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Childhood Cancer in Britain: Incidence, survival, mortality

Charles Stiller (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198520702
eISBN:
9780191723711
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520702.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer is diagnosed in about 140 per million children in Britain each year. There is a 1 in 500 chance that a child will be affected in the first 15 years of life, the most frequently occurring types ... More


The Incidence and Economic Burden of Injuries in the United States

Eric A. Finkelstein, Phaedra S. Corso, and Ted R. Miller

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179484
eISBN:
9780199864621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179484.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Injuries are one of the most serious public health problems facing the United States today. Through premature death, disability, medical cost, and lost productivity, injuries impact the health and ... More


Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology

Dirk U. Pfeiffer, Timothy P. Robinson, Mark Stevenson, Kim B. Stevens, David J. Rogers, and Archie C. A. Clements

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198509882
eISBN:
9780191709128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509882.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This book provides an overview of the use of spatial statistics in epidemiology — the study of the incidence and distribution of diseases. Used appropriately, spatial analytical methods in ... More


Introduction

Anthony Swerdlow, Isable Dos Santos silva, and Richard Doll

in Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England and Wales: Trends and Risk Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627483
eISBN:
9780191723698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627483.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter presents a brief overview of cancer incidence in England and Wales, as well as brief description of the purpose of the book. Approximately 250,000 cancers occur each year in ... More


History

Anthony Swerdlow, Isable Dos Santos silva, and Richard Doll

in Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England and Wales: Trends and Risk Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627483
eISBN:
9780191723698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627483.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a brief historical background of the available sources of data for cancer trends. These include mortality statistics, cancer registration statistics, and publications on trends.


Violent Sports Crowds

Gordon W. Russell

in Aggression in the Sports World: A social psychological perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189599
eISBN:
9780199868445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189599.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Wide-ranging questions associated with rioting among sports fans are addressed in this chapter. The first issue raised asks if the “problem” of sports riots is as severe as the media would have us ... More


Elimination and Eradication

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the prospects for elimination and eradication of tuberculosis. It considers how TB elimination could be achieved in principle, making use of the interventions and procedures ... More


Epidemiology in practice

John Wright

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the following topics: What is epidemiology? How do we measure disease? using rates in measuring disease; describing disease in terms of time, place, and person; defining cases ... More


I‐prosthesis

Rodney Sampson

in Vowel Prosthesis in Romance: A Diachronic Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541157
eISBN:
9780191716096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541157.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This is the earliest and most familiar category of prosthesis and affects words beginning with [s] plus a consonant. Its origins and early development are first traced, exploring its geographical ... More


A‐prosthesis

Rodney Sampson

in Vowel Prosthesis in Romance: A Diachronic Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541157
eISBN:
9780191716096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541157.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This category of vowel prosthesis postdates I‐prosthesis and operated on rhotic‐initial words. Its early development is examined closely, and its geographical diffusion and likely causation are ... More


U‐prosthesis

Rodney Sampson

in Vowel Prosthesis in Romance: A Diachronic Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541157
eISBN:
9780191716096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541157.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

U‐prosthesis occurred in the later Middle Ages following a special type of syncope. The structural circumstances surrounding its rise are explored in detail, and the geographical incidence and ... More


Statistics used in observational studies

Will G. Hopkins

in Sports Injury Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199561629
eISBN:
9780191722479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A variety of ways to express the incidence and prevalence of sports injury exists, of which the number of injuries per 1,000 hours of play is the most commonly used. There is no clear answer as to ... More


Developmental Victimology

David Finkelhor

in Childhood Victimization: Violence, Crime, and Abuse in the Lives of Young People

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342857
eISBN:
9780199863631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342857.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter sketches the outlines of the field of Developmental Victimology — a field intended to help promote interest in and understanding of the broad range of victimizations that children suffer ... More


A Richer Model of the Labour Market

A. B. Atkinson

in Public Economics in Action: The Basic Income/Flat Tax Proposal

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292166
eISBN:
9780191595875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292163.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The theoretical models used, explicitly or implicitly, in policy analysis tend to ignore much relevant real‐world complexities. This chapter considers the incidence of tax reform in a model that ... More


Humboldt Park:: A Community United to Challenge Asthma

Molly Martin and Juana Ballesteros

in Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The Sinai's Improving Community Health Survey found that Puerto Rican children had the highest asthma prevalence rate of all groups. Twenty-one percent of Puerto Rican children had diagnosed asthma ... More


Prevalence/Incidence, Risk Factors, and Future Burden of Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes in Developing Countries

Chittaranjan S. Yajnik, Terrence Forrester, Kaushik Ramaiya, Nikhil Tandon, Shailaja Kale, and Marshall Tulloch-Reid

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses some of the issues related to the three most common types of diabetes (type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes) that are particularly relevant to developing countries. The ... More


Introduction

Peter Croft, Kate Dunn, Fiona M. Blyth, and Danielle van der Windt

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter draws on all three chapters in the second section of the book (Chapter 5–7) to highlight general points about defining chronic pain as a public health issue. Topics discussed include a ... More


The Population Dynamics of Mental Disorders

William W. Eaton, Pierre Alexandre, Ronald C. Kessler, Silvia S. Martins, Preben Bo Mortensen, George W. Rebok, Carla L. Storr, and Kimberly Roth

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195390445
eISBN:
9780199950416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter estimates rates of incidence of specific disorders and charts them for each sex across the life span, consistent with the life course epidemiological approach, which is highly useful to ... More


Epidemiology of venous thromboembolism

Aneel A. Ashrani and John A. Heit

in Venous Thromboembolism in Advanced Disease: A clinical guide

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199232048
eISBN:
9780191730337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232048.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter looks at the epidemiology or health-event patterns associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). It explains that VTE, comprising deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), ... More


Childhood Sexual Abuse and HIV among Latino Gay Men: The Price of Sexual Silence during the AIDS Epidemic

Sonya Grant Arreola

in Sexual Inequalities and Social Justice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520246140
eISBN:
9780520939141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246140.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Empirical data proves that Latino gay men comprise one of the most vulnerable groups in the United States for transmission of HIV. As a category, they are more likely to contract HIV than white gay ... More


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