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Long‐Term Policy Regimes: Incrementalism Put in Context

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Policy outcomes are rather stable while politics in the short-term are in a state of flux — one which oscillates round long-term equilibrium point which is fairly stable within each country. Such ... More


The Internationalization of Trusteeship

William Bain

in Between Anarchy and Society: Trusteeship and the Obligations of Power

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199260263
eISBN:
9780191600975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260265.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Examines the internationalization of trusteeship as it arose in the context of British colonial administration in Africa, the Berlin and Brussels Conferences, and the experience of the Congo Free ... More


The Open Architecture of European Human Rights Law

Nico Krisch

in Beyond Constitutionalism: The Pluralist Structure of Postnational Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199228317
eISBN:
9780191594793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228317.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

Chapter 4 analyses the European human rights regime, often regarded as a prime example of constitutionalization beyond the state. At closer inspection, this description turns out to be misguided—the ... More


Incrementalism Adds Up?

Lawrence D. Brown

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0046
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that diminishing the scope of inequality in U.S. health care has little to do with comprehensive, enfolding policy that routs inequality. Rather, it has much to do with ... More


Policy

Robert Stevens

in Torts and Rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199211609
eISBN:
9780191705946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211609.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The range of reasons which a judge can employ in adjudicating a case is restricted. Judges lack the political jurisdiction and technical competence to employ all of the possible rational reasons ... More


Implementing the Republican Theory

John Braithwaite and Philip Pettit

in Not Just Deserts: A Republican Theory of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240563
eISBN:
9780191680205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240563.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter is the crucial one for the practical import of the theory. It argues that theories that can only provide a blueprint for a package of compatible reforms for all sub-systems of a system ... More


General Introduction

Hans Blokland

in Modernization and Its Political Consequences: Weber, Mannheim, and Schumpeter

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110814
eISBN:
9780300134827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110814.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter introduces the idea of modernization, which involve the core processes of rationalization, differentiation, and individualization. The discussion also touches upon the theory of ... More


A Macroscopic View of the Policy Process

Derek A. Epp

in The Structure of Policy Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter reviews scholarship that seeks to explain the policy process. It describes the theory of incrementalism—that information processing constraints cause policies to be updated only ... More


Evidence and the policy process

Sandra Nutley and Jeff Webb

in What works?: Evidence-based policy and practice in public services

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861341914
eISBN:
9781447304265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861341914.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter sets out the generic role of evidence as it relates to policy in the UK. It focuses on the policy process and emphasises the many influences that come together to make policy, of which ... More


Prolegomenon

John H. Barton

in International Law and the Future of Freedom

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804776691
eISBN:
9780804791083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804776691.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the shift of power to international organizations, the meaning of freedoms in a multilevel context, and the incrementalism through which the international order is being built ... More


The grassroots

Garth Myers

in Urban Environments in Africa: A Critical Analysis of Environmental Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447322917
eISBN:
9781447322931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447322917.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In this chapter, the goal is to work through the multi-vocality at the grassroots of Africa’s urban environments, in places like Pikine in Dakar, Kibera in Nairobi, or the Cape Flats in Cape Town. ... More


Mechanisms of policymaking

Janice Morphet

in How Europe shapes British public policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447300465
eISBN:
9781447310846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300465.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter reviews various approaches available to making and analyzing public policy. It considers these as mechanisms of policy making within an overall strategic context and reviews them against ... More


The Emergence of the New Era of Reform

Gunnar Almgren

in Health Care as a Right of Citizenship: The Continuing Evolution of Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231170130
eISBN:
9780231543316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170130.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter begins with a review of the efforts to reform health care in ways that would assure health care for all Americans, beginning with Progressive Era reforms in the early 1900’s through the ... More


How Decisions Are Made

Neil J. Smelser and John S. Reed

in Usable Social Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273566
eISBN:
9780520954144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273566.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The social-scientific preoccupation with decision making is interpreted, in part, as reflecting an American cultural emphasis on instrumentalism. Its confusion of meanings as a distinct phenomenon is ... More


Policy analysis and the policy process in Japanese government

Jun Iio

in Policy analysis in Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781847429841
eISBN:
9781447311515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429841.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The introduction or promotion of policy analysis in Japan has been conditioned by Japanese governmental structure and her typical policy process. Japanese government has a strong centrifugal ... More


Conclusion: Taking Transition Costs Seriously

Michael J. Trebilcock

in Dealing with Losers: The Political Economy of Policy Transitions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199370658
eISBN:
9780199370672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370658.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter argues that political leaders with a sensitivity to deep-seated cultural beliefs and historical development as well as an understanding of the currents and cadences of political ... More


Getting Beyond Neoliberalism: The Road to Radical Incrementalism

Sanford F. Schram

in The Return of Ordinary Capitalism: Neoliberalism, Precarity, Occupy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190253011
eISBN:
9780190253042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190253011.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines the issue of how to respond to the growing neoliberalization of the welfare state. The chapter makes the case that neoliberalism is hegemonic and there is nothing to be gained ... More


Contesting Elections: Women’s Candidacy for the Lok Sabha

Shirin M. Rai and Carole Spary

in Performing Representation: Women Members in the Indian Parliament

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780199489053
eISBN:
9780199093861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199489053.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The chapter argues that although women’s representation has increased in numerical terms over the last 20 years, this increase has been marginal. It traces this argument through an analysis of the ... More


Institutional Pluralism

Carmen E. Pavel

in Divided Sovereignty: International Institutions and the Limits of State Authority

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199376346
eISBN:
9780190203344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199376346.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What alternatives to global democracy are there? Chapter 6 proposes institutional pluralism as one candidate for imagining the structure of international institutions. It argues that we should ... More


Psychological Plausibility for Animal Ethics

T.J. Kasperbauer

in Subhuman: The Moral Psychology of Human Attitudes to Animals

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190695811
eISBN:
9780190695842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190695811.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines the ethical implications of the psychological processes discussed in chapters 2–5. It illustrates the range of views one can take on how psychological processes impact moral ... More


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