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## Carnapian Inductive Logic for Markov Chains

*Brian Skyrms*

### in From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199652808
- eISBN:
- 9780191745829
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.003.0014
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his Nachlass, Carnap listed outstanding problems for the development of inductive logic. One was the treatment of what he called “analogy by proximity”. This can be handled naturally along ... More

## The Foundations of Inductive Logic

*L. Jonathan Cohen*

### in The Probable and The Provable

- Published in print:
- 1977
- Published Online:
- October 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780198244127
- eISBN:
- 9780191680748
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0013
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter offers a description on the foundations of inductive logic. In order to provide a rational reconstruction for the concept of inductive probability, it is necessary first to provide one ... More

## Inductive Logic and the Probability that God Exists: Farewell to Sceptical Theism

*Michael Tooley*

### in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- September 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199604760
- eISBN:
- 9780191741548
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0008
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Suppose that the world contains n events, each of which is such that, judged in the light of the totality of known rightmaking and wrongmaking properties, it would be morally wrong for anyone to ... More

## From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

*Brian Skyrms*

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199652808
- eISBN:
- 9780191745829
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.001.0001
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The essays in the book center on the concept of probability. What is the framework within which probability comfortably lives? What are the coherence principles that must be satisfied for degrees of ... More

## Lectures on Inductive Logic

*Jon Williamson*

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Inductive logic (also known as confirmation theory) seeks to determine the extent to which the premisses of an argument entail its conclusion. This book offers an introduction to the field of ... More

## Classical Inductive Logic

*Jon Williamson*

### in Lectures on Inductive Logic

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 1 introduces perhaps the simplest and most natural account of inductive logic, classical inductive logic, which is attributable to Ludwig Wittgenstein. The key concept in inductive logic is ... More

## Combining Probability and Logic

*Jon Williamson*

### in Lectures on Inductive Logic

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 3 introduces the ways in which logic and probability can be combined in an inductive logic. The basic concepts of inductive logic are introduced: degree of partial entailment, degree of ... More

## Abductive Reasoning

*Jon Kolko*

### in Exposing the Magic of Design: A Practitioner’s Guide to the Methods and Theory of Synthesis

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- May 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199744336
- eISBN:
- 9780199894710
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744336.003.0004
- Subject:
- Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter explains how abductive reasoning works, comparing and contrasting this form of logic with both deductive and inductive logic. It is then described in the context of creative problem ... More

## Carnap’s Programme

*Jon Williamson*

### in Lectures on Inductive Logic

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0004
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 4 discusses the most influential approach to inductive logic, developed by Rudolf Carnap. Carnap’s strategy is outlined and then evaluated. It is shown that while this approach can capture ... More

## Logical Entailment

*Jon Williamson*

### in Lectures on Inductive Logic

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0006
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 6 explains how objective Bayesian inductive logic captures logical entailment. This is essentially because the logic extends classical inductive logic. The logic is shown to validate several ... More

## Criticisms of Inductive Logic

*Jon Williamson*

### in Lectures on Inductive Logic

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0008
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 8 defends objective Bayesian inductive logic by tackling several key criticisms that are often levelled at inductive logic. The problem of language relativity is considered and it is shown ... More

## Conclusion

*Jon Williamson*

### in Lectures on Inductive Logic

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0010
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 10 discusses whether objective Bayesian inductive logic is a general, reasonable, applicable inductive logic. Several open questions are noted as promising avenues for future research. One ... More

## Inductive Entailment

*Jon Williamson*

### in Lectures on Inductive Logic

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 7 explains how objective Bayesian inductive logic captures inductive entailment. This is done by means of an extended example. The ability of the logic to capture inductive entailment is ... More

## From Objective Bayesian Epistemology to Inductive Logic

*Jon Williamson*

### in Lectures on Inductive Logic

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 5 puts forward a new approach to inductive logic which follows rather naturally from the philosophical theory of objective Bayesian epistemology. First, objective Bayesian epistemology is ... More

## Evidential Arguments from Evil, against the Existence of God

*Bruce Langtry*

### in God, the Best, and Evil

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199238798
- eISBN:
- 9780191716485
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.003.0008
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter attacks four recent, representative evidential arguments: Michael Tooley's, William L. Rowe's, and J. L. Schellenberg's, and an argument from horrific evils, arising from Chapter 6. ... More

## Philosophical approach to population modeling

*Louis W. Botsford, J. Wilson White, and Alan Hastings*

### in Population Dynamics for Conservation

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- November 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198758365
- eISBN:
- 9780191818301
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198758365.003.0001
- Subject:
- Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter describes how we can use models, and how complex models should be. It begins with the difference between strategic and tactical population models. It describes the logic underlying both ... More

## Logic and Probability

*Jon Williamson*

### in Lectures on Inductive Logic

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780199666478
- eISBN:
- 9780191749292
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666478.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 2 presents enough logic and probability theory for the reader to begin to study inductive logic. First, the chapter provides a synopsis of the logical concepts and notation to which the book ... More

##
*Introduction to Poincaré’s* Science and Hypothesis

*John J. McDermott (ed.)*

### in The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume II: Logic, Loyalty, and Community

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- May 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780823224845
- eISBN:
- 9780823284894
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Fordham University Press
- DOI:
- 10.5422/fordham/9780823224845.003.0006
- Subject:
- Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter studies Henri Poincaré's discussion of science and hypotheses. The useful hypotheses of science are of two kinds: the hypotheses which are valuable precisely because they are either ... More

## Dark Writing: Geography, Performance, Design

*Paul Carter*

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- November 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780824832469
- eISBN:
- 9780824868949
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- University of Hawai'i Press
- DOI:
- 10.21313/hawaii/9780824832469.001.0001
- Subject:
- Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

We do not see empty figures and outlines; we do not move in straight lines. Everywhere we are surrounded by dapple. But nowhere in the language of cartography and design do these ordinary experiences ... More

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