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Globalization, Liberalization, and Inequality: Expectations and Experience

Frances Stewart and Albert Berry

in Inequality, Globalization, and World Politics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295662
eISBN:
9780191599521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295669.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Explores the effects of moves from dirigiste to laissez‐faire policies (liberalization) on income distribution within countries, and also to consider briefly its impact on inter‐country inequality. ... More


ARE THE INEQUALITY AND MOBILITY TRENDS OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION'S FUTURE?

Richard V. Burkhauser and Kenneth A. Couch

in United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195376630
eISBN:
9780199865499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376630.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter shows how economic growth over the last two business cycles has been distributed in the United States, and compares those changes with changes in two EU countries with quite different ... More


 Income Distribution, Consumption, and Saving

Young‐Iob Chung

in Korea under Siege, 1876-1945: Capital Formation and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178302
eISBN:
9780199783557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178300.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter assesses the impact of capital formation and economic development under Japanese rule on income distribution, consumption (standard of living), and savings in Korea, focusing those of ... More


Placing Human Capital at the Center of Income Distribution

Jacob Mincer

in Jacob Mincer: A Founding Father of Modern Labor Economics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199211319
eISBN:
9780191705748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211319.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter analyzes Mincer's contribution to income distribution research, namely the way he placed human capital at the center of that research. It commences with a brief analysis of the debates ... More


The Formation of Distributions of Income and Wealth

Henry Phelps Brown

in Egalitarianism and the Generation of Inequality

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286486
eISBN:
9780191596773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286481.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The distributions of personal income and holdings of wealth that have been examined earlier in the book have salient features in common: wealth is much more unequally distributed than income, but the ... More


Sources of Equality and Inequality: Wages, Jobs, Households, and Redistribution

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter argues that in thinking about income inequality, our focus should be on the distribution of post-tax-post-transfer income among households, rather than the distribution of earnings among ... More


Income Inequality in the UK: Extent and Trends

John Hills

in Inequality and the State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276646
eISBN:
9780191601644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276641.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Describes the distribution of income and trends in it over time. Sets out what proportions of the population have incomes at different levels, and which groups are found towards its top and bottom. ... More


Public Economics in Action: The Basic Income/Flat Tax Proposal

A. B. Atkinson

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292166
eISBN:
9780191595875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292163.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The book provides an introduction to the key ideas of public economics. For this purpose, it takes as a case study the proposal for a basic income financed by a flat tax on all income. This radical ... More


External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Lance Taylor (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Reports on the effects of the fundamental economic policy shift in transition and developing countries after the mid‐1980s. Since that time, the “external liberalization” of international trade and ... More


The Labour Market and the Distribution of Income: The Neo‐Classical Approach

Tsuneo Ishikawa

in Income and Wealth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288626
eISBN:
9780191596469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828862X.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter addresses the question of how the resources of labour power are supplied to alternative uses from the neoclassical viewpoint of individual rational choice, and further explains various ... More


Colombia: Structural Adjustment, Macroeconomics and Equity

José Antonio Ocampo and Camilo Tovar

in External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter analyzes the link between structural adjustment, macroeconomic performance, and social indicators in Colombia. The first two sections briefly overview structural reforms, the evolution ... More


Distributions Displayed

Henry Phelps Brown

in Egalitarianism and the Generation of Inequality

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286486
eISBN:
9780191596773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286481.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Discusses how best to display distributions of income and wealth so that comparisons can be made between different periods or countries. The various different kinds of distribution curve that have ... More


Country Profiles

Deepak Lal and H. Myint

in The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity and Growth: A Comparative Study

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294320
eISBN:
9780191596582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294328.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The thinking behind the method of pairing countries used in the book for the purpose of comparative analysis of their economic history is explained. The salient relationships are then outlined ... More


Introduction: What This Lecture Is About

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the overall theme of this book, which is the distribution of individual earnings or household income. Specifically, the book examines ... More


Does Educational Achievement Help Explain Income Inequality?

Daniele Checchi

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Discusses the fact that although income distribution and the distribution of educational attainments are obviously related, the sign of the relationship between educational achievements and income ... More


The OECD Approach to Measuring Income Distribution and Poverty

Michael F. Förster and Marco Mira D’Ercole

in Counting the Poor: New Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860586
eISBN:
9780199932948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860586.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

Inequalities and poverty matter in both poor and rich countries. Whereas inequality and poverty manifest themselves in a variety of dimensions, income is one of the most evident manifestations, and ... More


Effects of Taxation on the Distribution of Income

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Deals with the effects of income taxes on income distribution. It is widely believed that the individual income tax, with progressive tax rates, can reduce the inequality of income distribution or at ... More


Improving Measurement of Latin American Inequality and Poverty with an Eye to Equitable Growth Policy 1

Albert Berry

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Major improvements in the quality and frequency of data on income and consumption distribution in Latin American countries have provided an adequate base for assessing trends and analysing the ... More


Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social-Spending Policies in Developing Countries

Ke-young Chu, Hamid Davoodi, and Sanjeev Gupta

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Provides an overview of the changes in income distribution in developing and transition countries in recent decades, and assesses the incidence of taxes and government expenditure in these countries. ... More


Increased Income Inequality in OECD Countries and the Redistributive Impact of the Government Budget

Anthony B. Atkinson

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The recent rise in inequality in the distribution of disposable income in many, although not all, countries has led to a search for explanations, particularly since for much of the postwar period ... More


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