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Working with “Youth-at-Risk”

Francis Wing-lin Lee

in Nurturing Pillars of Society: Understanding and Working with the Young Generation in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028801
eISBN:
9789882207226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028801.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Members of street gangs or Triad are usually referred to as “youth-at-risk” or “marginal youth.” There are several approaches that social workers use in analyzing these clients—the conventional ... More


Social Categorization, Standards of Justice, and Collective Guilt

Anca M. Miron and Nyla R. Branscombe

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter outlines a model describing when and how one particular intergroup emotion — collective guilt — will be experienced depending on the standard employed for judging the social injustice ... More


Social Identity, Legitimacy, and Intergroup Conflict: The Rocky Road to Reconciliation

Russell Spears

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that legitimacy is a double-edged sword, providing a constraint not only on discrimination, but also on resistance that might lead injustice to be challenged. The chapter is ... More


Perceptions of Similarity and Agreement in Partisan Groups

Eric A. Whitaker and John M. Fulwider

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines whether there are perceptual differences in how partisan identifiers think about the in-group and out-group, and whether these judgments relate reliably to other attitudes and ... More


Political Conflict and Moral Reasoning in Northern Ireland

Ferguson Neil

in On Behalf of Others: The Psychology of Care in a Global World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385557
eISBN:
9780199864669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385557.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The decline of moral constraints in a society suffering from intra-state conflict and experiences of violence on an everyday basis is explored in this chapter. Here the author focuses on the moral ... More


Ultimatum Game with an Ethnicity Manipulation: Results from Khovdiin Bulgan Sum, Mongolia

Francisco J. Gil-White

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Two Ultimatum Game experiments conducted with the Torguud Mongols and the Kazakhs, people with a traditional pastoral–nomadic culture from Bulgan Sum, Khovd province, Western Mongolia, are reported: ... More


Aggressive Interrogation and Retributive Justice: A Proposed Psychological Model

Avani Mehta Sood and Kevin M. Carlsmith

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The use of aggressive interrogation techniques on terrorism suspects is typically justified on utilitarian grounds. This chapter presents evidence that those who support such techniques are actually ... More


Research and policy in ethnic relations: Compromised dynamics in a neoliberal era

Charles Husband (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781447314899
eISBN:
9781447314929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314899.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book provides a critical discussion of the fault lines in the contemporary relationship between university based researchers, research funders, and the policy sector in the production and ... More


The Securitarian Personality: What Really Motivates Trump's Base and Why It Matters for the Post-Trump Era

John R. Hibbing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190096489
eISBN:
9780190096519
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190096489.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

This book identifies the core motivations of Donald Trump’s strongest supporters. Previous research suggests that Trump’s followers are authoritarians or even fascists—individuals who are comfortable ... More


Hell’s Angels: A Runaway Model of Pathological Altruism

Marc D. Hauser

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0268
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter builds from the many excellent chapters in this volume to suggest that pathological altruism has its origins in two evolutionarily ancient and adaptive mechanisms: in-group favoritism ... More


Theorising Bullying

Rivers Ian

in Homophobic Bullying: Research and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195160536
eISBN:
9780199893911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160536.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

In this chapter, the question is posed, why does homophobic bullying or indeed any type of bullying exist? Does bullying, for example, represent a form of ‘power’ that has its origins in the ... More


Strategic Instincts: The Adaptive Advantages of Cognitive Biases in International Politics

Dominic D. P. Johnson

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691137452
eISBN:
9780691185606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137452.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

A widespread assumption in political science and international relations is that cognitive biases — quirks of the brain we all share as human beings — are detrimental and responsible for policy ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on the Parental Brain

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 11 presents evolutionary perspectives on the parental brain. First, the evolution of neural modifications to the parental brain that may have allowed for the emergence of alloparental ... More


Contact, Intergroup Relations, and Opportunities for Education

David A. Hamburg and Beatrix A. Hamburg

in Learning to Live Together: Preventing Hatred and Violence in Child and Adolescent Development

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195157796
eISBN:
9780197561980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195157796.003.0012
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

If groups are strange to each other and therefore fearful or hostile, why not bring them together so they can get to know each other and become friendly? This ... More


Parochialism as a Result of Cognitive Biases

Jonathan Baron

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195371895
eISBN:
9780199979127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In Chapter 8, psychologist and expert on judgment and decision making Jonathan Baron identifies cognitive biases whereby individuals sacrifice self-interest for the benefit of in-group ... More


The Exclusion of Moderates

Mila Dragojević

in Amoral Communities: Collective Crimes in Time of War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739828
eISBN:
9781501739835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739828.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the first of the two mechanisms that trigger the local-level conditions necessary for the formation of amoral communities: the exclusion of moderates. It shows how such ... More


How We Get Along: Bringing Us Together and Tearing Us Apart

E. Tory Higgins

in Shared Reality: What Makes Us Strong and Tears Us Apart

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190948054
eISBN:
9780190082536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190948054.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

It doesn’t take much of a difference between groups to make in-group–out-group discrimination occur. High schoolers can discriminate on the basis of preference for the paintings of Klee versus ... More


Institutional Constraints and the Enforcement of Racialized Social Pressure

Ismail K. White and Chryl N. Laird

in Steadfast Democrats: How Social Forces Shape Black Political Behavior

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691199511
eISBN:
9780691201962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691199511.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter takes up black social institutions as central locations where in-group political norms are defined and propagated. It outlines a basic history of black social institutions, including how ... More


United We Stand: The Strategic Advantages of Group Bias

Dominic D. P. Johnson

in Strategic Instincts: The Adaptive Advantages of Cognitive Biases in International Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691137452
eISBN:
9780691185606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137452.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the strategic advantages of the in-group/out-group bias. It discusses people that have a powerful tendency to favor their own in-group and its members, while disparaging ... More


No Mercy: The Pacific Campaign of World War II

Dominic D. P. Johnson

in Strategic Instincts: The Adaptive Advantages of Cognitive Biases in International Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691137452
eISBN:
9780691185606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137452.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the United States was able to persist and prevail in the long and brutal Pacific campaign against the Japanese in World War II because of the in-group/out-group bias. It ... More


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