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Structure and origins of inductive bias

Samuel Gershman

in What Makes Us Smart: The Computational Logic of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780691205717
eISBN:
9780691225999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691205717.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses what kinds of inductive biases people have and how general are they. It examines some inductive biases that are sufficiently pervasive and can be considered domain-general, ... More


What Makes Us Smart: The Computational Logic of Human Cognition

Samuel Gershman

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780691205717
eISBN:
9780691225999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691205717.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

At the heart of human intelligence rests a fundamental puzzle: How are we incredibly smart and stupid at the same time? No existing machine can match the power and flexibility of human perception, ... More


The Web in the Spider: Associative Learning Theory

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of basic learning mechanisms proposed within associationist learning theory: error-driven learning, Hebbian learning, and chunking. It takes the complementary ... More


Seeing patterns

Samuel Gershman

in What Makes Us Smart: The Computational Logic of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780691205717
eISBN:
9780691225999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691205717.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter explores the tendency to perceive patterns even where none exist that has sometimes been held up as a distinctive irrationality of human behavior, an overextension of the ... More


The frugal brain

Samuel Gershman

in What Makes Us Smart: The Computational Logic of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780691205717
eISBN:
9780691225999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691205717.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers the Bayesian inference as a solution to the problem of limited data as Bayes' rule tells how to combine observations with prior knowledge to form beliefs about the hidden parts ... More


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