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Social Security Reforms and the Changing Retirement Behavior in Germany

Axel Börsch-Supan, Johannes Rausch, and Nicolas Goll

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

As in the other countries in this volume, the employment rate in Germany for those aged 55 to 69 had been declining in recent decades, and then began to rise dramatically. Among the 12 countries ... More


The Expanding Social Safety Net

Casey B. Mulligan

in The Redistribution Recession: How Labor Market Distortions Contracted the Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942213
eISBN:
9780199980772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942213.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Inflation-adjusted spending on means-tested subsidies has increased sharply since 2007, and most of the growth was due to changes in eligibility rules, and increases in subsidies per eligible person, ... More


A Lifetime of Changes: State Pensions and Work Incentives at Older Ages in the UK, 1948–2018

James Banks and Carl Emmerson

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

We describe the history of state pension policy in the UK since 1948 and calculate summary measures of the generosity of the system over time and the degree to which it created implicit taxes on, or ... More


Trends in Employment and Social Security Incentives in the Spanish Pension System, 1980–2016

Pilar García-Gómez, Sílvia Garcia-Mandicó, Sergi Jiménez-Martín, and Judit Vall-Castelló

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter, we analyze the association between financial incentives and retirement decisions using aggregate data over four decades in Spain. We first compute expected social security benefits ... More


The Evolution of Retirement Incentives in the US

Courtney C. Coile

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Employment rates of older men and women in the U.S. have been rising for the past several decades. Over the same period, there have been significant changes in Social Security and private pensions, ... More


Introduction

Axel Börsch-Supan and Courtney C. Coile

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This is the introduction to the ninth phase of the project on International Social Security. This project, which compares the experiences of 12 developed countries, was launched in the mid-1990s ... More


The Redistribution Recession: How Labor Market Distortions Contracted the Economy

Casey B. Mulligan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942213
eISBN:
9780199980772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942213.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Beginning in 2007, major subsidies and regulations intended to help the poor and unemployed were changed in more than a dozen ways. Many of these changes were reasonable reactions to economic events, ... More


Retirement Incentives and Canada’s Social Security Programs

Kevin Milligan and Tammy Schirle

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Since the mid-1990s in Canada, the employment and labor force participation rates of older men and women have increased steadily. In this study, we document Canadian trends alongside measures of the ... More


Social Security Incentives in Belgium: An Analysis of Four Decades of Change

Anne-Lore Fraikin, Alain Jousten, and Mathieu Lefebvre

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter traces labor market reforms in Belgium over the last four decades. While Belgium was long characterized by low employment and labor force participation rates of the elderly male ... More


Labor Force Exit in Denmark, 1980–2016: Impact from Changes in Incentives

Paul Bingley, Nabanita Datta Gupta, Malene Kallestrup-Lamb, and Peder J. Pedersen

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

A dramatic trend reversal in employment rates of 60-64 year olds has occurred in many OECD countries, where a declining employment rate in the 1980s and early 1990s has reversed since the mid-90s and ... More


The Evolution of Incentives for Retirement in Italy, 1980–2015

Agar Brugiavini, Raluca Elena Buia, Giacomo Pasini, and Guglielmo Weber

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses the labor force participation reversal at older ages over the recent decades and relates it to pension reforms that were particularly relevant in Italy since the early 1990s. ... More


Social Security Reforms and the Changing Retirement Behavior in Sweden

Mårten Palme and Lisa Laun

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

We show how the economic incentives to remain in the labor force induced by Sweden’s public old-age pension system and disability insurance program have changed between 1980 and 2015. The most ... More


Cross-Sectional Patterns of Employment and Hours Changes

Casey B. Mulligan

in The Redistribution Recession: How Labor Market Distortions Contracted the Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942213
eISBN:
9780199980772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942213.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter shows that employment and hours changes 2007–10 were not uniform across demographic groups, but rather fell in amounts related to changes in log self-reliance rates. Self-reliance rate ... More


Workers’ Employment Rates and Pension Reforms in France: The Role of Implicit Labor Taxation

Didier Blanchet, Antoine Bozio, Simon Rabaté, and Muriel Roger

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Over the last fifteen years, France has experienced a reversal of older workers’ labor force participation and employment rates. Changes in health, life expectancy or education levels over the period ... More


Social Security Programs and Employment at Older Ages in the Netherlands

Klaas de Vos, Arie Kapteyn, and Adriaan Kalwij

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

There have been a vast number of social security reforms aimed at increasing employment at older ages over the last two decades in the Netherlands. We examine the eligibility criteria and the ... More


Social Security Programs and Elderly Employment in Japan

Takashi Oshio, Akiko S. Oishi, and Satoshi Shimizutani

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

We examine how the change in the trend of the employment rates of the elderly has been associated with changes in incentives of social security and its related programs in Japan since the 1980s. We ... More


Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Reforms and Retirement Incentives

Axel Börsch-Supan and Courtney C. Coile (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226674100
eISBN:
9780226674247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226674247.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Through the coordination of work of a team of analysts in twelve countries for twenty years, the International Social Security (ISS) project has used the differences in social security programs ... More


Slaves or Mercenaries? Milton Friedman and the Institution of the All-Volunteer Military

John D. Singleton

in Milton Friedman: Contributions to Economics and Public Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198704324
eISBN:
9780191773761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704324.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Friedman was the leading public proponent for an all-volunteer military. This chapter traces his influence upon the national debate over conscription, which culminated in Friedman’s service on the ... More


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