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THE PARTIAL ORDER OF GRAPHS AND HOMOMORPHISMS

Pavol Hell and Jaroslav Nešetřil

in Graphs and Homomorphisms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528173
eISBN:
9780191713644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528173.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter considers the order homomorphisms induce on the set of all cores; this order is rich enough to represent all countable partial orders. Antichains in the homomorphism order are discussed, ... More


Beauty

Rushmir Mahmutćehajić

in On Love: In the Muslim Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227518
eISBN:
9780823237029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227518.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Nothing in the worlds is comparable to God. But, nothing in them has reality apart from Him. Thus, similarity is opposed to incomparability, since He is praised by every word in the worlds. Every ... More


INTOXICATION

Rushmir Mahmutćehajić

in On Love: In the Muslim Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227518
eISBN:
9780823237029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227518.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Love for oneness is transformed, through the truculence and closedness of the heart, into different relations among details. Then the self, in its withholding and insensitivity, is placed in the ... More


Are There Incommensurable Values?

James Griffin

in Well-Being: Its Meaning, Measurement and Moral Importance

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248439
eISBN:
9780191597558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248431.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Begins the discussion on the measurement of well‐being: do our powers of measurement match our reasonable demands on measurement? For instance—the question for this chapter—are there incommensurable ... More


Incommensurability

Joseph Raz

in The Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248071
eISBN:
9780191598289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248075.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Two options are incommensurable if it is neither true that one of them is better than the other, nor true that they are of equal value. A test of incommensurability between two options, which yields ... More


Cognition and Value Incommensurability

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The chapter reviews distinct ways in which values are “incommensurable,” highlighting situations in which ends are truly incomparable, while noting that ends are also described as incommensurable ... More


Conclusion: On Public Value

Helen Small

in The Value of the Humanities

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199683864
eISBN:
9780191764653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683864.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The conclusion summarizes the claims as they emerge from critical examination in Chapters 1 to 5. It then explores their collective relevance to debates about the claims on the public purse of ... More


Prompt permissions

Rod Downey and Noam Greenberg

in A Hierarchy of Turing Degrees: A Transfinite Hierarchy of Lowness Notions in the Computably Enumerable Degrees, Unifying Classes, and Natural Definability (AMS-206)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691199665
eISBN:
9780691200217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691199665.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter explores prompt versions of all levels in the hierarchy. This generalises the already familiar notion of prompt permitting, which is the prompt version of simple permitting. Prompt array ... More


When Values Collide: Pidgins, Creoles, and Smashdowns

Owen Flanagan

in The Geography of Morals: Varieties of Moral Possibility

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190212155
eISBN:
9780190212186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212155.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Cultures, cultural groups, and individuals collide and interpenetrate in many ways with many results. There is an analogy between linguistic collision and moral collision. A pidgin is a simplified ... More


Rational Responses to Sweetening Insensitive Preferences

Caspar Hare

in The Limits of Kindness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199691999
eISBN:
9780191758126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691999.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter seeks to extend standard expected utility theory so as to cover agents with incomplete preferences. Two alternatives are offered: Prospectism and Deferentialism. Prospectism is the ... More


Ordinal Theories and the Social Choice Analogy

William MacAskill, Krister Bykvist, and Toby Ord

in Moral Uncertainty

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198722274
eISBN:
9780191789106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198722274.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We introduce and discuss the problems of intertheoretic incomparability and merely ordinal theories. We then introduce the analogy between decision-making under moral uncertainty and social choice, ... More


Interval-Scale Theories and Variance Voting

William MacAskill, Krister Bykvist, and Toby Ord

in Moral Uncertainty

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198722274
eISBN:
9780191789106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198722274.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses how to take into account moral uncertainty over interval-scale measurable but non-comparable theories. Once again, we make use of the analogy between decision-making under ... More


Fanaticism and Incomparability

William MacAskill, Krister Bykvist, and Toby Ord

in Moral Uncertainty

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198722274
eISBN:
9780191789106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198722274.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, we discuss two further problems that face accounts of decision-making under moral uncertainty, and are particularly pressing for theories that involve maximizing expected choice ... More


How to Avoid the Repugnant Conclusion

Ruth Chang

in Ethics and Existence: The Legacy of Derek Parfit

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192894250
eISBN:
9780191915314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894250.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Derek Parfit thought that his continuum argument in population ethics leading to the Repugnant Conclusion—viz., that a world with a vast number of people leading lives barely worth living is better ... More


Comparativism: The Grounds of Rational Choice

Ruth Chang

in Weighing Reasons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199315192
eISBN:
9780190245580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315192.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What makes a choice rational? This chapter defends comparativism the view that what makes a choice rational is a comparative fact about the alternatives or their reasons. Comparativism is a view ... More


Incomparable Numbers

Kenneth Walden

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 10

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198867944
eISBN:
9780191904578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867944.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents arguments for two slightly different versions of the thesis that the value of persons is incomparable. Both arguments allege an incompatibility between the demands of a certain ... More


Time, Rationality, and Self-Governance

Michael E. Bratman

in Planning, Time, and Self-Governance: Essays in Practical Rationality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190867850
eISBN:
9780190867898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190867850.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Is there a diachronic rationality constraint on an agent’s intentions over time, one that favors stability of intention? I argue that there is reason to think that there is some such diachronic ... More


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