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Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Arthur S. Reber

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The book is an extended essay on implicit learning, a topic that emerged in recent years as an important but previously overlooked process. Implicit learning is learning that takes place independent ... More


Implicit issues: some extensions and some speculations

Arthur S. Reber

in Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter draws links with a variety of related topics in cognitive psychology. Implicit memory is reviewed and compared with the products of implicit learning. The question of the abstractness of ... More


Attention and long-term memory

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the importance of attention for long-term memory encoding and retrieval. Some attention is probably needed to perceive items adequately. Beyond that, one can distinguish ... More


Conceptual Implicit Memory and the Item-Specific–Relational Distinction

Neil W. Mulligan

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Research on distinctiveness and memory has largely focused on explicit, or recollective, aspects of memory. However, memory also affects behavior in ways unaccompanied by conscious recollection. This ... More


Reconsidering Implicit Memory

Henry L. Roediger

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The study of implicit memory poses challenges to the whole concept of memory, challenges with which the field has struggled ever since. This chapter presents a continuation of reflections on matters ... More


The Distinctiveness Effect in Explicit and Implicit Memory

Lisa Geraci and Suparna Rajaram

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Much research supports the intuitive belief that people have very good memory for unusual or distinct information. This phenomenon is known as the distinctiveness effect. The majority of this ... More


Process dissociations versus task dissociations: a controversy in progress

Eyal M. Reingold and Jeffrey P. Toth

in Implicit Cognition

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523109
eISBN:
9780191688829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523109.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter tackles the controversy over process dissociations against task dissociations, including perception-without-awareness, implicit memory research, process-purity, response bias, ... More


Explicit and Implicit Memories

Sharon B. Berlin

in Clinical Social Work Practice: A Cognitive-Integrative Perspective

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195110371
eISBN:
9780199865680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110371.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter continues the theoretical discussion by focusing on the role of explicit and implicit (or conscious and nonconscious) memory in creating meaning. It reviews explanations of how the mind ... More


Implicit Impressions

James S. Uleman, Steven L. Blader, and Alexander Todorov

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Implicit impressions are preverbal, non-episodic residues in memory of our observations of, interactions with, and inferences about others. Distinguishing implicit from explicit impressions can be ... More


Implicit Memory for New Associations: Types of Conceptual Representations

Bob Uttl, Peter Graf, and Stephanie Cosentino

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the memory representation of newly acquired associations. The chapter begins with a brief review of previous investigations on implicit memory for new associations and of ... More


Familiarity in an Implicit and Explicit Memory Task: A Common Mechanism

Sachiko Kinoshita

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the nature of familiarity that has been proposed as a basis for making decisions in an explicit memory task (recognition memory) and an implicit memory task (lexical decision). ... More


Rethinking Implicit Memory

Jeffrey S Bowers and Chad J Marsolek (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Implicit memory refers to a change in task performance due to an earlier experience that is not consciously remembered. The topic of implicit memory has been studied from two quite different ... More


Passive Parallel Automatic Minimalist Processing

Roger Ratcliff and Gail McKoon

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Research for which the idea that many basic cognitive processes can be described as fast, parallel, and automatic is reviewed. Memory retrieval/decision processes have often been ignored in the ... More


Speech Perception and Implicit Memory: Evidence for Detailed Episodic Encoding of Phonetic Events

Lorin Lachs, Kipp Mcmichael, and David B. Pisoni

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a review and discussion of the theoretical and meta-theoretical notions that underlie the traditional, abstractionist characterization of speech perception. Once the ... More


Commentary

Fergus I. M. Craik

in Rethinking Implicit Memory

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632326
eISBN:
9780191670466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632326.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The point that priming and related phenomena of implicit memory should be considered functional and adaptive is made by several authors, notably by Bowers and Kouider and by Marsolek. Cognitive ... More


Deconstructing Human Memory: Insights from Amnesia

Mieke Verfaellie and Margaret M. Keane

in The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195395549
eISBN:
9780199369201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology

Dissociations in the performance of patients with amnesia have contributed to the identification of distinct forms of memory, such as those between implicit and explicit memory and between semantic ... More


Children’s Memory Development: Remembering the Past and Preparing for the Future

Peter A. Ornstein, Catherine A. Haden, and Holger B. Elischberger

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Two themes characterize the voluminous literature on children's memory: the surprising mnemonic competence of infants and young children and the presence of substantial age differences in almost all ... More


Unintentional Causes of Profiling: What’s Under the Tip of the Attitude Iceberg?

Jack Glaser

in Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195370409
eISBN:
9780190221058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370409.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Unintentional causes of racial profiling, particularly implicit stereotypes, are discussed in order to explain why profiling and other forms of discrimination persist in the presence of ... More


Some Thoughts on the Interaction between Perception and Reflection

Julie A. Higgins and Marcia K. Johnson

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 1990 paper Implicit and explicit memory for visual patterns, published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition and written ... More


Emotional memory

Mana R Ehlers and Rebecca M Todd

in Genes, brain, and emotions: Interdisciplinary and Translational Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198793014
eISBN:
9780191834745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793014.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents an overview of current conceptualizations of the emotional enhancement of explicit and implicit memory. It postulates that these processes depend largely on arousal-mediated ... More


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