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The Concept of Humor

Jerrold Levinson

in Contemplating Art: Essays in Aesthetics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199206179
eISBN:
9780191709982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206179.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This essay is concerned primarily with the question of what humor is, and with the somewhat distinct question, of what the bases or grounds of humor are. Traditional theories of humor are reviewed, ... More


Flights of Fancy: Tragic Myth and Comic Logos

I. A. Ruffell

in Politics and Anti-Realism in Athenian Old Comedy: The Art of the Impossible

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587216
eISBN:
9780191731297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587216.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter uses Aristophanes' Peace as a basis for an investigation of the relationship between parody and the impossible worlds of Old Comedy. Trygaios' flight to heaven on a ... More


Transgressive Comedy and Partiality: Making Sense of our Amusement at His Girl Friday

Ward E. Jones

in Ethics at the Cinema

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195320398
eISBN:
9780199869534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320398.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

One of the more common experiences of the film viewer is that of finding something on the screen funny or humorous. Some of this amusement will be at what I will call transgressive actions, that is, ... More


An Introduction to Comedy

Melissa A. Jackson

in Comedy and Feminist Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible: A Subversive Collaboration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656776
eISBN:
9780191742170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656776.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Despite its universal nature, ‘comedy’ and related terms, such as ‘laughter’, ‘(the) comic’, and ‘humour’, defy definition. Instead, they overlap and interweave, inextricable ultimately. Three ... More


The Poet's Mistake

Erica McAlpine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203492
eISBN:
9780691203768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203492.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

Keats mixed up Cortez and Balboa. Heaney misremembered the name of one of Wordsworth's lakes. Poetry—even by the greats—is rife with mistakes. This book gathers together for the first time numerous ... More


Promises, Promises

WALTER REDFERN

in French Laughter: Literary Humour from Diderot to Tournier

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237579
eISBN:
9780191696749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237579.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Humour and puns attract much snobbery and hypocrisy. Well-bred people frown at laughs as mere mouth-farts. Using Cross-Talk Acts (‘duo humoristique’) as an alternative title, this book promises a ... More


Dickensian Laughter: Essays on Dickens and Humour

Malcolm Andrews

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199651597
eISBN:
9780191757075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651597.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

How does Dickens make us laugh? This is the principal focus in this book. How can words on a page fire off into the reader's consciousness and jolt him or her into a smile, a giggle, or a hearty ... More


The Identification of Metaphor

EVA FEDER KITTAY

in Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242468
eISBN:
9780191680472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242468.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

Although analyses of metaphor in the past few years have surpassed previous ones in subtlety and sophistication, people still lack an adequate understanding of metaphorical meaning. This chapter ... More


Incongruity and resolution

Salvatore Attardo

in The Linguistics of Humor: An Introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198791270
eISBN:
9780191833717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791270.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter returns to the incongruity theory of humor and presents its most common conceptualization, the incongruity-resolution model. A semantic definition of incongruity, based on the violation ... More


Conclusions: Comedy and the Hebrew Bible

Melissa A. Jackson

in Comedy and Feminist Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible: A Subversive Collaboration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656776
eISBN:
9780191742170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656776.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

Myriad links draw connections among the texts studied here. This intertextuality knits these individual pieces into a larger work, and comedy is one of the pervasive threads woven throughout this ... More


Programmes

Brett Mills

in The Sitcom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748637515
eISBN:
9780748671229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637515.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Television

This chapter explores particular sitcom moments in detail, in order to outline the frameworks that can be used to carry out such a task. This analysis draws on Humour Theory, which is traditionally ... More


Neural Correlates of Incongruity

Pascale Michelon and Abraham Z. Snyder

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Most of the objects in our environment are familiar and expected in a given situation. A mnemonic advantage can be attributed to the distinctiveness of perceived events. Two types of distinctiveness ... More


Distinctiveness and Memory: Comments and a Point of View

Fergus I. M. Craik

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Reed Hunt remarked that whereas it seems intuitively obvious that distinctive events are well remembered simply because we pay more attention to them, this commonsense analysis may conceal more ... More


“I Can Dream, Can’t I?”

Leo Bersani

in Thoughts and Things

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226206059
eISBN:
9780226206196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226206196.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

A dream about professional failures, in situations where the dreamer, in waking life, has always succeeded leads to a questioning of the psychoanalytic notion of a divided self. This chapter develops ... More


Theories of humor and their levels

Salvatore Attardo

in The Linguistics of Humor: An Introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198791270
eISBN:
9780191833717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791270.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

There are three major families of theories of humor: humor as release, humor as aggression, and humor as incongruity. They are reviewed along with neurolinguistic approaches, evolutionary theories of ... More


Introduction: Humor and Empathy

Rachel Trousdale

in Humor, Empathy, and Community in Twentieth-Century American Poetry

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192895714
eISBN:
9780191916274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895714.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The introduction examines three major theories of humor: superiority theory, incongruity theory, and release theory. Considering these models with the work of feminist and anti-racist scholars in ... More


Incongruity

David Chidester

in Religion: Material Dynamics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520297654
eISBN:
9780520969933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297654.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explores the collision of categories in religious encounters, myths, and rituals. Laughter, which arises from incongruity, guides this exploration. Recalling encounters between European ... More


Hollywood Storytelling and Aesthetic Pleasure

Todd Berliner

in Psychocinematics: Exploring Cognition at the Movies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199862139
eISBN:
9780199332755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862139.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Storytelling creates aesthetic pleasure by cuing viewers to resolve separate narrative elements. Hollywood generally makes the resolution process fairly easy by following time-tested storytelling ... More


Nondum confecta

Cynthia Damon

in Studies on the Text of Caesar's Bellum civile

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198724063
eISBN:
9780191791260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724063.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter identifies the signs of ‘incompleteness’ throughout the text, and what the implications of these particular ‘gaps’ might mean for the reading of the Bellum ciuile. References within the ... More


The Comic

Tom Cochrane

in The Aesthetic Value of the World

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192848819
eISBN:
9780191944055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192848819.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

An account of comic value is presented in this chapter that refines the traditional ‘incongruity’ theory of comedy. It is argued that humorous objects are regarded as norm-violating (by failing, ... More


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