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Clonality by Incest: Hermaphroditic Self-Fertilization

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Habitual self-fertilization by hermaphroditic individuals is a sexual route by which genetically identical individuals can arise. The phenomenon occurs in various plants and invertebrates but is ... More


Genetics and evolution

Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on Allee effects in relation to genetics and evolution. These topics intersect in four different ways. First, genetics creates its own set of Allee effect mechanisms (e.g., via ... More


Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The biological diversity of the planet is being rapidly depleted due to the direct and indirect consequences of human activity. As the size of animal and plant populations decrease and fragmentation ... More


A Practical Guide for Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198783411
eISBN:
9780191826337
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783411.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The biological diversity of the planet is being rapidly depleted due to the direct and indirect consequences of human activity. As the size of wild animal and plant populations decreases and ... More


Kin Detection and the Development of Sexual Aversions: Toward an Integration of Theories on Family Sexual Abuse

Ilanit Tal and Debra Lieberman

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Although much is known about the consequences of sexual abuse and the characteristics of the individuals and families involved, these pieces of information have yet to be arranged to form a clear ... More


Conserving a natural experiment

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The guppy raises three different classes of conservation issues. First, the species is a useful model for freshwater fish species — one of the most endangered vertebrate groups. Second, although ... More


The extinction vortex, is genetic variation related to extinction?

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins with a brief introduction to the focus of this book, which is the idea that extinction of species is somehow related to loss of genetic variation. Theoretical considerations ... More


Inbreeding, geographic subdivision, and gene flow

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter outlines the theory of inbreeding including a brief account on the theory of population subdivision and gene flow. This is of relevance to conservation issues because habitat loss and ... More


The conservation biologist's toolbox – principles for the design and analysis of conservation studies

Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook, discuss measures of biodiversity patterns followed by an overview of experimental design and associated statistical paradigms. Conservation ... More


Inbreeding and Outbreeding

Nickolas M. Waser and Charles F. Williams

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Contemplate the descent of a piece of DNA (or RNA in organisms using this as their genetic material). The DNA is copied, and copies are passed to ... More


A Primer of Population Genetics and Genomics

Daniel L. Hartl

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198862291
eISBN:
9780191895074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862291.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A Primer of Population Genetics and Genomics, 4th edition, has been completely revised and updated to provide a concise but comprehensive introduction to the basic concepts of population genetics and ... More


Inbreeding and Population Structure

Daniel L. Hartl

in A Primer of Population Genetics and Genomics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198862291
eISBN:
9780191895074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862291.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Inbreeding and its consequences are the main subject of Chapter 3, beginning with the concepts of identity by descent versus identity by state, the inbreeding coefficient F, genotype frequencies with ... More


Medieval Incest Law—Theory and Practice

Elizabeth Archibald

in Incest and the Medieval Imagination

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198112099
eISBN:
9780191708497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112099.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter presents an overview of the development of medieval incest law, in relation to biblical teaching and Greco-Roman law. It raises questions about the rationale for a system of taboos that ... More


Conclusion: Sex, Sin, and Salvation

Elizabeth Archibald

in Incest and the Medieval Imagination

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198112099
eISBN:
9780191708497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112099.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Incest seems an ever-present danger in medieval literature, although it can be absolved by repentance and grace. The genetic consequences of inbreeding are ignored: children of incest are usually ... More


Population Structure

Leonard Nunney

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Population structure is a ubiquitous feature of natural populations that has an important influence on evolutionary change. In the real world, populations ... More


Life Cycles

Jan A. Pechenik

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

I have a Hardin cartoon on my office door. It shows a series of animals thinking about the meaning of life. In sequence, we see a lobe-finned fish, a ... More


Take home messages

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

We recommend augmentation of gene flow for isolated population fragments that are suffering inbreeding and low genetic diversity, provided that proposed population crosses have low risks of ... More


Finding a Home: Dispersal

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of beaver dispersal. There are a number of reasons why beavers have to disperse from their native family. As a relatively long-lived species, beavers produce 3–4 ... More


Dominance genetic variance and inbreeding in natural populations

Matthew E. Wolak and Lukas F. Keller

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

It is assumed that dominance genetic variance contributes little to the prediction of evolutionary change in polygenic traits. This is based on the assumption that populations are large, panmictic, ... More


Sex Ratios and Sex Allocation

Steven Hecht Orzack

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0018
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Understanding the allocation of energy is the goal of the evolutionary analysis of sex allocation. Whether one is concerned with the relative sizes of male ... More


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