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Language unbound: genomic conflict and psychosis in the origin of modern humans

Bernard J Crespi

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Human social communication is impaired in the two primary disorders of the ‘social brain’, autism, and schizophrenia. This chapter describes a new hypothesis for the role of language in the evolution ... More


Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Daphne J. Fairbairn, Wolf U. Blanckenhorn, and Tamás Székely (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book is an edited compendium of twenty chapters addressing the evolution, adaptive significance, and genetic and developmental basis of differences between the sexes in body size and morphology. ... More


The Bullae of Gobekly-depe

VASIF GAIBOV

in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263846
eISBN:
9780191734113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter describes the bullae or collection of imprints of seals on clay found at the Gobekly-depe in the Merv Oasis. The majority of bullae from Gobekly were found in the north and west ... More


Baroque Design: Gratuitous Genomic Complexity

John C. Avise

in Inside the Human Genome: A Case for Non-Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393439
eISBN:
9780199775415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393439.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses various gratuitous complexities—inherent in the human genome—that routinely compromise personal health. These range from problems associated with split genes (wherein introns ... More


Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Gabriel Horn

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Looking at both behavioural and molecular levels of analysis, this book presents the results of recent research into the biochemistry and neural mechanisms of imprinting. The book discusses some of ... More


The genetic architecture of sexual dimorphism: the potential roles of genomic imprinting and condition-dependence

Russell Bonduriansky

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The first section of this chapter presents new theory showing that sex-specific patterns of genomic imprinting may play a role in the genetic architecture and expression of sexually dimorphic traits. ... More


Discrimination after stimulus exposure

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter continues the discussion of animal discrimination learning, concentrating on the effects produced by giving the animals prior exposure to the stimuli to be discriminated. The experiments ... More


Behavioural and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory

J. R. Krebs and G. Horn (eds)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521983
eISBN:
9780191688492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521983.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The topics discussed in this volume have been chosen to represent studies in which both behavioural and neurobiological analysis have been emphasized. They include work on behavioural and neural ... More


Approaches to the analysis of the neural bases of memory

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses ways in which information is stored in the brain. Memory and habituation, and the characteristics of filial imprinting are discussed. Habituation is a form of learning wherein ... More


Real effects of learning?

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The finding in Chapter 2 that biochemical changes are associated with imprinting supports the view that learning involves changes in neural connectivity. However, biochemical changes may be caused by ... More


Cerebral localization

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines whether the whole or only some parts of the anterior of the forebrain roof is involved in the imprinting process. Changes in incorporation associated with training have been ... More


Brain lesions, acquisition, and retention

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter investigated whether the ‘intermediate and medial part of hyperstriatum ventrale’ (IMHV) is necessary for imprinting. The IMHV of chicks were lesioned and exposed to an imprinting ... More


How many stores? Cerebral asymmetry and imprinting

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the roles of the right and left IMHV in the retention of a preference. Results show a hemispheric asymmetry in the roles of the right and left IMHV in the imprinting process. ... More


Predispositions and preferences

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter investigates the effects of brain lesions on imprinting; the training objects were either a rotating flashing red box or a stuffed hen jungle-fowl. In experiments, the preferences of ... More


Physiological constraints on memory and imprinting

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence that activity in the sensory pathways is insufficient for information storage. The roles of noradrenaline and testosterone in imprinting processes are analyzed. The ... More


Physiological and morphological consequences of training

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines whether there are morphological and physiological changes in the IMHV associated with imprinting. When chicks were trained by exposure to a rotating red box, changes were ... More


A structure for memory?

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses current knowledge about the organization of the IMHV, the kind of information to which it has access, and its influences on other parts of the brain. Topics covered include the ... More


Towards a synthesis

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews discussions in the preceding chapters. These include memory defects resulting from lesions of the brain, particularly the medial temporal lobe and parts of the diencephalons of ... More


Genetics of gene expression

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the role of genetic variation in modulating gene expression and how this can help resolve functionally important regulatory variants. The successful application of genetic ... More


Life Stages, Hormones, and Brain Remodeling: Early Hormonal Influences on Brain Mutability

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the prominent role that hormones have in defining the timing and regional specificity of the plastic developmental changes in the central nervous system, and how they coordinate ... More


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