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Postscript

Bennett W. Helm

in Love, Friendship, and the Self: Intimacy, Identification, and the Social Nature of Persons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199567898
eISBN:
9780191722387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567898.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This Postscript reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters. It focuses on the individualist conception of persons, which has two central components: the egocentric conception of intimate ... More


Individualism and Personal Responsibility

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Critics of responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism have often claimed that it is individualistic in an objectionable way. ‘Individualism’ is a slippery term that is employed in many different senses. ... More


Global Social Choice Beyond Nation‐State Representation

Terry MacDonald

in Global Stakeholder Democracy: Power and Representation Beyond Liberal States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199235001
eISBN:
9780191715822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235001.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter challenges the widespread idea that legitimate social choice in global politics can be achieved solely through representation by nation-states — either as a means of aggregating ... More


Doing Public Management the Individualist Way

Christopher Hood

in The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297659
eISBN:
9780191599484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297653.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the four chapters of Part II, public management ideas that loosely correspond to each of the four polar world views identified by cultural theory are discussed. Here, the cultural theory framework ... More


Writing the Self after the Crisis of Individualism: Distancing and Moral Evaluation

Emily Van Buskirk

in Lydia Ginzburg's Prose: Reality in Search of Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691166797
eISBN:
9781400873777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166797.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter explains the concept of post-individualist prose as a pointed departure from nineteenth-century Realism. This is a fragmentary, documentary literature that restricts itself to the realm ... More


Issues in Selfhood: Subjectivity and Objectivity

Christopher Gill

in The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter challenges the rather common view that Hellenistic-Roman thought shows a shift towards a more subjective and individualistic conception of self. It argues that this period expresses an ... More


Introduction

Bhargava Rajeev

in Individualism in Social Science: Forms and Limits of a Methodology

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242796
eISBN:
9780191680564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242796.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses an introduction to the concept of methodological individualism. This is defined as the view in social science according to which all social phenomena must be accounted for in ... More


The limits of Kantian contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter aims to assess Kantian contractualism as an account of morality's foundations, focusing on the version advanced by T. M. Scanlon in What We Owe To Each Other. It begins by introducing ... More


Individualism in Social Science: Forms and Limits of a Methodology

Rajeev Bhargava

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242796
eISBN:
9780191680564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242796.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The literature on methodological individualism is characterized by a widely held view that if the doctrine were stated with sufficient care it would be seen to be trivially true. This book questions ... More


Process Thinking, Individualist Consequentialism, and Animals

Clare Palmer

in Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269526
eISBN:
9780191683664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269526.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Various utilitarian philosophers including Bentham have extended their ethical concern to human animals. Bentham drew attention to how concern is not determined by whether animals can reason or talk, ... More


Process Thinking and Individualist Deontological Environmental Ethics

Clare Palmer

in Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269526
eISBN:
9780191683664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269526.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Individualist deontological approaches to environmental ethics refer to that are used by ethicists that reject consequentialism and are called ‘individualist’ since ethical focus is given more to ... More


Process Thinking and Collectivist Environmental Ethics

Clare Palmer

in Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269526
eISBN:
9780191683664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269526.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Contrary to the individualist approaches that were discussed in the previous chapters, some environmental ethicists have considered a collectivist approach. The two different approaches are not ... More


Shame Cultures, Collectivist Societies, Original Sin, and Pharaoh’s Hardened Heart

Tamler Sommers

in Relative Justice: Cultural Diversity, Free Will, and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139937
eISBN:
9781400840250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139937.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines literature highlighting the differences between “individualist” societies (e.g., the United States, Great Britain, and Western Europe) and “collectivist societies” (e.g., Japan, ... More


A New Historiography

Nicholas Jardine

in The Scenes of Inquiry: On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250395
eISBN:
9780191681288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250395.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins by reviewing the main hypotheses about the factors responsible for setting and shifting scenes of inquiry. It notes two methodological issues that are vital in the development of ... More


Defining the Issues

Hugh Beale

in Mistake and Non-Disclosure of Facts: Models for English Contract Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199593880
eISBN:
9780191745362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593880.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter tries to determine whether English law is right to adopt an individualist attitude, or whether it should shift towards the German position, which is generally representative of most ... More


Contractualism on the Shoal of Aggregation

Rahul Kumar

in Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T.M. Scanlon

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753673
eISBN:
9780199918829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753673.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Scanlon’s contractualism clearly places itself in opposition to all forms of consequentialism in rejecting the to reasoning about what we owe to one another of any considerations having to do with ... More


Crowds

Douglas Kerr

in Eastern Figures: Orient and Empire in British Writing

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099340
eISBN:
9789882206892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099340.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter discusses the ways in which the East has been imagined in the figure of the crowd, by Western observers whose own difference literally singles them out. It focuses on the figure of ... More


An intellectual history of British social policy: Idealism versus non-idealism

John Offer

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345318
eISBN:
9781447301455
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345318.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Drawing on recent historical research, the book reconsiders and challenges many long-held beliefs about the ‘evolution’ of social policy; presents a wide-ranging reappraisal of links between social ... More


Hobbes as Possessive Individualist

Jules Townshen

in C. B. Macpherson and the Problem of Liberal Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9781853312137
eISBN:
9780748671953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781853312137.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter analyzes Macpherson's treatment of Hobbes. It discusses Macpherson's initial attempt to correlate Hobbes' thought with the rise of capitalism in 1945; Macpherson's interpretation of ... More


Shock Modernism: Blast and the Radical Politics of Vorticism

Deaglán Ó Donghaile

in Blasted Literature: Victorian Political Fiction and the Shock of Modernism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640676
eISBN:
9780748651689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640676.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter discusses Blast, which is a journal where the individualist politics of anarchism were combined with an ‘exploding’ oppositional ideology of art and the radical politics of Vorticism. It ... More


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