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Introduction

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book explores the role that energy has played in the economic history of Europe, highlighting the link between energy consumption and economic development. Using three industrial revolutions as ... More


Nineteenth-Century Anglican Theological Training: The Redbrick Challenge

David Dowland

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269298
eISBN:
9780191683589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269298.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History, History of Christianity

This book presents one of the first analytical accounts of Anglican theological training during its formative period, the 19th century. Until this time Oxford and Cambridge had been recognized as the ... More


New Strategies Needed as Third Industrial Age Unfolds

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0029
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Many today believe the world has entered the Third Industrial Age, during which technological improvements in robotics and automation will boost productivity and efficiency, implying significant ... More


The “Enlightenment Automaton” in the Modern Industrial Age

Adelheid Voskuhl

in Androids in the Enlightenment: Mechanics, Artisans, and Cultures of the Self

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226034027
eISBN:
9780226034331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226034331.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter surveys how the two women automata and the larger set of Enlightenment automata and ideas about them “traveled” from their eighteenth-century origins, through the various phases of ... More


The Old Kingdom: Ancient Egypt at mid Century

David Gange

in Dialogues with the Dead: Egyptology in British Culture and Religion, 1822-1922

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199653102
eISBN:
9780191752100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653102.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

Interest in Egypt in 1822 was geographically and socially diverse. Among the fashionable London crowds who patronised Giovanni Belzoni, the clichés of “mystery” often associated with Egyptomania ... More


Conclusion

Lillian Hoddeson and Peter Garrett

in The Man Who Saw Tomorrow: The Life and Inventions of Stanford R. Ovshinsky

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037532
eISBN:
9780262345033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037532.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The conclusion reviews Ovshinsky’s accomplishments and historical significance. Ovshinsky is now gaining mare recognition. In May 2015 he was posthumously inducted into the National Inventors Hall of ... More


Gut Wars: Gilded Age Struggles Against Purity

E. Melanie DuPuis

in Dangerous Digestion: The Politics of American Dietary Advice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520275478
eISBN:
9780520962132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275478.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter demonstrates how the general public resisted moral reform efforts through the subversive pursuit of pleasure. What early Americans concerned with virtue had disparagingly called “luxury” ... More


“To Qualify its Students for Personal Success”: The Rise of the University in the West

Charles Dorn

in For the Common Good: A New History of Higher Education in America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780801452345
eISBN:
9781501712616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452345.003.0007
Subject:
Education, History of Education

This chapter examines the rise of commercialism in American higher education. Popularly known as Stanford University, Leland Stanford Junior University was exceptional both because of the Stanfords' ... More


Union Pacific: The Reconfiguration: America's Greatest Railroad from 1969 to the Present

Maury Klein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195369892
eISBN:
9780190254636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195369892.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Volumes I and II of this history of the Union Pacific Railroad covered the years 1863–1969. This volume brings the story of the Union Pacific—the oldest, largest, and most successful railroad of ... More


Policies for Addressing Near-Poverty

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The primary reason for poverty is that people are unmotivated to work, whether due to poor health, poor education, poor work habits, limited opportunities to take up good jobs, or other reasons. To ... More


On freedom

Christopher Adair-Toteff

in Raymond Aron's Philosophy of Political Responsibility: Freedom, Democracy and National Identity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474447089
eISBN:
9781474465298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474447089.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explains Aron’s three meanings of freedom. One is his conception in contrast to de Tocqueville and the young Marx. Another is his conception in comparison with F.A. Hayek. The third is ... More


What’s Good for GM …

Philip Auerswald

in The Coming Prosperity: How Entrepreneurs Are Transforming the Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199795178
eISBN:
9780190258481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795178.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter analyzes the success of democratic capitalism driven by productive entrepreneurship. It explains the context of Charles Erwin Wilson's quote that implies “What's good for General Motors ... More


Predicting the Chemistry Inside a Cell

Ben McFarland

in A World From Dust: How the Periodic Table Shaped Life

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190275013
eISBN:
9780197559604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190275013.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The process of scientific discovery is something like a walk near Freswick Castle. I assume you’ve never been there. (Neither have I, but a friend has.) Freswick Castle stands at the end of ... More


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