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Community ecology meets epidemiology: the case of Lyme disease

Richard Ostfeld, Felicia Keesing, and Katheleen Lo Giudice

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

A single case of Lyme disease involves at least six species: the human patient, the bacterial pathogen, the tick vector, and a vertebrate host for each of the three blood-feeding life stages of the ... More


Constructing a Supranational Constitution

Alec Stone Sweet

in Governing with Judges: Constitutional Politics in Europe

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198297710
eISBN:
9780191601095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297718.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The sources and consequences of constructing a supranational constitution in Europe are traced. The relationship between private litigants, national judges, and the European Court of Justice has been ... More


What We Have Learned? Directions for Future Research and Policy

Joanne Savage

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter integrates what was learned from the chapters of the book with the scholarly literature and propose suggestions for future research and policy. The chapter encourages future researchers ... More


Subtidal Kelp-Associated Communities off the Temperate Chilean Coast

José M. Fariña, Alvaro T. Palma, and F. Patricio Ojeda

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter describes the oceanography, biogeography, and the important role that the El Niño cycle plays in Chilean kelp forest ecology. The structure of the food web from primary producers to ... More


Causal Inference in Perinatal Epidemiology: Revisiting the Birth Weight Paradox

Enrique F. Schisterman and Robert W. Platt

in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195387902
eISBN:
9780199895328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.003.0082
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Does smoking cause neonatal mortality? Understanding causation is essential to inform the creation of effective interventions aimed at improving human health. Causal diagrams in the form of directed ... More


The effects of others’ genes: maternal and other indirect genetic effects

Andrew G. McAdam, Dany Garant, and Alastair J. Wilson

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

An individual’s phenotype may frequently be affected by the phenotypes (and hence genotypes) of other individuals with whom it interacts. Phenotypic effects that are caused by the genotype of another ... More


The Theory of Multilevel Selection

Charles Goodnight

in The Theory of Evolution: Principles, Concepts, and Assumptions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226671024
eISBN:
9780226671338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226671338.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the modeling of multilevel selection (MLS) – and the related concepts of group selection and kin selection – using variance partitioning methods, using the Price equation to ... More


Breathlessness in advanced cancer

Deborah Dudgeon

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Dyspnoea is a common symptom in patients with cancer, but it is often overlooked. Breathlessness can significantly increase morbidity in patients with advanced diseases. Dyspnoea is chronic with ... More


Species interactions in ecological networks

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores ecological networks and their properties. Ecological networks summarize the many potential interactions between species within a community by representing species as nodes in ... More


Loyalty and the Constitutionalization of EU Law

Marcus Klamert

in The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199683123
eISBN:
9780191763182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683123.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter 3 explains how loyalty has in general had a slow and delayed reception in the literature, and how this has only changed by the increased attention it has received in the fields of external ... More


The quantitative genetic theory of parental effects

Jarrod Hadfield

in The Evolution of Parental Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692576
eISBN:
9780191774737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692576.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides a tutorial-style review of quantitative genetic models involving parental effects, with special emphasis on the meaning of the selection parameters and how they should be ... More


Effectiveness, Judicial Protection, and Loyalty

Marcus Klamert

in The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199683123
eISBN:
9780191763182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683123.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter 6 starts by discussing the role of the principle of effectiveness as a means to ensure the effective judicial protection of Union citizens in exercising rights provided in Union law ... More


Do Televised Debates Affect Voting Behavior?: Evidence from the 2009, 2013, and 2017 German Federal Elections

Jürgen Maier, Michaela Maier, and Thorsten Faas

in The Changing German Voter

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780198847519
eISBN:
9780191882197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847519.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Although televised debates between party leaders nowadays are a staple of German electoral campaigns, their behavioral effects are still unclear. Based on quasi-experimental data for the 2009, 2013, ... More


On the (In)compatibility of Human Rights Discourse and Private Law

Hugh Collins

in Constitutionalization of European Private Law: XXII/2

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198712107
eISBN:
9780191780257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712107.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Having assessed the growing impact of human rights law on private law in many jurisdictions, the first question is how to best understand the constitutional relationship between public and private ... More


Applied Structural Equation Modeling for Cross-Cultural Comparison

Thanh V. Tran and Keith T. Chan

in Applied Cross-Cultural Data Analysis for Social Work

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780190888510
eISBN:
9780190888527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888510.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice, Communities and Organizations

In this chapter, we focus on the use of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to compare path models across two or more cultural groups. SEM can be used to test the goodness of fit of a causal model, as ... More


What Is Group Selection?

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In this chapter, the efficacy of group selection and the debates over it role, if any, in natural populations is discussed from the perspective of two different contexts. One debate is centered on ... More


Article 288 TFEU

Marcus Klamert and Paul-John Loewenthal

in The EU Treaties and the Charter of Fundamental Rights: A Commentary

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198794561
eISBN:
9780191927874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759393.003.432
Subject:
Law, EU Law

Article 249 EC To exercise the Union’s competences, the institutions shall adopt regulations, directives, decisions, recommendations and opinions.


General Principles of Law and Other Foundational Legal Concepts Potentially Arising in CARICOM and the OECS

David S Berry

in Caribbean Integration Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199670079
eISBN:
9780191749452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670079.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Comparative Law

Chapter 8 scrutinizes some of the general principles and other foundational legal concepts which exist in or may be derived from the RTC and RTB, including: conferral (attributed competence), direct ... More


Free Movement and Private Regulation

Mislav Mataija

in Private Regulation and the Internal Market: Sports, Legal Services, and Standard Setting in EU Economic Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198746652
eISBN:
9780191808937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746652.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Competition Law

Chapter II looks at the application of EU free movement rules to private regulation by the CJEU. It critically assesses the prevailing debate on these issues which focuses on an ill-defined notion of ... More


Associative Effects: Competition, Social Interactions, Group and Kin Selection

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The phenotypes of those individuals with which an focal individual interacts often influences the trait value in the focal individual. Maternal effects is a classic example of this phenomena, as is ... More


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