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Thresholds of Opportunity and Barriers to Change in the Right‐Sizing of States

Ian S. Lustick

in Right-sizing the State: The Politics of Moving Borders

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244904
eISBN:
9780191600050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244901.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Ian S. Lustick asks how can and do states ‘down‐size’ themselves by shrinking the ambit of their authority —a contraction that may be defined as consociationalism, or as partition, or as some ... More


Dynasties and Democracy: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage in Japan

Daniel M. Smith

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605053
eISBN:
9781503606401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605053.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Democracy is supposed to be the antithesis of hereditary rule by family dynasties. And yet “democratic dynasties” continue to persist in democracies around the world. They have been conspicuously ... More


Candidacy

Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

in Democracy within Parties: Candidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572540
eISBN:
9780191723070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Candidacy tells us who is eligible to present himself/herself in the candidate selection process of a single political party at a particular point in time. The restrictions and requirements applied ... More


Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies

Calestous Juma

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467036
eISBN:
9780190627164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467036.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics, Political Economy

The rise of artificial intelligence has rekindled a long-standing debate on the impact of technology on employment. This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology signal both ... More


Party Competition in Indian States: Electoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity

Suhas Palshikar, K C Suri, and Yogendra Yadav (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198099178
eISBN:
9780199082988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The political storm that swept Indian politics in the 1990s consolidated the post-Congress polity, a condition in which the Indian National Congress was no longer in a position to set the national ... More


The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

David K. Twigg

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Hurricane Andrew ripped through Dade County, Florida, before dawn on August 24, 1992, with devastating effect. Andrew is considered one of only three Category 5 hurricanes to strike the U.S. mainland ... More


Introduction: Dynasties in Democracies

Daniel M. Smith

in Dynasties and Democracy: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage in Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605053
eISBN:
9781503606401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605053.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter introduces the puzzle of “democratic dynasties” and Japan’s unusually high level of dynastic politics compared to other democracies. The chapter briefly reviews the existing explanations ... More


A Comparative Theory of Dynastic Candidate Selection

Daniel M. Smith

in Dynasties and Democracy: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage in Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605053
eISBN:
9781503606401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605053.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter introduces a comparative theory of dynastic candidate selection based on a framework of supply and demand within the institutional contexts of electoral systems and candidate selection ... More


Election: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage

Daniel M. Smith

in Dynasties and Democracy: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage in Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605053
eISBN:
9781503606401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605053.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the inherited incumbency advantage in elections, the mechanisms behind the advantage, and how it differs in the prereform and postreform electoral environments of Japan. New ... More


Electoral Competition and the New Incumbency Advantage

Kathryn A. DePalo

in The Failure of Term Limits in Florida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813060484
eISBN:
9780813050744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060484.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter two assesses whether term limits have increased electoral competition. Forced turnover has facilitated more competition but only for open seat races. Legislators now effectively “own” their ... More


Disasters as Political Challenges

David K. Twigg

in The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

It is a well-documented phenomenon that incumbents are generally advantaged when running for reelection. Various anecdotes about the effects of disaster on elections and public officials indicate a ... More


Florida Legislators: Locally Elected State Officials

David K. Twigg

in The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Florida's legislators, elected from small districts, were well into the 1992 election cycle when Andrew struck. Primary races had focused on the September 1 election scheduled for eight days after ... More


The Kaleidoscope of Florida Politics

David K. Twigg

in The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Florida's legislative, gubernatorial, and cabinet incumbents have historically enjoyed strong reelection advantage. Florida's population grew substantially during the 20th century, shifting from ... More


Executive Branch Effects?

David K. Twigg

in The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1992, Florida's executive branch was headed by the governor and lieutenant governor ticket and by six separately elected cabinet members. Three cabinet members, the governor, and the lieutenant ... More


Andrew's First Cavalry: State Officials Respond

David K. Twigg

in The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As announced in chapter 4, three cabinet members, the governor, and the lieutenant governor were in office and about to seek reelection when Andrew struck. In the wake of the hurricane, incumbent ... More


In the Eye: Incumbents from Severely Damaged Cities

David K. Twigg

in The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Florida City and Homestead were entirely within the severe damage zone of Hurricane Andrew--the hurricane's eye wall. Devastation from the hurricane is most clearly associated with this area of the ... More


On the Edge: Incumbents from Less Severely Damaged Cities

David K. Twigg

in The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The city of South Miami and the village of Key Biscayne were the only municipalities located entirely within the moderate damage zone. Incumbents from this moderate damage zone had less reelection ... More


Out of the Eye: Incumbents from the Least Severely Damaged Cities

David K. Twigg

in The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Three cities located in the mild damage zone, Hialeah Gardens, Miami Springs, and West Miami were able to clear hurricane debris and return to normal in short order. With little damage, the northern ... More


Disasters as Political Challenges and Opportunities

David K. Twigg

in The Politics of Disaster: Tracking the Impact of Hurricane Andrew

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041889
eISBN:
9780813043890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041889.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In conclusion, incumbents' reelection efforts appear not to have been negatively impacted by Hurricane Andrew. Apparent effects are positive, if minimal. Time and distance reduced the hurricane's ... More


Do Stereotypes Shape Evaluations of Candidates?

Kathleen Dolan

in When Does Gender Matter?: Women Candidates and Gender Stereotypes in American Elections

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199968275
eISBN:
9780190201142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968275.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines whether voters employ gender stereotypes in their evaluations of women and men candidates. The analysis compares the abstract gender stereotypes voters hold with the specific ... More


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