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Roots of Protection: The National Consumers’ League and Progressive Reform

Nancy Woloch

in A Class by Herself: Protective Laws for Women Workers, 1890s-1990s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691002590
eISBN:
9781400866366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691002590.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the context in which the Progressive campaign for protective laws arose, assessing reformers' rationales and the oppositions they faced. Passage of the 1893 Illinois law marked ... More


Organize or Starve!: Communists, Labor, and Antiradical Violence

Robin D. G. Kelley

in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625485
eISBN:
9781469625508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625485.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on efforts to unionize industrial workers in Birmingham. Communist-led trade unions remained virtually nonexistent in Birmingham's mines and mills despite three years of ... More


Spanish Firemen and Maritime Syndicalism, 1902–1940

Jon Bekken and Mario Martín Revellado

in Writing Revolution: Hispanic Anarchism in the United States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780252042744
eISBN:
9780252051609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042744.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter describes how Spanish firemen and Hispanic anarcho-syndicalists built a strong presence in the maritime industry in the opening decades of the twentieth century. They exchanged ... More


Industrial Growth in São Paulo

Francisco Vidal Luna and Herbert S. Klein

in An Economic and Demographic History of São Paulo, 1850-1950

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503602007
eISBN:
9781503604124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503602007.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

While the creation of a dynamic agricultural economy was explained by the extraordinary quality of the soils of the state and their excellent conditions for the growth of coffee, the same was not the ... More


Introduction

Roman Szporluk

in Communism and Nationalism: Karl Marx versus Friedrich List

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195051032
eISBN:
9780199854417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The “List Critique” is the most explicit work Karl Marx wrote on nationalism. This work actually remained unknown until it appeared in a Soviet historical journal in 1971, long after he died. ... More


The Industrial and Commercial Workers Union (ICU) and the Language of Freedom

David Johnson

in Dreaming of Freedom in South Africa: Literature Between Critique and Utopia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781474430210
eISBN:
9781474481151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430210.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The second dream of freedom is the ICU’s utopian mix of Christianity, Garveyism, Communism, British trade unionism and vernacular freedoms. Due attention is directed to each of these distinct ... More


Reinhold Niebuhr and Contemporary Politics

Richard Harries and Stephen Platten (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571833
eISBN:
9780191722264
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571833.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

When Barack Obama praised the writings of philosopher theologian Reinhold Niebuhr in the run up to the 2008 US Presidential Elections, he joined a long line of top politicians who closely engaged ... More


An Agitator Abroad: P.H. Hickey, Industrial Unionism, and Socialism in the United States, New Zealand, and Australia, 1900–1930

Peter Clayworth

in Frontiers of Labor: Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041839
eISBN:
9780252050503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041839.003.0016
Subject:
History, Economic History

Patrick Hodgens Hickey, a New Zealander, was a labor activist who introduced American ideas of revolutionary industrial unionism and socialist political action to the country of his birth. Hickey ... More


The Fate of the Black Working Class: The Global Economy, Rachism, and Union Organizing

MICHAEL KEITH HONEY

in Black Workers Remember: An Oral History of Segregation, Unionism, and the Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520217744
eISBN:
9780520928060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520217744.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explains that by the mid-1970s, black workers in a core of unionized factory jobs had torn down most Jim Crow barriers within their workplaces and unionism after decades of painful ... More


Organizing Mobile workers

David M. Struthers

in The World in a City: Multiethnic Radicalism in Early Twentieth-Century Los Angeles

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042478
eISBN:
9780252051319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042478.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1909 the California State Federation of Labor (CSFL) voted to direct resources toward organizing migrant workers within a new branch of American Federation of Labor (AFL) affiliated United ... More


The Decline and Fall of Hobohemia

in Citizen Hobo: How a Century of Homelessness Shaped America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226143781
eISBN:
9780226143804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226143804.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the decline and fall of hobohemia. World War I had not only prompted a devastating crackdown on hobo political organizations, it had also accelerated long-term social and ... More


Into the Crucible: The Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and the Black Industrial Worker, 1870–1900

Cicero M. Fain III

in Black Huntington: An Appalachian Story

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042591
eISBN:
9780252051432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042591.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the period from 1870 to 1900, a time in which African Americans increasing move into the capitalist-wage system to better their circumstance. It highlights the criticality of ... More


Spanish-speaking Anarchists in the United States: The Newspaper Cultura Obrera and Its Transnational Networks (1911–1927)

Susana Sueiro Seoane

in Writing Revolution: Hispanic Anarchism in the United States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780252042744
eISBN:
9780252051609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042744.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter analyzes Cultura Obrera (Labor Culture), published in New York City from 1911 to 1927. Pedro Esteve, the primary editor, gave expression to his ideas in this newspaper and while it ... More


Conclusion

John M. Merriman

in The Margins of City Life: Explorations of the French Urban Frontier, 1815–1851

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195064384
eISBN:
9780199854424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064384.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Large-scale industrialization and the increased reach of the centralized state were not the only dynamics of change, but were arguably the two that most profoundly affected the lives of ordinary ... More


Housing for Defense

Sarah Jo Peterson

in Planning the Home Front: Building Bombers and Communities at Willow Run

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226025421
eISBN:
9780226025568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226025568.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As the federal government began to release funds for the construction of ships, tanks, and airplanes at industrial centers, the promise of jobs not only sparked mass migrations and created boom ... More


Work and Identity in the Factory and at Home

Lou Martin

in Smokestacks in the Hills: Rural-Industrial Workers in West Virginia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039454
eISBN:
9780252097560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039454.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the evolution of gendered division of labor in the factories and at home. In the 1940s and 1950s, potteries hired increasing numbers of women to fill more and more roles in the ... More


The Layered Communities of Mexican Cotton Textile Workers

in Revolution within the Revolution: Cotton Textile Workers and the Mexican Labor Regime, 1910–1923

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758062
eISBN:
9780804779647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758062.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Cotton textile workers lived in textile communities, mill towns, factory housing, and working-class neighborhoods that facilitated an easy communication among them. This chapter describes the layered ... More


Rise of the Rural-Industrial Workers

Lou Martin

in Smokestacks in the Hills: Rural-Industrial Workers in West Virginia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039454
eISBN:
9780252097560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039454.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter looks at the rise of the rural-industrial workers. In the early 1900s, industrialists had believed that building new potteries and tinplate mills in rural Hancock County would result in ... More


Redrafting Masculinity: Breadwinners, Shirkers, or “Soldiers of Production”

Matthew L. Basso

in Meet Joe Copper: Masculinity and Race on Montana's World War II Home Front

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226038865
eISBN:
9780226044224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226044224.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines society's new expectations for masculinity articulated in discussions about the military draft, patriotism, and home front versus frontline service from 1940 through 1942. The ... More


Workers against Warfare: The American and Australian Experiences before and during World War I

Burgmann Jeffrey and Jeffrey A. Johnson

in Frontiers of Labor: Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041839
eISBN:
9780252050503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041839.003.0003
Subject:
History, Economic History

Working-class antimilitarism before and during World War I was an internationalist and international movement that transcended national boundaries. In the USA and Australia, this movement argued that ... More


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