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Non‐Finite Complementation

Nikolas Gisborne

in The Event Structure of Perception Verbs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577798
eISBN:
9780191722417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577798.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is concerned with the non‐finite complementation of hear‐class verbs in structures such as we saw her cross the road. These structures present a number of theoretical challenges which ... More


Research on Implicit Motives Across Cultures

Jan Hofer

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The chapter illustrates the methodological and substantial progress that has been made in cross-cultural studies on implicit motives. After introducing a multiculture and multivariate approach in ... More


The individual and the social level in public health

Michael P Kelly

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter identifies two distinct analytic levels — the ‘individual’ and the ‘social’ — for defining and explaining individual disease outcomes and population patterns of health and disease. It ... More


Comparative Experimental Evidence from Machiguenga, Mapuche, Huinca, and American Populations

Joseph Henrich and Natalie Smith

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Experimental results are reported from Ultimatum and Public Goods Games performed among the Machiguenga of the Peruvian Amazon, the Mapuche and Huinca of southern Chile, and US control groups in Los ... More


Ecological Studies

Thomas D. Koepsell and Noel S. Weiss

in Epidemiologic Methods: Studying the Occurrence of Illness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150780
eISBN:
9780199865161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150780.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses ecological studies, which examine exposure-disease associations among groups of people. In other words, they seek to determine how the frequency of exposure in each of several ... More


Measuring health inequality: challenges and new directions

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses two topics related to health inequalities: the measurement of health inequality and social inequalities as determinants of health status. It suggests an alternative framework ... More


Informal Political Engagement in Europe, 1975–2007

David Sanders and Paolo Bellucci

in Citizens and the European Polity: Mass Attitudes Towards the European and National Polities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199602339
eISBN:
9780199949908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602339.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on European citizens’ informal engagement with politics by considering the extent to which they discuss politics with other people and/or attempt to persuade them to change their ... More


Levels and sources of regime support in democracies and autocracies

Marlene Mauk

in Citizen Support for Democratic and Autocratic Regimes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854852
eISBN:
9780191888960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854852.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents the results of the empirical analysis of levels and sources of citizen support for democratic and autocratic regimes. The analysis proceeds in three steps. First, it compares ... More


Eastern Institutions and the English Trade

Emily Erikson

in Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company, 1600-1757

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159065
eISBN:
9781400850334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159065.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter presents systematic evidence that decentralized, commercially sophisticated ports were preferred by the English Company. The data on Company trading voyages show that they spent more ... More


What Values Can (and Cannot) Tell Us About Individuals, Society, and Culture

Ronald Fischer

in Advances in Culture and Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199336715
eISBN:
9780190255794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199336715.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses value processes operating at individual and country-level. First, it reviews evidence that individual-level values are more clearly organized in economically advanced ... More


Content and Form: Some Considerations on Greek Festivals and Archaeology

J. Rasmus Brandt

in Greek and Roman Festivals: Content, Meaning, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696093
eISBN:
9780191745744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696093.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, Archaeology: Classical

What can the material culture of Greek sanctuaries tell us on the one hand about ritual activities and on the other about civic concerns, social customs, and phenomena from which such activities ... More


The Impact of the HIV Epidemic on U.S. Gay Male Communities

Jay P. Paul and Thomas J. Coates

in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities over the Lifespan: Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082319
eISBN:
9780199848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082319.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter talks about research findings and observations of methods in which the HIV epidemic has infected gay and bisexual individuals and communities, and public representations of ... More


Individual Level: Neighbors Saving Lives

Daniel P. Aldrich

in Black Wave: How Networks and Governance Shaped Japan’s 3/11 Disasters

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226638263
eISBN:
9780226638577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226638577.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 2 focuses on residents of Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima Prefectures, drawing on interviews with residents, NGO staff, and decision makers from across Tōhoku to understand both survival (and ... More


Sources of regime support in democracies and autocracies

Marlene Mauk

in Citizen Support for Democratic and Autocratic Regimes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854852
eISBN:
9780191888960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854852.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter develops an explanatory model of regime support applicable to both democracies and autocracies. The explanatory model includes both individual- and system-level determinants and ... More


China: Increasing Health Gaps in a Transitional Economy

YUANLI LIU, KEQIN RAO, TIMOTHY EVANS, YUDE CHEN, and WILLIAM C. HSIAO

in Challenging Inequities in Health: From Ethics to Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137408
eISBN:
9780199863983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

China's outstanding health achievements before the 1980s and rapid economic growth over the past decade are well documented. Less well known, however, is the impact of the transition from a socialist ... More


Positive Psychology: Where Did It Come from, Where Is It Going?

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and Jeanne Nakamura

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses the development of positive psychology, tracing its growth from 1999 to 2009. It then speculates on the future of positive psychology. In the United States, positive ... More


Donor, lender and research agencies’ response to the HIV crisis

Chris Simms

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0041
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The international donor community has long held that governments' failure to confront the HIV pandemic and take clear steps aimed at its prevention and control, are key to understanding the severity ... More


Organizational Performance Research in India: A Review and Future Research Agenda

Shailendra Singh and Vishal Gupta

in ICSSR Research Surveys and Explorations: Psychology of Organizations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199498864
eISBN:
9780190990619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199498864.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter presents a review of research in the area of organizational performance in India during the last decade, which has become a challenge for organizations and management researchers. The ... More


Epilogue: Jews and the American Religious Landscape

Uzi Rebhun

in Jews and the American Religious Landscape

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231178266
eISBN:
9780231541497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178266.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Epilogue synthesizes the entire analyses. It discusses the meanings of the observations in terms of the Jews’ vitality and particularity. En passant, it also glances at the American religious scene ... More


Individual-Level Consumption Taxes

Daniel S. Goldberg

in The Death of the Income Tax: A Progressive Consumption Tax and the Path to Fiscal Reform

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199948802
eISBN:
9780199345984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948802.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explains the methods by which a consumption tax could be achieved at the individual level. These methods are the consumed income tax and yield exemption, that is, the exclusion from tax ... More


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