in China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449956
eISBN:
9780801462856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Since 1978, the Chinese government adopted successive generations of economic reforms ranging from the restructuring of state-owned enterprises and administrative bureaucracies to liberalizing ... More


China’s Strategy for International Integration: The Logic of Reregulation

Roselyn Hsueh

in China's Regulatory State: A New Strategy for Globalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449956
eISBN:
9780801462856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449956.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter shows how common forces experienced by all industries fall short in explaining why and how state control varies. It presents a strategic value framework, which systematically identifies ... More


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