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Adaptive Diversification Due to Predator-Prey Interactions

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses adaptive diversification due to predator–prey interactions. It has long been recognized that consumption, that is, predation, can not only exert strong selection pressure on ... More


Population ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches in population ecology. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical sections, and ends ... More


Adaptive Individuals and Population Ecology

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of adaptive trade-off behaviors, which are common in natural systems and probably often important, as illustrated by the large body of research that has used ... More


Conclusions and Outlook

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter summarizes the key characteristics of the approach for modeling, studying, and understanding populations and communities of adaptive individuals described here, and outlines the lessons ... More


Modelling spatial dynamics

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter provides an introduction to a set of theoretical and numerical models that have been developed for this purpose. Spatial dynamic models are presented in three integral parts: modelling ... More


Disease Modeling

Johannes Foufopoulos, Gary A. Wobeser, and Hamish McCallum

in Infectious Disease Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780199583508
eISBN:
9780191867019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199583508.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Mathematical models are essential components of the toolbox of any disease ecologist. They should be used as an integral part of any investigation into the impact and management of infectious disease ... More


Robustness Analysis and Idealization

Michael Weisberg

in Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933662
eISBN:
9780199333004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

When theorists are confronted with highly idealized models of phenomena, they require a method for determining which aspects of their models make trustworthy predictions or can reliably be used in ... More


Demographic processes in socially structured populations

Maria Paniw, Gabriele Cozzi, Stefan Sommer, and Arpat Ozgul

in Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198838609
eISBN:
9780191874789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838609.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

In socially structured animal populations, vital rates such as survival and reproduction, are affected by complex interactions among individuals of different social ranks and among social groups. Due ... More


Building Model Credibility

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter assesses how state- and prediction-based theory (SPT), as a nontraditional approach to modeling adaptive behavior embedded in a nontraditional population modeling approach, faces a ... More


Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This book presents an integrative approach tomathematical and statistical modelling in ecology and evolutionary biology. After an introductory chapter, the book devotes one chapter for movement ... More


Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Agent-Based Technologies for Modeling and Simulating Social and Ecological Phenomena

H. Randy Gimblett

in Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Agent-Based Modeling Techniques for Understanding Social and Ecological Processes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195143362
eISBN:
9780197561812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195143362.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

To acquire a more thorough understanding of the complexity of natural systems, researchers have sought the assistance of advanced computer-based technologies in the development of integrated ... More


Guidance for Using State-and Prediction-Based Theory

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter outlines the guidance on using state- and prediction-based theory (SPT) to build models of populations and communities of adaptive individuals, detailing five steps unique to SPT. The ... More


Testing and Refining State-and Prediction-Based Theory

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter highlights the importance of testing and refining the behavior theory in individual-based models (IBMs). Establishing a model's credibility is not the only reason to test theory for ... More


Community ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches in community ecology. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical sections, and ends ... More


Introduction to State-and Prediction-Based Theory

Steven F. Railsback and Bret C. Harvey (eds)

in Modeling Populations of Adaptive Individuals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691195285
eISBN:
9780691195377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195285.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the state- and prediction-based theory (SPT) and its use in individual-based models (IBMs). The fundamental concept of modern theory in behavioral ecology is that behavior acts ... More


Summary and Perspectives

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter starts with a discussion of some common criticisms of the artificial chemistry approach to modeling systems. It turns out that “opaque thought experiments” are an answer to some of them. ... More


In the wake of buzzards: from modelling to conservation and management in a changing landscape

Eduardo Arraut, David W. Macdonald, and Robert E. Kenward

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2: Conflict in the countryside

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745501
eISBN:
9780191821776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745501.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

After 600 years of persecution, during which dramatic population fluctuations occurred, common buzzards are increasing in abundance and recolonizing most of lowland UK. But recovery is bringing them ... More


Exponential growth of unstructured populations

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The number of reproductive units is expected to grow exponentially in the absence of regulating feedbacks. The lack of feedbacks is a definitive assumption of any model predicting exponential growth, ... More


The Evolution of Cooperation in an Ecological Context: An Agent-Based Model

John W. Pepper and Barbara B. Smuts

in Dynamics in Human and Primate Societies: Agent-Based Modeling of Social and Spatial Processes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131673
eISBN:
9780197561492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131673.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

The social and behavioral sciences have a long-standing interest in the factors that foster selfish (or individualistic) versus altruistic (or cooperative) behavior. Since the 1960s, evolutionary ... More


Movement ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches to study the ecology of movement. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical sections, ... More


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