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Willing Creation: The Yin and Yang of the Creative Life

Dean Keith Simonton

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the place of volition in the act of creation. Discussion of this issue raises something of a paradox. The human will has both a major role in creativity and a very minor role ... More


BREEDING BIOLOGY AND REPRODUCTIVE STRATEGY

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter summarizes the reproductive strategy of the House Sparrow. Although monogamy is the primary mating system of the species, significant rates of extra-pair fertilizations have been ... More


Parental Care: Incubation and Chick-Rearing

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on individual variation in parental care, the relationship between individual variation and maternal fitness, and the physiological mechanisms underlying this variation. For ... More


Adaptations: Developmental Physiology

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on how breeding birds must allocate their energy optimally between offspring and self-maintenance so that lifetime reproductive success is maximized. This requires an investment ... More


The Development and Evaluation of Tools for Creativity

Steven M. Smith, Andruid Kerne, Eunyee Koh, and Jami Shah

in Tools for Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381634
eISBN:
9780199870264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

An approach that can be taken for developing tools that are rooted in a scientific understanding of creative cognition is outlined, and described for one such tool, combinFormation. Cognitive ... More


The Case of General Edwin A. Walker

Jonathan M. Schoenwald

in A Time for Choosing: The Rise of Modern American Conservatism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195157260
eISBN:
9780199849390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157260.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In mid-1961, Robert Welch was the only official spokesman for the John Birch Society. However, its most prominent member was the dashing Major General Edwin A. Walker. He was officially “admonished” ... More


Typhus

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Typhus is caused by Rickettsia prowazeki, one of a distinct genus of organisms, and appears to be invariably louse-borne among human beings. Like dysentery, it appears wherever poverty, crowding, and ... More


Fine Fathers and Good Genes: The Direct and Indirect Benefits of Female Choice

Geoffrey E. Hill

in A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There are two potential payoffs for a female who mates with a highly ornamented male: resources for herself and her offspring and good genes for offspring. Male House Finches with brighter plumage ... More


Interrelated concepts in the epidemiology of disease: Natural history, spectrum, iceberg, population patterns, and screening

Raj S. Bhopal

in Concepts of Epidemiology: Integrating the ideas, theories, principles and methods of epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199543144
eISBN:
9780191723995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543144.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that understanding the interrelated concepts of the natural history, spectrum, population pattern, and iceberg of disease and their relation to screening is crucial to the ... More


Coda

Alicia Mireles Christoff

in Novel Relations: Victorian Fiction and British Psychoanalysis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691193106
eISBN:
9780691194202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691193106.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter discusses how much Victorian fiction and British psychoanalysis together teaches about relationality. It explains loneliness, wishfulness, restlessness, and aliveness as profoundly ... More


Temporal Factors in Epidemics: The Role of the Incubation Period

Ron Brookmeyer

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the effect of the incubation period of disease on temporal patterns in disease surveillance, focusing on three diseases with widely differing incubation periods: HIV/AIDS, ... More


Responding effectively to the HIV pandemic

Catherine Hankins, Chris Fontaine, and Michel Sidibe

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0049
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The HIV pandemic is an extraordinary kind of a crisis. It is both an emergency and a long-term development issue, and cannot be simply lumped together with the world's many emergencies. HIV is ... More


Mapping Postwar Historiography in Germany and Japan

Sebastian Conrad

in The Quest for the Lost Nation: Writing History in Germany and Japan in the American Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520259447
eISBN:
9780520945814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259447.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The postwar years up to 1960 were a period of stagnation in the history of historiography which is a best kind of preparatory period. Hans-Ulrich Wehler speaks explicitly of “peculiar 15 year ... More


Moscow: conflicting visions

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter takes a look at the conflicting opinions on how the anthrax epidemic started. It first describes the victims of the outbreak (mostly male, bachelors, and were usually mobile), and then ... More


Open Innovation: Academic and Practical Perspectives on the Journey from Idea to Market

Arthur B. Markman (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199374441
eISBN:
9780190609023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374441.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Many firms want to innovate, but have a hard time overcoming their corporate culture to allow them to develop and commercialize innovative ideas. This book brings together contributions from ... More


Sprague's Pipit Incubation Behavior

Stephen K. Davis and Teslin G. Holmes

in Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520273139
eISBN:
9780520954090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273139.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Understanding incubation patterns provides insight into the proximate and ultimate factors influencing this behavior. We used video recordings to quantify diurnal nest attentiveness during the ... More


Manifestation

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0019
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter reveals the patterns on a discernible band of cases in Chkalovskiy. It describes the research team's spot maps, which are compiled along with the interview data, conclusions from the ... More


Intuition, incubation, and insight: implicit cognition in problem solving

Jennifer Dorfman, Victor A. Shames, and John F. Kihlstrom

in Implicit Cognition

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523109
eISBN:
9780191688829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523109.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the stages of thought, the scope of implicit cognition, the role of intuitions in insight problem solving, the evidence for intuitions in insight problem solving, the role of ... More


Problem Solving

Bruce I. Blum

in Beyond Programming: To A New Era of Design

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195091601
eISBN:
9780197560662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195091601.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

I begin my exploration of ecological design by examining the nature of the individuals engaged in the design process. There are two principal concerns. ... More


Vertebrate Live-Bearers: The Borne and the Born

John C. Avise

in Evolutionary Perspectives on Pregnancy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160605
eISBN:
9780231531450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160605.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the reproduction mode, viviparity, among live-bearing vertebrates. Viviparity is the bringing forth of offspring that are first gestated internally by a female parent. All ... More


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