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Measuring health inequality: challenges and new directions

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses two topics related to health inequalities: the measurement of health inequality and social inequalities as determinants of health status. It suggests an alternative framework ... More


Diving Deeper into Mechanism: Individual and Sex Differences in Testosterone Production, Sensitivity, and Genomic Responses

Kimberly A. Rosvall, Christine M. Bergeon Burns, and Mark P. Peterson

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

If we are to understand how hormone-mediated traits evolve, we need to examine the mechanisms underlying individual and sex differences in hormones and their effect on physiology, behavior, and ... More


The Development of Life History Strategies: Toward a Multi-Stage Theory

Marco Del Giudice and Jay Belsky

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

The development of individual differences has always been a primary focus of psychological research, and it continues to be an intensely debated topic to this day. Three issues in particular stand ... More


Twin, Adoption, and Family Methods as Approaches to the Evolution of Individual Differences

Nancy L. Segal

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

Individual differences in behavior have been of great concern to behavioral geneticists whose interests span a wide range of phenotypes. Individual behavioral variation has, however, received less ... More


Individuals and populations

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of individual variations in health, identifying the genetic and social determinants of diversity. It then considers variation between populations and the ... More


Individual Variation and Selection on Hormone-Mediated Phenotypes in Male and Female Dark-Eyed Juncos

Kristal Cain, Jodie M. Jawor, and Joel W. McGlothlin

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Much of our knowledge of hormones and life histories in animals derives from experimental studies. Complementing experiments with studies of natural (co)variation in hormones and hormone-mediated ... More


A Physiological View of Population Divergence: Comparing Hormone Production and Response Mechanisms

Christine M. Bergeon Burns and Kimberly A. Rosvall

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Coordinated expression of multiple traits by a hormone can promote an integrated phenotype. Such phenotypic integration can be adaptive if the traits mediated by hormones are most adaptive when ... More


Beyond the Shifting Balancing Theory

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents the results of crosses between beetles from high and low reproducing populations in relation to the fitness landscape of flour beetle laboratory populations. The chapter ... More


Biology, ecology, and reproduction of American mink Neovison vison on lowland farmland

David W. Macdonald, Lauren A. Harrington, Nobuyuki Yamaguchi, Michael D.F. Thom, and Joanna Bagniewska

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2: Conflict in the countryside

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745501
eISBN:
9780191821776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745501.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

The American mink is a predatory, semi-aquatic, medium-sized member of the Mustelidae—it is an invasive species in the UK, and common on rivers that flow through lowland farmland (in areas where it ... More


Methodological Aspects of Cross-Cultural Research

Fons J. R. van de Vijver

in Handbook of Advances in Culture and Psychology, Volume 5

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190218966
eISBN:
9780190274474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190218966.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The dual ancestry of cross-cultural research methods is described, rooted in both experimental, quantitative psychology and qualitative ethnography and anthropology. These disciplines have worked ... More


Commentary: Personalization

Peggy J. Miller and Grace E. Cho

in Self-Esteem in Time and Place: How American Families Imagine, Enact, and Personalize a Cultural Ideal

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199959723
eISBN:
9780190698898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199959723.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chapter 12, “Commentary: Personalization,” discusses the process of personalization, based on the portraits presented in Chapters 8–11. Personalization is not just a matter of individual variation; ... More


Overview and outlook

Chris Cummins

in Constraints on Numerical Expressions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687909
eISBN:
9780191767326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687909.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This concluding chapter briefly summarizes what has gone before, looks at the evidential basis for the constraint-based model, and discusses some potential avenues for development of the kind of ... More


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