Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-19 of 19 items

  • Keywords: inductive logic x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Carnapian Inductive Logic for Markov Chains

Brian Skyrms

in From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652808
eISBN:
9780191745829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his Nachlass, Carnap listed outstanding problems for the development of inductive logic. One was the treatment of what he called “analogy by proximity”. This can be handled naturally along ... More


The Foundations of Inductive Logic

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter offers a description on the foundations of inductive logic. In order to provide a rational reconstruction for the concept of inductive probability, it is necessary first to provide one ... More


Inductive Logic and the Probability that God Exists: Farewell to Sceptical Theism

Michael Tooley

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Suppose that the world contains n events, each of which is such that, judged in the light of the totality of known rightmaking and wrongmaking properties, it would be morally wrong for anyone to ... More


From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

Brian Skyrms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652808
eISBN:
9780191745829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The essays in the book center on the concept of probability. What is the framework within which probability comfortably lives? What are the coherence principles that must be satisfied for degrees of ... More


Lectures on Inductive Logic

Jon Williamson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Inductive logic (also known as confirmation theory) seeks to determine the extent to which the premisses of an argument entail its conclusion. This book offers an introduction to the field of ... More


Classical Inductive Logic

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 1 introduces perhaps the simplest and most natural account of inductive logic, classical inductive logic, which is attributable to Ludwig Wittgenstein. The key concept in inductive logic is ... More


Combining Probability and Logic

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 3 introduces the ways in which logic and probability can be combined in an inductive logic. The basic concepts of inductive logic are introduced: degree of partial entailment, degree of ... More


Abductive Reasoning

Jon Kolko

in Exposing the Magic of Design: A Practitioner’s Guide to the Methods and Theory of Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744336
eISBN:
9780199894710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744336.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter explains how abductive reasoning works, comparing and contrasting this form of logic with both deductive and inductive logic. It is then described in the context of creative problem ... More


Carnap’s Programme

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 4 discusses the most influential approach to inductive logic, developed by Rudolf Carnap. Carnap’s strategy is outlined and then evaluated. It is shown that while this approach can capture ... More


Logical Entailment

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 6 explains how objective Bayesian inductive logic captures logical entailment. This is essentially because the logic extends classical inductive logic. The logic is shown to validate several ... More


Criticisms of Inductive Logic

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 8 defends objective Bayesian inductive logic by tackling several key criticisms that are often levelled at inductive logic. The problem of language relativity is considered and it is shown ... More


Conclusion

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 10 discusses whether objective Bayesian inductive logic is a general, reasonable, applicable inductive logic. Several open questions are noted as promising avenues for future research. One ... More


Inductive Entailment

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 7 explains how objective Bayesian inductive logic captures inductive entailment. This is done by means of an extended example. The ability of the logic to capture inductive entailment is ... More


From Objective Bayesian Epistemology to Inductive Logic

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 5 puts forward a new approach to inductive logic which follows rather naturally from the philosophical theory of objective Bayesian epistemology. First, objective Bayesian epistemology is ... More


Evidential Arguments from Evil, against the Existence of God

Bruce Langtry

in God, the Best, and Evil

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238798
eISBN:
9780191716485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter attacks four recent, representative evidential arguments: Michael Tooley's, William L. Rowe's, and J. L. Schellenberg's, and an argument from horrific evils, arising from Chapter 6. ... More


Philosophical approach to population modeling

Louis W. Botsford, J. Wilson White, and Alan Hastings

in Population Dynamics for Conservation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198758365
eISBN:
9780191818301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758365.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter describes how we can use models, and how complex models should be. It begins with the difference between strategic and tactical population models. It describes the logic underlying both ... More


Logic and Probability

Jon Williamson

in Lectures on Inductive Logic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199666478
eISBN:
9780191749292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 2 presents enough logic and probability theory for the reader to begin to study inductive logic. First, the chapter provides a synopsis of the logical concepts and notation to which the book ... More


Introduction to Poincaré‎’s Science and Hypothesis

John J. McDermott (ed.)

in The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume II: Logic, Loyalty, and Community

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823224845
eISBN:
9780823284894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823224845.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter studies Henri Poincaré's discussion of science and hypotheses. The useful hypotheses of science are of two kinds: the hypotheses which are valuable precisely because they are either ... More


Dark Writing: Geography, Performance, Design

Paul Carter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832469
eISBN:
9780824868949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832469.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

We do not see empty figures and outlines; we do not move in straight lines. Everywhere we are surrounded by dapple. But nowhere in the language of cartography and design do these ordinary experiences ... More


View: