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Development of Inductive Inference in Infancy

David H. Rakison and Jessica B. Cicchino

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter challenges the predominant “top-down” view of early inductive inference. According to this view, induction and categorization by infants as young as 9 to 11 months of age is based on ... More


The Truth and Importance of its Fallibilist Consequence

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides a discussion on the truth and the importance of the fallibilist consequence of Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. It starts by addressing the independence of inductive ... More


Induction

Christopher Peacocke

in The Realm of Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270729
eISBN:
9780191600944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270724.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that the same principles of complexity reduction that he used to explain principles of perceptual entitlement in the preceding chapter can be used to explain the principles of inductive ... More


Philosophy of Inductive Logic: The Bayesian Perspective

Sandy Zabell

in The Development of Modern Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137316
eISBN:
9780199867912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137316.003.0044
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter describes the logic of inductive inference as seen through the eyes of the modern theory of personal probability, including a number of its recent refinements and extensions. The ... More


Beware of Syllogism: Statistical Reasoning and Conjecturing According to Peirce

Isaac Levi

in Pragmatism and Inquiry: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199698134
eISBN:
9780191742323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698134.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

In 1865 and 1866, Peirce appealed to Aristotle’s proposal that an inductive inference be understood as a transformation of a categorical syllogism by permuting the major premise and the conclusion ... More


Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Colin Howson

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book is an extended discussion of Hume's famous sceptical argument that we have no reason to believe that the future will resemble the past. In the context of scientific methodology, this ... More


Introduction: Object and Plan of the Book

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the main results of the evaluation of David Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. The sceptical conclusion of Hume's argument is false. It rests on a certain identifiable ... More


Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

D.C. Stove

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This book aims to discuss probability and David Hume's inductive scepticism. For the sceptical view which he took of inductive inference, Hume only ever gave one argument. That argument is the sole ... More


Its Suppressed Premisses

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with the suppressed premisses of David Hume's argument for inductive scepticism. If there is anything about this argument of Hume which is more admirable than its content, it is ... More


Waiting for Hume

Peter Lipton

in Impressions of Hume

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199256525
eISBN:
9780191719707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256525.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Why, given the ancient pedigree of scepticism, did we have to wait until Hume for the problem of induction? This chapter begins by considering whether the problem in fact antedates Hume: there is ... More


Chiefly on Statements of Logical Probability

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the statements of logical probability. It first introduces the principles and statements of probability. The relation which exists between statements, and the principles, of ... More


The Modern Theory of Induction

Kumaraswamy Velupillai

in Computable Economics: The Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295273
eISBN:
9780191596988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295278.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

A theory of induction, based on the formalism of algorithmic complexity theory, is introduced in this chapter. This is then used to underpin a theory of learning and a computable basis for inductive ... More


Induction, Evidence, and Conceptual Change

Keith Lehrer

in Metamind

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248507
eISBN:
9780191681141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248507.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Induction proceeds from the certain to the uncertain, or so it is commonplace to say. On the contrary, induction is inference from uncertain evidence to uncertain conclusions. This conception of ... More


Induction, Rational Acceptance, and Minimally Inconsistent Sets

Keith Lehrer

in Metamind

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248507
eISBN:
9780191681141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248507.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a theory of inductive inference and rational acceptance in scientific enquiry. A concept of relevant deduction is defined as a concept in which the truth of each and every ... More


Hume's Argument

Colin Howson

in Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Hume's argument for inductive scepticism is presented, and some ‘quick’ rejoinders to it are considered. Two of the most popular are (1) that it begs the question that only deductive arguments are ... More


Reliabilism

Colin Howson

in Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Considers the popular doctrine of reliabilism, the thesis that distinguishing between internal and external guarantees of reliability dissolves Hume's problem, since there may well be an external ... More


Concluding Remarks

D. C. STOVE

in Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245018
eISBN:
9780191680823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

In this book refutations have been offered both of David Hume's conclusion about induction and of one of the premisses from which he inferred that conclusion. By their extreme simplicity, as well as ... More


Induction, Samples, and Kinds

Peter Godfrey-Smith

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter criticizes a familiar group of ideas about “inductive” inference, and uses that criticism to promote a different group. Many hold on to the position that induction is rational because, ... More


Language Promotes Structural Alignment in the Acquisition of Mentalistic Concepts

Dare A. Baldwin and Megan M. Saylor

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter suggests that language may facilitate children's acquisition of mentalistic concepts by serving as an aid to analogical reasoning and inductive inference. That is, language invites ... More


Testimony, Observation, and the Reductive Approach

C. A. J. Coady

in Testimony: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Examines Hume's influential treatment of testimony in his essay ‘On Miracles’. Hume admits the importance of testimonial knowledge but argues that we are justified in relying on testimony as an ... More


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