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Motivational Influences on Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Hannah S. Locke and Todd S. Braver

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Motivation is an important component of self-regulation that helps set the effort level an organism is willing to expend to achieve a desired goal. However, motivation is an elusive concept in ... More


Drug Addiction as Incentive Sensitization

Kent C. Berridge and Terry E. Robinson

in Addiction and Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015509
eISBN:
9780262295635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015509.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on and provides a general overview of the incentive-sensitization theory of addiction. Through the years, it has been gradually recognized that drugs can cause complex changes in ... More


Incentive Salience in Addiction and Over-Consumption

Michael J. F. Robinson, Terry E. Robinson, and Kent C. Berridge

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Incentive salience (‘wanting’) normally provides an ‘oomph’ that spurs attention to and motivation for objects of desire. But when amplified excessively by brain mesolimbic sensitization, a set of ... More


Psychological Hedonism, Hedonic Motivation, and Health Behavior

David M. Williams

in Affective Determinants of Health Behavior

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190499037
eISBN:
9780190881375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499037.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Why is it so hard to choose the fruit salad instead of the chocolate cake? Why do we dread our daily workout? And why do some of us find it so difficult to quit smoking, quit drinking too much, or ... More


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