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Natural law

Annabel S. Brett

in Changes of State: Nature and the Limits of the City in Early Modern Natural Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141930
eISBN:
9781400838622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141930.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter explores the concept of natural law, turning first to the Protestant milieu. Alterity—what would in the seventeenth century come to be theorized, and problematized, as “sociability”—is ... More


“The American Prayer”: Islamic Obligation and Discursive Individualism

John O'Brien

in Keeping It Halal: The Everyday Lives of Muslim American Teenage Boys

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691197111
eISBN:
9781400888696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691197111.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter details the everyday practices used by the Legendz and their friends to manage a specific cultural dilemma faced by Muslim American youth: how to participate in a religious tradition ... More


Decentralizing Control and Naturalizing Cosmic Agency: Bodily Conformism and Individualism

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines fourth-century BCE writings that address bodily conformism at a more universal level. Zhuangzi in particular spoke of spiritual attainment in terms of the relatively ... More


Individuals in International Relations

Peter Hägel

in Billionaires in World Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198852711
eISBN:
9780191887079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852711.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 2 reviews how International Relations (IR) scholarship has been treating individual agency, especially within the dominant theoretical frameworks, Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism. ... More


Two Prongs of the Debate: Bodily Agencies vs. Claims for Institutional Controls

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines debates about xing dating from the third and second centuries BCE. These debates generally presented two basic orientations on human agency: “internal,” individualistic ... More


Individual Agency and Universal, Centralized Authority in Early Mohist Writings

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the early Mohist rhetoric on upward conformity to ascertain their views on the limits and parameters of individual agency and autonomous decision-making powers. By exploring ... More


Who Rebuilds? Local Roles in Rebuilding Shattered Societies

Susan H. Allen

in Rethinking Humanitarian Intervention in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474423816
eISBN:
9781474435314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474423816.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The focus in this chapter is on local roles and local-international partnerships in recovery from disaster in shattered societies. The chapter does not discount the roles that external actors can ... More


When Soldiers “Snap”

Neta C. Crawford

in Accountability for Killing: Moral Responsibility for Collateral Damage in America's Post-9/11 Wars

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199981724
eISBN:
9780199369942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981724.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, American Politics

This chapter examines cases where the members of the US military have gone against their orders and deliberately killed civilians. These are atrocities and war crimes on the assumption that the ... More


The development of individual agency

Carolus van Nijnatten

in Children's agency, children's welfare: A dialogical approach to child development, policy and practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424891
eISBN:
9781447301837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424891.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter covers the process of entering into human society, which all children undergo. It also investigates how the individual agency of children arises through interaction with caretakers. ... More


Düzgün’s Case for a Religion of Freedom

Taraneh R. Wilkinson

in Dialectical Encounters: Contemporary Turkish Muslim Thought in Dialogue

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474441537
eISBN:
9781474464871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441537.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter takes up the work of Ankara theologian and kalam scholar Şaban Ali Düzgün, treating his Muslim understanding of fitra, or primal human nature and how he uses this Islamic concept to ... More


Servants of the Self and Empire: Institutionally Controlled Individualism at the Dawn of a New Era

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines writings from the third through second centuries BCE that idealize both the natural, internal sources of authority and institutional, external controls in society. By adapting ... More


The Violence of Care: Pity and Compassion, Patronage and Repression

Felicity Aulino

in Rituals of Care: Karmic Politics in an Aging Thailand

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739729
eISBN:
9781501739743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739729.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses questions of structural violence and stasis in relation to the hierarchy and habituation in various forms of care. In many powerful analyses, structural violence is the term ... More


Centralizing Control: The Politics of Bodily Conformism

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

In recent years, scholars have begun focusing on the relationships among the body, space, and the cosmic ideal of spiritual attainment in early China. This chapter adds to these seminal accounts by ... More


Conclusion

Erica Fox Brindley

in Individualism in Early China: Human Agency and the Self in Thought and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833862
eISBN:
9780824870768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833862.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This concluding chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. This book outlined a variety of beliefs that support the power and agency of the individual in one way or another, as ... More


Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together

Michael E. Bratman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199897933
eISBN:
9780199351930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897933.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Political Philosophy

Human beings act together in characteristic ways; and these forms of shared activity matter to us a great deal. Think of friendship, singing duets, dancing together, and the joys of conversation. And ... More


The Political Agency of Billionaires

Peter Hägel

in Billionaires in World Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198852711
eISBN:
9780191887079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852711.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 4 develops arguments and hypotheses about the political agency of billionaires, in terms of capacities, goals, and power. It draws upon insights from the “structure-agency” discussion and the ... More


Command Responsibility, Due Care, and Moral Courage

Neta C. Crawford

in Accountability for Killing: Moral Responsibility for Collateral Damage in America's Post-9/11 Wars

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199981724
eISBN:
9780199369942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981724.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, American Politics

This chapter outlines the legal doctrine of command responsibility and continues to explore the overlapping terrain of individual and group responsibility. Focusing on the role of military and top ... More


The Religious Life in Hellenistic Phoenicia: ‘Middle Ground’ and New Agencies

Corinne Bonnet

in The Individual in the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674503
eISBN:
9780191752407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674503.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter focuses on intercultural exchange as a further dimension of cultural practices. Fluidity and individual agency are added as important concepts. The chapter sharply criticises any ... More


Introduction

Annika Thiem

in Unbecoming Subjects: Judith Butler, Moral Philosophy, and Critical Responsibility

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228980
eISBN:
9780823235865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228980.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Living with others as people do, this question also means how to live well given the social circumstances people find themselves in. Moral and ethical codes as part of social ... More


Analytical Conclusion

Peter Hägel

in Billionaires in World Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198852711
eISBN:
9780191887079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852711.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 8 evaluates the prior findings in order to address three major questions. First, is it more appropriate to see billionaires as “super-actors,” or as a global “super-class”? It finds limited ... More


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