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Aspirations, Poverty, and Economic Change

Debraj Ray

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0028
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay discusses a particular aspect of poverty: its close and brutal association with a failure of aspirations. This is not an assertion about individuals who are poor; it is a statement about ... More


Modelling Context and Heterogeneity: Applying Multilevel Models

Kelvyn Jones and Craig Duncan

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Extending the basic regression model to incorporate data at different levels of aggregation, which allows researchers to model individual behaviour within contexts and allow relationships to vary ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Hans‐Peter Kohler

in Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Summarizes the main findings and discusses how social interactions can be used to extend the rational and individual‐centred approach of economists with social norms, bounded rationality, social ... More


The Imperfect Knowledge Imperative in Modern Macroeconomics and Finance Theory

Roman Frydman and Michael D. Goldberg

in Rethinking Expectations: The Way Forward for Macroeconomics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155234
eISBN:
9781400846450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155234.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the imperfect knowledge imperative in modern macroeconomics and finance theory. It argues that the Rational Expectations Hypothesis (REH) has nothing to do with how even ... More


Behavior Between People: Emphasizing the “Act” in Interaction

Christopher R. Agnew and Janice R. Kelly

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Behaviors involving others, whether in their initiation, their enactment, or their consequences, are of particular interest to social psychologists. Not surprisingly, behaviors featuring the ... More


Behavior

Marc J. Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael R. Reich

in Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes methods for changing individual behavior through population-based interventions. The main concern is how behavior can be used to improve health-system performance and promote ... More


Traders and Their Theories

Mark Fenton-O'Creevy, Nigel Nicholson, Emma Soane, and Paul Willman

in Traders: Risks, Decisions, and Management in Financial Markets

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269488
eISBN:
9780191699405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269488.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Organization Studies

Professional traders in financial markets are generally aware of the finance theory that uses powerful analytical tools to model the operations of financial markets and the set of practitioner ... More


Mobbing: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

Maureen Duffy and Len Sperry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195380019
eISBN:
9780199932764
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380019.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book is about mobbing—a form of interpersonal abuse that occurs in all of the major institutions and organizations of human life—school, work, religious organizations, the legal system, and in ... More


Rights Beyond Borders: The Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China

Rosemary Foot

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297765
eISBN:
9780191599279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297769.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Over the five decades since the establishment of the UN Charter and Universal Declaration of Human Rights, human rights issues have become a dominant feature of the international system, embracing ... More


Neighborhoods and Health: An Overview

Sally Macintyre and Anne Ellaway

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195138382
eISBN:
9780199865505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of research on neighborhoods and health. Interest in the effects of the local environment on human health began some 2,500 years ago and reached its peak during the ... More


Attention in the Social World

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The social world consists of many institutions in which the ability to regulate our individual behavior in accordance with social demands is of paramount importance. This chapter examines some of the ... More


Different Quality Paradigms and their Implications for Organizational Learning

Robert E. Cole

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter focuses on organizational learning. The chapter stresses that the importance the organization itself may be said to learn is by identifying the best operational practices, standardizing ... More


The Evidence Base for Clinical Prevention: An Incomplete Story

Robert B. Wallace

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter I provide an overview of the nature and completeness of scientific evidence for clinical preventive interventions. While great strides have been made in disease prevention, there are ... More


Psychological Literacy Goals in Psychology Teaching in Russian Education

Victor Karandashev

in The Psychologically Literate Citizen: Foundations and Global Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794942
eISBN:
9780199914500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794942.003.0055
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter starts with a brief historical overview of psychology undergraduate education in Russia, comparing the professionally oriented undergraduate programs typical for Russia as well as for ... More


Population consequences of individual variation in behaviour

Fanie Pelletier and Dany Garant

in Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the potential interplay between behavioural phenotypes and population processes by illustrating how human-induced environmental changes can promote these feedbacks. It presents ... More


Citizenship, conduct and conditionality: sanction and support in the 21st-century UK welfare state

Peter Dwyer

in Social Policy Review 28: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2016

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447331797
eISBN:
9781447332589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447331797.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter shows how the evil giant of ‘idleness’ has returned in the political debate, but with new features. In the current age, the welfare state is no longer considered as a solution for ... More


Individual Decision and Social Order

Jörg Rüpke

in On Roman Religion: Lived Religion and the Individual in Ancient Rome

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501704703
eISBN:
9781501706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704703.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter looks at examples of individual interpretations of traditional priestly roles from the third until the first century BC. There was innovative behavior not only on the part of the ... More


Multi-Level Governance: An Overview

Sona N. Golder, Ignacio Lago, André Blais, Elisabeth Gidengil, and Thomas Gschwend

in Multi-Level Electoral Politics: Beyond the Second-Order Election Model

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198791539
eISBN:
9780191833915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791539.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The existing framework for explaining variation in voter turnout and vote choice across multiple levels of government is more useful for addressing aggregate patterns than for addressing micro-level ... More


Emerging Technologies and Next-Generation Intensive Longitudinal Data Collection

Sarah M. Nusser, Stephen S. Intille, and Ranjan Maitra

in Models for Intensive Longitudinal Data

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195173444
eISBN:
9780199847051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173444.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter considers newly emerging measurement technologies for intensive monitoring of individual behaviors and physiological responses in a wide array of settings. The goal is to introduce the ... More


Sir Keith Joseph and the cycle speech

John Welshman

in From transmitted deprivation to social exclusion: Policy, poverty, and parenting

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348357
eISBN:
9781447302384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348357.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter explores the cycle of deprivation speech, aiming to understand its content and immediate origins. It examines the drafting of the speech within the DHSS; the content of the speech ... More


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