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The Biology of Homosexuality

Jacques Balthazart

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This book presents a simple description of the biological mechanisms that are involved in the determination of sexual orientation in animals and also presumably in humans. Using scientific studies ... More


Luck Egalitarianism and Group Responsibility 1

Kasper Lippert‐Rasmussen

in Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Luck egalitarianism is often formulated as the view that it is in itself bad for some to be worse off than others through no fault or choice of their own. This formulation is ambiguous in various ... More


Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Matthew Adler

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book addresses a range of relevant theoretical issues, including the possibility of an interpersonally comparable measure of well-being, or “utility” metric; the moral value of equality, and how ... More


Faith and Politics

Jytte Klausen

in The Islamic Challenge: Politics and Religion in Western Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199231980
eISBN:
9780191696534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231980.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There has been a lack of concrete ideas about how to integrate Islam in Europe, in part because for decades no serious thought was given to the question. Since September, 11, 2001, however, security ... More


Equality, risk and responsibility: Dworkin on the insurance market

Chris Armstrong

in Rethinking Equality: The Challenge of Equal Citizenship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069246
eISBN:
9781781701287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069246.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Ronald Dworkin's egalitarian theory and the resonances between liberal equality and the neoliberal conception of active citizenship. It looks at Dworkin's account of equality ... More


Bounded Choice: Cult Formation and the Development of the True Believer

Janja A. Lalich

in Bounded Choice: True Believers and Charismatic Cults

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231948
eISBN:
9780520937512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231948.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter reviews the theoretical foundations of the bounded choice theory and suggests its relevance to ongoing research on cults, the true-believer mentality, and to other manifestations of ... More


A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought

Michael Frede

Halszka Osmolska (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268487
eISBN:
9780520948372
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268487.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Where does the notion of free will come from? How and when did it develop, and what did that development involve? In this book's account of the history of this idea, the notion of a free will emerged ... More


Is Healthcare Special?

Gordon Moore, John A. Quelch, and Emily Boudreau

in Choice Matters: How Healthcare Consumers Make Decisions (and Why Clinicians and Managers Should Care)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190886134
eISBN:
9780190886165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886134.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 2 asks the critical question of whether healthcare is different from other consumer-driven markets. In the past, many pushed back on the notion that healthcare could be a consumer-driven ... More


The Clarity in the Anger

Rita M. Gross

in A Garland of Feminist Reflections: Forty Years of Religious Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520255852
eISBN:
9780520943667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255852.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter describes how as per Buddhist ideology, all beings are equal, in the sense that they share the same basic nature, whether they are friends or enemies. Sharing the same basic nature is ... More


Morningside Revisited

Linn Posey-Maddox

in When Middle-Class Parents Choose Urban Schools: Class, Race, and the Challenge of Equity in Public Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226120188
eISBN:
9780226120355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226120355.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter explores the sustainability of “free-market diversity” in urban education—diversity based upon individual choices rather than explicit policies. Based upon follow-up research, the ... More


Innovation by demand? An introduction

Andrew McMeekin, Ken Green, Tomlinson Mark, and Vivien Walsh

in Innovation By Demand: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Demand and its Role in Innovation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062674
eISBN:
9781781700273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062674.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book offers broad conceptual overviews of ways that the sociological and economics literatures address issues of innovation, demand, and consumption. It looks at the sociological literature on ... More


From Village to City: Hinduism and the “Hindu Caste System”

Nathaniel Roberts

in Handbook of Religion and the Asian City: Aspiration and Urbanization in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520281226
eISBN:
9780520961081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281226.003.0013
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the village within the context of Hinduism and the Hindu caste system in India. M. N. Srinivas argued that “if and when caste disappears, Hinduism will also disappear.” Writing ... More


Justice, Liberty, and the Choice of Health-System Structure

Paul T. Menzel

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers what have been assumed to be irreconcilable conflicts between different types of health care systems—specifically, between the values of individual choice and responsibility on ... More


The abuse of older people

Angie Ash

in Safeguarding older people from abuse: Critical contexts to policy and practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447305668
eISBN:
9781447311683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305668.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter traces the ‘naming of elder abuse’ as a social problem in the UK and internationally. It considers definitions of abuse, and findings of some international research on the prevalence and ... More


Conclusion

Marc L. Moskowitz

in Go Nation: Chinese Masculinities and the Game of Weiqi in China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520276314
eISBN:
9780520956933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276314.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

A good deal of the book is dedicated to the grueling discipline necessary to be a successful Weiqi player. The conclusion takes a step back to examine what happens when someone is prevented from ... More


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