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Effect of orbitofrontal lesions on mood and aggression

Pamela Blake and Jordan Grafman

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the effects of lesions in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) on mood states and aggressive behavior. Particular attention is paid to studies of patients with traumatic brain injury, ... More


Introduction

Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter intrudes the key elements of this volume. This volume focuses on the age period between mid adolescence and early adulthood (roughly ages 15-29) and it addresses what we know about ... More


Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The last two decades have seen tremendous growth in biological research on psychopathy, a mental disorder distinguished by traits including a lack of empathy or emotional response, egocentricity, ... More


The Genetics of Consumption, Part II: Substance Abuse: Substance Abuse

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Substance abuse, like eating disorders, has a strong genetic component as shown by twin and adoption studies. There is also a strong correlation with depression and impulsivity, which have strong ... More


Introduction: Mass Media and the Socialization of Adolescents Since World War II

Daniel Romer

in The Changing Portrayal of Adolescents in the Media Since 1950

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195342956
eISBN:
9780199894284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342956.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the massive social and economic changes that emerged post-World War II, with particular emphasis on the mass media's influence on youth. The baby ... More


Teen Spirit: How Adolescence Transformed the Adult World

Paul Howe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501749827
eISBN:
9781501749841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501749827.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This book offers a novel and provocative perspective on how we came to be living in an age of political immaturity and social turmoil. The book argues it's because a teenage mentality has slowly ... More


Does the Study of the Age-Crime Curve Have a Future?

Rolf Loeber

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers the properties of the age-crime curve. It revisits factors—such as neighborhoods, cohorts, and impulsivity—that influence the height and the breadth of the curve. It shows by ... More


Learning, Expectancy, and Behavioral Control: Implications for Drug Abuse

Muriel Vogel-Sprott and Mark T. Fillmore

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0072
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews research demonstrating that learned expectancies mediate behavior. A drug-taking situation illustrates how associative learning develops drug-related expectancies. Experiments ... More


Risky and impulsive components of adolescent decision making

B.J. Casey, Todd A. Hare, and Adriana Galván

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Adolescence is a developmental period which is often characterized as a time of impulsive and risky choices leading to increased incidence of unintentional injuries and violence, alcohol and drug ... More


Violence and Therapy in The Sopranos

Jason Jacobs

in The Contemporary Television Series

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619009
eISBN:
9780748671168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619009.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Television

During its five seasons, the television series The Sopranos, which premiered in 1999 on HBO, has offered an emphatically realist account of organised crime in a fictional New Jersey mob family. Its ... More


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Kirstin Painter and Maria Scannapieco

in Understanding the Mental Health Problems of Children and Adolescents: A Guide for Social Workers

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190927844
eISBN:
9780197554548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190927844.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Chapter 9 begins with prevalence estimates for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, and impulsivity are addressed, followed by ... More


Rash Actions

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter considers the link between impulsivity and addiction. It shows that in the absence of protective family and societal factors, children who are impulsive have a higher risk for developing ... More


Stress, Coping, and Emotion Regulation

Barry M. Wagner

in Suicidal Behavior in Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300112504
eISBN:
9780300156362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300112504.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the variability in the ways in which suicidal youths manage their emotions and cope with stress. First, it discusses the cognitive states associated with suicidal behavior, such ... More


Successful Psychopaths

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes psychopaths who are not engaged in criminal behavior. These individuals can be found in all walks of society, and may include individuals of high social status such as ... More


A New School, A New Crisis

Paul Gionfriddo

in Losing Tim: How Our Health and Education Systems Failed My Son with Schizophrenia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168281
eISBN:
9780231537155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168281.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter focuses on the events surrounding Tim's transfer to his new school. The school staff at the new school made adjustments based on Tim's Individualized Education Program (IEP), resulting ... More


Impulsivity and Its Association with Treatment Development for Pathological Gambling and Substance Use Disorders

Nancy M. Petry

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the diagnosis and prevalence rates of pathological gambling, including its link with substance use disorders, and also discusses studies evaluating constructs of impulsivity in ... More


Fragile X: A Family of Disorders

Ann M. Mastergeorge and Jacky Au

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0024
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability known, and it is the most common single gene disorder associated with autism (Belmonte and Bourgeron 2006; ... More


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Maria Scannapieco and Kirstin R. Painter

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is marked by problems with functioning or development that are related to symptoms of a persistent pattern of inattention and/or ... More


Diversion Courts, Traumatic Brain Injury, and American Vets

Valerie Gray Hardcastle

in Neurointerventions and the Law: Regulating Human Mental Capacity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190651145
eISBN:
9780190651169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190651145.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that the lifetime traumatic brain injury (TBI) rates for prisoners are higher than for the general population. The impulsive and aggressive ... More


Positive Urgency and Negative Outcomes: The Dispositional Tendency to Rash Action During Positive Emotional States

Melissa A. Cyders

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Impulsivity is a multi-faceted construct, consisting of lack of conscientiousness (lack of planning and lack of perseverance), sensation seeking, and urgency (emotion-based disposition to rash action ... More


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