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Redistribution of Income

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the role of the government in ensuring basic needs and how that may be managed through income taxes and public expenditure. The analysis is mainly done in the framework of ... More


When Women Speak, Groups Listen—Sometimes: How and When Women’s Voice Shapes the Group’s Generosity

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

in The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter explores how the conditions of deliberation affect the definition of justice adopted by both individuals and groups, and how these concepts of justice influence their concrete policy ... More


Economic Explanations

Alberto Alesina and Edward Glaeser

in Fighting Poverty in the US and Europe: A World of Difference

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199267668
eISBN:
9780191602153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267669.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter looks at the “economic” explanations for the difference in the distributive policies of the United States and Europe. It argues that purely “economic” explanations fail to provide useful ... More


Fighting Poverty in the US and Europe: A World of Difference

Alberto Alesina and Edward Glaeser

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199267668
eISBN:
9780191602153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267669.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This book explores the difference in the distributive policies of the United States and Europe. It seeks answers to why Americans are less willing than Europeans to redistribute from the rich to the ... More


Conclusion

Martine Quinzii

in Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The general equilibrium analysis presented in this book shows that there are even more problems in using marginal cost pricing with increasing returns technologies than has been discussed at the time ... More


Income and Wealth

Tsuneo Ishikawa

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288626
eISBN:
9780191596469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828862X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Income and wealth have long formed an important focus for economic research, with economists keen to answer the following kinds of questions: why do we pay people who work equally hard different ... More


The Implications of Change

Erik Jones

in Economic Adjustment and Political Transformation in Small States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208333
eISBN:
9780191708985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208333.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines how the breakdown of consociational democracy (depillarization) complicated the process of consensus building, and so made it more difficult for Belgium and the Netherlands to ... More


Political Institutions and Redistribution

Alberto Alesina and Edward Glaeser

in Fighting Poverty in the US and Europe: A World of Difference

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199267668
eISBN:
9780191602153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267669.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the “political” explanations for the difference in the distributive policies of the United States and Europe. Political and institutional variables provide useful insights on ... More


The Policy Response to Inequality: Redistributing Income

Ive Marx and Tim Van Rie

in Changing Inequalities in Rich Countries: Analytical and Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199687435
eISBN:
9780191767135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687435.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Through cash transfers and taxes, public authorities can substantially reduce income inequality in a direct manner. Most industrialised countries faced the challenge of growing market inequalities ... More


Understanding Migration and Income Inequality

Assaf Razin

in Israel and the World Economy: The Power of Globalization

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037341
eISBN:
9780262344234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037341.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Because the Soviet-Jews exodus was not foreseen ahead of time, Israel’s migration experience is amenable to the natural-experiment methodology. Disposable-income inequality in Israel, was roughly ... More


Reducing poverty and inequality

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the ways in which a Citizen's Basic Income would reduce poverty and inequality. It first considers how the word ‘poverty’ makes the measurement of the extent of poverty ... More


Conclusions: Inequality, Impacts, and Policies

Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan, Daniele Checchi, Ive Marx, Abigail McKnight, István György Tóth, and Herman van de Werfhorst

in Changing Inequalities in Rich Countries: Analytical and Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199687435
eISBN:
9780191767135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687435.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Keeping economic inequality in check is an uphill battle, though countries differ. General drivers seem mediated, moderated, accelerated or perhaps even replaced by demographic, institutions or ... More


Class Conflicts and Institutional Feedback Effects in Liberal and Social Democratic Welfare Regimes: Attitudes toward State Redistribution and Welfare Policy in Six Western Countries

Jonas Edlund

in The Political Sociology of the Welfare State: Institutions, Social Cleavages, and Orientations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754354
eISBN:
9780804768153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754354.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter explores an important issue within political sociology: the role of institutions and political articulation in establishing a connection between class and its attitudinal correlates. It ... More


Class and Attitudes to Market Inequality: A Comparison of Sweden, Britain, Germany, and the United States

Stefan Svallfors

in The Political Sociology of the Welfare State: Institutions, Social Cleavages, and Orientations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754354
eISBN:
9780804768153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754354.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter compares attitudes to market inequality in different classes in four Western countries: Sweden, Britain, Germany, and the United States. Drawing on Robert Lane's argument that market ... More


School Vouchers as a Redistributive Device: An Analysis of Three Alternative Systems

Raquel Fernández and Richard Rogerson

in The Economics of School Choice

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226355337
eISBN:
9780226355344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226355344.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the consequences of several school voucher programs that serve to redistribute income in a manner which affects the distribution of the quality of education across students. It ... More


Demands for Equality

José María Maravall

in Demands on Democracy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198778523
eISBN:
9780191823848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778523.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Demands on democracies include greater redistribution of economic resources. It is claimed that economic inequalities have grown very much, particularly since the 1980s. Yet ‘equality’ has been ... More


Social Welfare Policy and an Income Subsidy Scheme

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

When nearly a quarter of GDP is redistributed through a rag bag of measures, one should expect poverty to have been considerably alleviated in these societies, if not totally eliminated. But this has ... More


Inequalities in income, wealth and standard of living in Britain

David Gordon

in Tackling inequalities: Where are we now and what can be done?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861341464
eISBN:
9781447303633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861341464.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter considers the most glaring inequalities in society: those relating to income, wealth, and standard of living. After consideration of the problems and common confusions surrounding ... More


Essential issues of social protection in our society

Vladimir Rys

in Reinventing social security worldwide: Back to essentials

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426413
eISBN:
9781447303176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426413.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses some important issues of social protection. It argues that income redistribution is basically an instrument of fiscal policy. It then stresses the need to completely integrate ... More


The Performance of the Nationalized Industries 1950–1985

James Foreman-Peck and Robert Millward

in Public and Private Ownership of British Industry 1820–1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203599
eISBN:
9780191675881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203599.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Nationalisation in the 1940s in Britain was the product of a consensus to increase the size of business units in the network industries. This chapter looks at the industries' performance over the ... More


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