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Defenses of Millianism

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter reviews efforts to explain away the problems with Millian theories, and shows that they are unsuccessful. Soames’s solution to Russell’s problem (existence failures) either adopts a ... More


Simple Sentences and Implicatures

Jennifer Saul

in Simple Sentences, Substitution, and Intuitions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199219155
eISBN:
9780191711848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219155.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines the prospects for explaining away anti-substitution intuitions as due to conversational implicatures. It does this by exploring existing accounts, but also by considering ... More


Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law

Andrei Marmor and Scott Soames (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199572380
eISBN:
9780191728914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572380.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book brings together the best contemporary philosophical work in the area of the intersection between philosophy of language and the law. Some of the contributors are philosophers of language ... More


A look outside Grice's definition

Christopher Potts

in The Logic of Conventional Implicatures

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273829
eISBN:
9780191706653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273829.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Grice’s definition of conventional implicatures, employed throughout this book, has four primary components: conventionality, speaker commitment, speaker orientation, and semantic independence. This ... More


Truth Conditional Semantics

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter offers a brief introduction to the core ideas and gives some notation concerning truth conditional semantics. It aims to revive earlier experiences with the field and ease later contact ... More


Nondescriptive Meaning

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows how the expression theory can account for four cases of nondescriptive meaning: interjections, syncategorematic terms, words with conventional implicatures, and non-declarative ... More


Embedded Implicatures

François Recanati

in Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

Conversational implicatures do not normally fall within the scope of operators because they arise at the speech act level, not at the level of sub-locutionary constituents. Yet in some cases they do, ... More


Through Thick and Thin

Simon Blackburn

in Practical Tortoise Raising: and other philosophical essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199548057
eISBN:
9780191594953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548057.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a nuanced account of the phenomena which have led moral theorists to explore so-called ‘thick concepts’. It argues that the phenomena are far more deeply embedded in linguistic ... More


Modularity

Emma Borg

in Minimal Semantics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270255
eISBN:
9780191601477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270252.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

An introduction to the notion of modularity of mind and an argument as to why only formal semantic theories are compatible with the claim that semantic comprehension is the product of a (Fodorian) ... More


Semantics/Pragmatics: (Purposes and Cross-Purposes) *

Ruth Garret Millikan

in Language: A Biological Model

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284764
eISBN:
9780191603167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284768.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A new analysis of convention and of linguistic function yields a robust description, in naturalistic terms, of the distinction between semantics and pragmatics. For a number of different but ... More


Can the Law Imply More Than It Says? On Some Pragmatic Aspects of Strategic Speech

Andrei Marmor

in Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199572380
eISBN:
9780191728914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572380.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The standard model in the pragmatics literature focuses on ordinary conversations, in which the parties are presumed to engage in a cooperative exchange of information. The legal context offers an ... More


The Linguistic Turn

Ernie Lepore and Matthew Stone

in Imagination and Convention: Distinguishing Grammar and Inference in Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198717188
eISBN:
9780191785931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717188.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter reviews accounts that explain conversational implicatures by appeal to distinctively linguistic knowledge and principles, rather than as consequences of general rationality. The chapter ... More


Leaving Things Open: Hinting

Ernie Lepore and Matthew Stone

in Imagination and Convention: Distinguishing Grammar and Inference in Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198717188
eISBN:
9780191785931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717188.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Grice takes hints and suggestions as paradigm cases of conversational implicatures, but he does not attempt to delimit them precisely. This chapter works to characterize a specific, common-sense ... More


Implicatures and grammar

Nicholas Asher

in Sentence and Discourse

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198739418
eISBN:
9780191802416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739418.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter develops a research program on implicatures and discourse structure with implications for grammar. The program shows the centrality of discourse structure in linguistic interpretation by ... More


Logic in Grammar: Polarity, Free Choice, and Intervention

Gennaro Chierchia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199697977
eISBN:
9780191765971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697977.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This book explores the relation between language and logic through an analysis of polarity sensitivity and free choice effects. A wide variety of items are considered, with the intent of identifying ... More


The Influence of Perspective and Communicative Goals on How Speakers Choose to Refer

Daniel J. Grodner and Rachel M. Adler

in Brevity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199664986
eISBN:
9780191748530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664986.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Referential descriptions can vary in the quantity and nature of the information they encode. How much and what types are jointly determined by the communicative needs of the addressee and cognitive ... More


Scalar Implicatures at the Interface between Pragmatics and Syntax

Gennaro Chierchia

in Logic in Grammar: Polarity, Free Choice, and Intervention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199697977
eISBN:
9780191765971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697977.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 2 characterizes Free Choice Disjunction (FCD), i.e. the behavior of disjunction (and plain indefinites) under modals. This is a well known phenomenon whereby a sentence of the form possible ... More


Existential Free Choice

Gennaro Chierchia

in Logic in Grammar: Polarity, Free Choice, and Intervention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199697977
eISBN:
9780191765971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697977.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 5 studies indefinites that are restricted to Free Choice environments, sometimes also described as ‘epistemic indefinites’. This includes German irgendein, Italian uno qualunque and Romanian ... More


Intervention

Gennaro Chierchia

in Logic in Grammar: Polarity, Free Choice, and Intervention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199697977
eISBN:
9780191765971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697977.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

It has been noted in the literature that NPIs are degraded if there is an intervening element (typically, a non weakest member of a scale) between them and, in traditional terms, their licensor (in ... More


What Does the Law Implicate?

Andrei Marmor

in The Language of Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714538
eISBN:
9780191782831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714538.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on various forms of implicated content in statutory law, mostly conversational implicatures and presuppositions. The main argument of the chapter is that the strategic nature of ... More


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