Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 83 items

  • Keywords: implicit bias x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Discrimination and Exclusion

Stephanie M. Stern and Daphna Lewinsohn-Zamir

in The Psychology of Property Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479835683
eISBN:
9781479857623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479835683.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reconsiders the persistent problems of discrimination and exclusion in light of psychology research on prejudice and bias. It focuses on three important topics in housing and land use ... More


Implicit Bias: A Better Metric for Racial Progress?

Leslie Ashburn-Nardo, Robert W. Livingston, and Joshua Waytz

in The Obamas and a (Post) Racial America?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735204
eISBN:
9780199894581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735204.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Given external pressures, people are sometimes unwilling to express their honest opinions about African Americans. Furthermore, because attitudes are often consciously inaccessible, people may also ... More


Black Man in the White House: Ideology and Implicit Racial Bias in the Age of Obama

Kristin A. Lane and John T. Jost

in The Obamas and a (Post) Racial America?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735204
eISBN:
9780199894581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735204.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses questions of racial bias and political ideology in the context of Barack Obama’s 2008 historical election and the first year of his presidency. In contrast to various claims ... More


Interpersonal Foundations of Ideological Thinking

Curtis D. Hardin, Rick M. Cheung, Michael W. Magee, Steven Noel, and Kasumi Yoshimura

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Building upon research on the social-cognitive foundations of ideological thinking, we argue that allegiance to attitudes that explain and justify the status quo is motivated in part by the human ... More


Bias, Feminism, and the Psychology of Investigating Gender

Alice H. Eagly

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Implicit judgmental biases compromise scientists' theories and research on the psychology of gender. One form of bias — social cognition — engages correspondent inference and the linked principle of ... More


The Psychology of Implicit Intergroup Bias and the Prospect of Change

Calvin Lai and Mahzarin Banaji

in Difference without Domination: Pursuing Justice in Diverse Democracies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226681191
eISBN:
9780226681368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226681368.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Modern democracies must contend with the challenge of providing opportunity and fair treatment to a diverse citizenry. Discoveries from the mind sciences have revealed, however, that these values are ... More


Gendering At Work

Cecilia L. Ridgeway

in Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755776
eISBN:
9780199894925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755776.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 4 describes how the effects of gender stereotypes on social relations (Chapter 3) reproduce gender inequality in paid work. The gender frame interacts with the institutional frame of work ... More


Implicit Jury Bias: Are Informational Interventions Effective?

Anna Roberts

in Criminal Juries in the 21st Century: Psychological Science and the Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190658113
eISBN:
9780190658144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190658113.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to consider whether educational methods are—or could be—an effective way of tackling the implicit jury biases that threaten the fairness of trials. First, the chapter ... More


Implicit Bias, Stereotype Threat, and Women in Philosophy

Jennifer Saul

in Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199325603
eISBN:
9780199369317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199325603.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There is by now a well-established body of research in psychology showing that human beings are strongly influenced by a range of unconscious biases and dispositions related to categories like race, ... More


The Heterogeneity of Implicit Bias

Jules Holroyd and Joseph Sweetman

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198713241
eISBN:
9780191781698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The term ‘implicit bias’ has been rapidly incorporated into philosophical discourse. This chapter scrutinizes the phenomena that fall under the rubric of implicit bias. The term is often used in a ... More


Implicit Bias, Character, and Control

Jules Holroyd and Daniel Kelly

in From Personality to Virtue: Essays on the Philosophy of Character

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198746812
eISBN:
9780191809088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746812.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Are implicit biases under an agent’s control, and attributable to her as part of her character? A number of theorists have argued that individuals do not have control, in the relevant sense, over the ... More


No One but You: Jurors and the Internal Standard of Reasonable Doubt

Sonali Chakravarti

in Radical Enfranchisement in the Jury Room and Public Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226654157
eISBN:
9780226654324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226654324.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

As the standard for the extremely high burden of proof on the state necessary for a guilty verdict, the phrase “beyond a reasonable doubt” is the quintessential legal convention that jurors may have ... More


Who’s Responsible for This?: Moral Responsibility, Externalism, and Knowledge about Implicit Bias

Natalia Washington and Daniel Kelly

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766179
eISBN:
9780191820748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766179.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The central claim we defend is that people can be responsible for actions that are influenced by implicit biases they do not know they have, and would disavow if they did. We frame this issue in ... More


Attributability, Accountability, and Implicit Bias

Robin Zheng

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766179
eISBN:
9780191820748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766179.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between two concepts of moral responsibility. We are responsible for our actions in the first sense only when those actions reflect our identities as moral agents, i.e. ... More


Cultural Snapshots: Identifying Cultural Patterns That Influence Implicit Racial Bias

Kristin Pauker, Sarah A. Lamer, Shahana Ansari, and Max Weisbuch

Kate C. McLean (ed.)

in Cultural Methods in Psychology: Describing and Transforming Cultures

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190095949
eISBN:
9780197601273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190095949.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Racial inequality persists in modern American society and permeates domains ranging from healthcare to education. Scientists typically trace such racial inequality to implicit (rather than explicit) ... More


Implicit Bias, Responsibility, and Moral Ecology

Manuel R. Vargas

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 4

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805601
eISBN:
9780191843563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805601.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There are reasons that weigh both in favor and against judging agents blameworthy for actions produced in part by implicit biases. Indeed, perhaps implicit bias reveals that our received views about ... More


Playing Double: Implicit Bias, Dual Levels, and Self-Control

Keith Frankish

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198713241
eISBN:
9780191781698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter proposes a framework for thinking about implicit bias and how we can control it. It argues that systematic implicit bias is best thought of as a form of belief, which can conflict with ... More


Intent in Disparate Treatment Litigation

Ann C. McGinley

in Masculinity at Work: Employment Discrimination through a Different Lens

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780814796139
eISBN:
9780814764329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796139.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter examines the intent requirement in proving disparate treatment under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. It identifies three possible definitions of intent: purpose-to-harm, causation, ... More


Context and the Ethics of Implicit Bias

Michael Brownstein

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766179
eISBN:
9780191820748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766179.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the ethical ramifications of the effects of context on the activation and expression in behaviour of implicit biases. My central claim is that an ethics of implicit bias must ... More


Positive Exemplar Exposure: A Method for Early Implicit Racial Bias Change

Antonya Marie Gonzalez

Kate C. McLean (ed.)

in Cultural Methods in Psychology: Describing and Transforming Cultures

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190095949
eISBN:
9780197601273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190095949.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In adults, implicit racial bias has been linked to prejudiced and discriminatory behavior. However, implicit racial biases emerge well before adulthood; as young as age six, children have already ... More


View: