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Consistency and the Empirical Sciences

Graham Priest

in Doubt Truth to be a Liar

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199263288
eISBN:
9780191603631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263280.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the role of inconsistency in the empirical sciences. It distinguishes the various ways in which contradictions may occur in the corpus of science, and argues that while a ... More


The Negation Problem

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explores the difficult features of the negation problem for expressivism. The problem is outlined together with the set of tools available to expressivists in order to solve it. A-type ... More


Conclusion

Daniel H. Weiss

in Paradox and the Prophets: Hermann Cohen and the Indirect Communication of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895908
eISBN:
9780199949854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895908.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Having examined the purposes and functioning of Cohen’s style, the conclusion considers the philosophical implications of Cohen’s insistence that a performative reasoning through texts is necessary ... More


Composition and Logic

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows that once we have accepted the solution to the negation problem from Chapter 4, this leads immediately to solutions to analogous problems about conjunction and disjunction, and in ... More


Ethics and Economics

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The 19th‐century controversy about ‘the Adam Smith problem’ concerned an alleged inconsistency between the Moral Sentiments and The Wealth of Nations about the motivation of actions. Interesting ... More


The Effectiveness of Evaluation: What Other Psychological Abilities Affect Evaluation?

Peter Politser

in Neuroeconomics: A guide to the new science of making choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195305821
eISBN:
9780199867783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305821.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the alternative, behavioral economic models of evaluation. These models include diagnostic elements (differences in response to risk vs. ambiguity, attention to the chances of a ... More


Interrupting, Overlapping, Lying, Not Taking “No” for an Answer, and Representing Illegality Differently to Separate Targets in a Stolen Property Case: US v. Prakesh Patel and Daniel Houston

Roger W. Shuy

in Creating Language Crimes: How Law Enforcement Uses (and Misuses) Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195181661
eISBN:
9780199788477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181661.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter shows how being inconsistent when representing illegality in cases involving more than one target in the same alleged crime can damage a prosecution’s case. More important, however, is ... More


A Structural Inconsistency: The True Woman and the Breach-of-Promise Plaintiff

Saskia Lettmaier

in Broken Engagements: The Action for Breach of Promise of Marriage and the Feminine Ideal, 1800-1940

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199569977
eISBN:
9780191722066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569977.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter considers the wider implications of the infusion of mythologized femininity for the law, in particular for the position of plaintiffs. It suggests that the feminizing process imported a ... More


Breach of Promise in the High Victorian Period (1850–1900): The Inconsistency Unveiled, Pinchbeck Angels, and the Dominance of Satire

Saskia Lettmaier

in Broken Engagements: The Action for Breach of Promise of Marriage and the Feminine Ideal, 1800-1940

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199569977
eISBN:
9780191722066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569977.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter considers the high Victorian abandonment of the previously employed strategies of containment and the attendant exposure of the structural inconsistency. It demonstrates that as the ... More


Parsimony and phylogenetics in the genomic age

Victor A. Albert

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parsimony analysis (Ockham's razor) as a general method of inference has a long history, from the arguments of Copernicus against Ptolemy's heliocentric solar system, through Sir Farncis Crick's ... More


Other Paradoxes

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter discusses several paradoxes of denotation, and returns to paradoxes about properties, relations, and propositions. It also considers whether the notion of validity is bivalent, and ... More


Its Solution

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter employs the Basic Expressivist Maneuver to show how the negation problem can be solved, by appeal only to A-type inconsistency. To do so, expressivists must give up the idea that ... More


South to Achaia

Jerome Murphy-O'Connor

in Paul: His Story

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199266531
eISBN:
9780191601583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266530.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

While waiting for Timothy in Athens, Paul concluded that Corinth would be much more fruitful mission territory. The intense commercial ethos of Corinth and the Sisyphus myth. Why Corinthians listened ... More


Theoretical Foundations

Angus Deaton

in Understanding Consumption

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288244
eISBN:
9780191596131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288247.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Reviews the basic micro‐foundations of intertemporal choice under uncertainty, and considers the implications for the macroeconomic aggregates of consumption and savings. It also reviews the ... More


Phenomenal Unity: Closure

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The chapter examines an account of phenomenal unity that appeals to the closure of phenomenal content under conjunction—‘closure,’ for short. The chapter begins by locating closure within the context ... More


Introduction

Galen Strawson

in Locke on Personal Identity: Consciousness and Concernment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161006
eISBN:
9781400851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161006.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book defends John Locke's account of personal identity, first published in 1694, against claims that it is blatantly circular and inconsistent. Joseph Butler and Thomas Reid were the main ... More


The Third Challenge: Rationality Over Time

José Luis Bermúdez

in Decision Theory and Rationality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the challenge of developing decision theory to do justice to the sequential and diachronic nature of decision making. Classical decision theory is governed by a separability ... More


Cross-Grained Crusoe: Defoe and the Contradictions of Englishness

Patrick Parrinder

in Nation & Novel: The English Novel from its Origins to the Present Day

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264858
eISBN:
9780191698989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264858.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

One of the most notable novelists who wrote about nationality was Daniel Defoe. His most popular work was Robinson Crusoe. This story portrays an archetypal Englishman. His life is discussed in ... More


The Ghost of Local Government

Anthony King

in The British Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199576982
eISBN:
9780191702235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576982.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter presents a debate on whether local government was a good thing or a bad thing. Local government had few detractors but many admirers, most of whom saw it as reflecting a distinctively ... More


Inconsistency

Mathias Frisch

in Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non-Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195172157
eISBN:
9780199835294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172159.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the main approach to modeling the interactions between classical microscopic particles and electromagnetic fields is inconsistent. Contrary to what many philosophers consider ... More


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