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Independent Entrepreneurs and Business Networks

Alan Burton-Jones

in Knowledge Capitalism: Business, Work, and Learning in the New Economy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296225
eISBN:
9780191685217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296225.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Strategy

Independent contractors require lower levels of firm-specific knowledge since independence in contracting is derived from the knowledge self-sufficiency of the contractor. By presenting this ... More


Truck Drivers: Challenging Misclassification

Scott L. Cummings

in An Equal Place: Lawyers in the Struggle for Los Angeles

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190215927
eISBN:
9780190936839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190215927.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter examines the monumental campaign to raise labor and environmental standards in the trucking industry at the Los Angeles and Long Beach ports. Building on the blue-green coalition ... More


Welfare Wars, Seventies Style

Eileen Boris and Jennifer Klein

in Caring for America: Home Health Workers in the Shadow of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195329117
eISBN:
9780199949496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329117.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter charts the emergence of the predominant forms of home care delivery that unions would have to confront for the rest of the century. The welfare wars that rocked the late 1960s and early ... More


The Building Blocks of Labour Law: Employee and Employer

Guy Davidov

in A Purposive Approach to Labour Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198759034
eISBN:
9780191818790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759034.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter contains an analysis of the basic concepts used around the world to set the scope of labour law. It includes three separate discussions. The first part focuses on the ... More


The Contemporary Camming Market: Moral Entrepreneurs, Sex Entrepreneurs, and Cam Models

Angela Jones

in Camming: Money, Power, and Pleasure in the Sex Work Industry

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479842964
eISBN:
9781479829422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479842964.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Cam models are independent contractors, but they are not free agents in an open capitalist market. Instead, cam models work in a global network of pornographic industries, which sex entrepreneurs own ... More


Primacy of Reality

Gamonal C. Sergio and César F. Rosado Marzán

in Principled Labor Law: U.S. Labor Law through a Latin American Method

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190052669
eISBN:
9780190052690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052669.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Chapter 3 describes the principle of primacy of reality in Latin America, namely, in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay. The principle is also contained in the International Labor Organization’s ... More


The Gig Economy and Independent Contractors

Eric A. Posner

in How Antitrust Failed Workers

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197507629
eISBN:
9780197507650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197507629.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Employment Law

In recent years, a controversy has erupted over the distinction between employees and independent contractors. Commentators have argued that in the modern “gig economy,” many people traditionally ... More


Resisting the Port: Activism in Separate Spheres

Scott L. Cummings

in Blue and Green: The Drive for Justice at America's Port

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262036986
eISBN:
9780262343213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036986.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter charts the origins of the campaign for clean trucks, showing how activism around port expansion at the community level became intertwined with environmental challenges to pollution and ... More


The Fight for Labor Equity

Jennifer McClearen

in Fighting Visibility: Sports Media and Female Athletes in the UFC

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780252043734
eISBN:
9780252052637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043734.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

Chapter 5 delves into the unionization efforts by former UFC fighter Leslie Smith and the fighters’ association she cofounded, Project Spearhead. Smith has legally challenged the UFC’s classification ... More


Why “Sex Work” Cannot Be Understood as Just Another Form of “Work”

Flanigan Jessica

in Debating Sex Work

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190659882
eISBN:
9780190659929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190659882.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Watson critically engages with the often-repeated argument that “sex work is work like any other form of work.” Advocates of this argument rely upon it as a basis for either decriminalization or ... More


Introduction

Catherine L. Fisk

in Working Knowledge: Employee Innovation and the Rise of Corporate Intellectual Property, 1800-1930

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833025
eISBN:
9781469605333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899069_fisk.4
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This book begins with a discussion of the right of firms to the intellectual property produced by their employees, which is a foundation of the modern intellectual property regime, and of the ... More


Visibility and Difference in the UFC

Jennifer McClearen

in Fighting Visibility: Sports Media and Female Athletes in the UFC

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780252043734
eISBN:
9780252052637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043734.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

The introduction considers the increased visibility of female athletes in MMA--a phenomenon enabled by a 21st century media context that increasingly seeks out representations of difference, ... More


The structure of the NHS in the UK

Blánaid Daly, Paul Batchelor, Elizabeth Treasure, and Richard Watt

in Essential Dental Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199679379
eISBN:
9780191918353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199679379.003.0025
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

The National Health Service was created at the end of the Second World War. Its structure has remained relatively stable until the 1970s. Since then, politicians have continued to reform it at an ... More


Re-Casting the Casting Director: Managed Change, Gendered Labor

Erin Hill

in Making Media Work: Cultures of Management in the Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814764695
eISBN:
9780814724989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814764695.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter analyzes how the mentalities of Hollywood casting directors have shifted as the field has moved from above-the-line executive status to below-the-line independent contractor status in ... More


“The Dawn of a New Era”: Introducing Avon Products and a Depression-Proof Business Strategy

Katina Manko

in Ding Dong! Avon Calling!: The Women and Men of Avon Products, Incorporated

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190499822
eISBN:
9780190499853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499822.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Throughout the 1930s, the California Perfume Company expanded in both numbers of representatives and sales. It introduced the Avon brand of cosmetics and toiletries in 1929 and created new sales ... More


Low Pay, Great Recession (2001–2018)

Frank Stricker

in American Unemployment: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780252043154
eISBN:
9780252052033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043154.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Jobs recovered slowly under George W. Bush after the 2001 recession. Growth was boosted by easy credit and a housing boom, but the seeds of the Great Recession were being sown as working-class ... More


Conclusion: Whither Work?

Eric A. Posner

in How Antitrust Failed Workers

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197507629
eISBN:
9780197507650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197507629.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Employment Law

Many people are worried about the fragmentation of labor markets, as firms replace employees with independent contractors. Another common worry is that low-skill work, and ultimately nearly all forms ... More


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