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Freedom and Authority

Robin Archer

in Economic Democracy: The Politics of Feasible Socialism

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295389
eISBN:
9780191598722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295383.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Appeals to widely held values of individual freedom and equality in order to derive some basic principles of democracy. It also shows that these values constitute the moral basis of socialism. The ... More


 The Iron Rod and the Liahona: Authority and Radical Freedom

Terryl C. Givens

in People of Paradox: A History of Mormon Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167115
eISBN:
9780199785599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167115.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Mormon church is authoritarian, hierarchical, and rigid. Priesthood correlation and obedience are watchwords. Politics and individualism can collide. The Prophet is absolute spiritual leader. ... More


LIBERALISM AND GROUP IDENTITIES

Stephen Macedo

in Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253661
eISBN:
9780191601972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253668.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The essays in Part III of the book, on liberal constraints and traditionalist education, argue for a more regulatory conception of liberal education and emphasize the need for some controls over ... More


Liberalism and Illiberal Social Policy

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King argues that liberal democratic policies assume illiberal characteristics insofar as they violate what he views as two core principles of liberalism: equality of treatment and respect for ... More


The Argument for the Secret Constitution

George P. Fletcher

in Our Secret Constitution: How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156287
eISBN:
9780199872169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156285.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that the Civil War began with one set of purposes, and ended with another. The original motive for resisting Southern secession was preserving the Union, but the final goal was to ... More


Conclusion: The Limits of Consensus

Wendy L. Wall

in Inventing the "American Way": The Politics of Consensus from the New Deal to the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195329100
eISBN:
9780199870226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329100.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Most of those who invoked a unifying set of American values between the mid-1930s and the mid-1960s shared some common ground: they emphasized individual freedoms not majoritarian democracy and ... More


The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Gilles Saint-Paul

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The general assumption that social policy should be utilitarian—that society should be organized to yield the greatest level of welfare—leads inexorably to increased government interventions. ... More


Self-Governance and Cooperation

Robert H. Myers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256594
eISBN:
9780191698316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256594.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. It puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both ... More


Limits Of Utilitarianism As The Ethical Basis Of Publicaction *

Prasanta K. Pattanaik

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Though utilitarianism has been highly influential as a normative theory of public action, it has faced many searching criticisms throughout its history. In welfare economics, where the dominant ... More


Introduction

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This introductory chapter provides a background to the rise of paternalistic policies. The recent development of paternalism is not devoid of intellectual apparatus. Of all the social sciences, ... More


A conversation

Zoltan J. Acs

in Why Philanthropy Matters: How the Wealthy Give, and What It Means for Our Economic Well-Being

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148625
eISBN:
9781400846818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148625.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book examines the interplay between entrepreneurship and philanthropy, on the one hand, and wealth creation and opportunity, on the other. Using historical and institutional evidence, it traces ... More


The Talents

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter argues that the parable of the Talents is aimed at all people rather than at this or that particular group, as has often been argued in the literature. It points out that as in a number ... More


Liberty

Paul Spicker

in Liberty, equality, fraternity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348418
eISBN:
9781447302704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348418.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Liberty is commonly represented in terms of ‘negative’ and ‘positive’ approaches. Negative freedom refers mainly to freedom from restraint. The weaknesses in the idea of negative freedom point in the ... More


“Man against the State”: Community and Dissent

Fred Dallmayr

in Freedom and Solidarity: Toward New Beginnings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813165783
eISBN:
9780813165813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165783.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 6 examines some variations and examples of conflicts between community and freedom, starting from the glorification of radical self-interest in social Darwinism and proceeding to more ... More


The right to give

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0014
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This concluding chapter provides some interpretative comment on the responses of the voluntary blood donors recorded in the preceding chapter and relates certain issues of principle and practice ... More


Liberalism, Scepticism, and Democracy

JOSEPH RAZ

in Ethics in the Public Domain: Essays in the Morality of Law and Politics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260691
eISBN:
9780191682148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260691.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers liberalism, scepticism, and democracy. It starts by criticizing the view that moral scepticism or moral fallibility provides an important moral foundation for respecting ... More


Classical Liberals in the Civil Rights Era: 1946–1964

Jonathan Bean

in Race and Liberty in America: The Essential Reader

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125459
eISBN:
9780813135205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125459.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

During the civil rights era, federal courts ruled various forms of segregation unconstitutional, thus infuriating southern conservatives. A Republican Senate refused to seat a notorious racist, and ... More


The Paradoxes of State Building

Florian Schui

in Rebellious Prussians: Urban Political Culture under Frederick the Great and his Successors

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199593965
eISBN:
9780191750724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593965.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter explores how the process of state building in Prussia changed the life of urban dwellers and how this resulted in the development of urban civil society. The Prussian state became more ... More


Love and Democracy

Eric T. Freyfogle

in Agrarianism and the Good Society: Land, Culture, Conflict, and Hope

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124391
eISBN:
9780813134888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124391.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter uses Wendell Berry's 2000 Novel Jayber Crow, to describe the challenges involved in living ethically within a small agrarian community. As responsible members of the community, Jayber ... More


Mitchel’s Hunger

CHRISTOPHER MORASH

in Writing the Irish Famine

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198182795
eISBN:
9780191673887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198182795.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

‘The torture of Tantalus’ was how William Drennan described the view of ‘the world's progressive lot’ from Famine Ireland: close enough to see the parade of progress, but not close enough to join the ... More


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