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Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. and Legal Logic

Frederic R. Kellogg

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523903
eISBN:
9780226524061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226524061.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This is a study of Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.’s original contribution to both legal logic and general logical theory. Conventional legal logic has focused on the operation of judges deciding ... More


How to Choose Between Empirically Indistinguishable Theories

Paul Horwich

in From a Deflationary Point of View

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251261
eISBN:
9780191602252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251266.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The problem of underdetermination involves the questions: (1) Can incompatible total theories have the same testable questions? (2) If so, could there ever be a reason to choose between them? This ... More


Waves, Particles, Independent Tests, and the Limits of Inductivism

Larry Laudan

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter argues: (1) that Achinstein's construal of theory testing requires both an enumeration, and a systematic refutation, of all possible alternatives to a hypothesis ostensibly under test. ... More


Learning and Learning to Learn

in Inside Man: The Discipline of Modeling Human Ways of Being

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804773041
eISBN:
9780804777421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804773041.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter, which examines the modeling of human learning, proposes a particular model of learning and shows that it can accommodate basic insights and intuitions about learning. It considers some ... More


Science

Frederic R. Kellogg

in Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. and Legal Logic

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523903
eISBN:
9780226524061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226524061.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Holmes in the 1870s rejected static analytical theories of law for a diachronic and transformative perspective, drawing upon Whewell’s History of the Inductive Sciences. He extended to law a question ... More


Is Falsifiability the Touchstone of Scientific Rationality? Karl Popper Versus Inductivism

Adolf Grünbaum

in Collected Works, Volume I: Scientific Rationality, the Human Condition, and 20th Century Cosmologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989928
eISBN:
9780199346356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989928.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter challenges Popper’s claim that ‘testability is falsifiability.’ In particular, it contests Popper’s historiography of inductivism and shows in detail that his taking psychoanalytic theory as ... More


The Degeneration of Popper’s Theory of Demarcation

Adolf Grünbaum

in Collected Works, Volume I: Scientific Rationality, the Human Condition, and 20th Century Cosmologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989928
eISBN:
9780199346356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989928.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter takes closer issue with Popper’s well-known proposal that we can draw a clear line of demarcation between science and non-science. Here again, Popper’s claim is contested that psychoanalysis ... More


Hume and Locke on Causation and Scientific Methodology: The Newtonian Legacy

Graciela De Pierris

in Ideas, Evidence, and Method: Hume's Skepticism and Naturalism concerning Knowledge and Causation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716785
eISBN:
9780191785368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716785.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 3 considers Hume’s views on causation from his Newtonian naturalistic standpoint. It examines five central differences between Newton’s and Locke’s scientific methodologies. It contrasts ... More


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