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Beyond Consequentialism

Paul Hurley

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The focus of this book is consequentialism, the moral theory upon which an action is morally right just in case its performance leads to the best state of affairs. The theory can with some ... More


 Pluralism and Ambivalence *

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The case for pluralistic relativism begins with discussing a discomforting kind of moral disagreement that gives rise to moral ambivalence: this is not simply disagreement in which both sides run out ... More


 Does Psychological Realism Constrain the Content of Moralities? *

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses a possible constraint on moralities based on psychological realism, and in particular what is realistic to expect in the way of adherence to impersonal values when most human ... More


Legitimacy: The Caliphate and the State

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In Europe, separate states acquired legitimacy; in Islam the universal caliphate and 'umma retained the fullest respect. Muslim philosophers, not unlike Augustine and Hobbes, derived the need for the ... More


Disabilities

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critically evaluates Dworkin's use of a hypothetical insurance market scheme to illuminate the degree to which justice requires the provision of compensation to persons with significant physical or ... More


Against Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Are there things we should value because they are, quite simply, good? If so, such things might be said to have “absolute goodness.” They would be good simpliciter or full stop—not good for someone, ... More


Personal Value

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603787
eISBN:
9780191729294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603787.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Certain things, like justice, have impersonal value, other things carry personal values: they have value for some person rather than have value, period. The philosophical literature as well as ... More


INTERPRETATION OF PROBABILITY: VARIOUS NUANCES

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Apart from formal operations, the interpretation of probability must be considered to use probability for statistical induction. The objective interpretation relates probability to long-term relative ... More


Time in Discourse

Theo Van Leeuwen

in Discourse and Practice: New Tools for Critical Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323306
eISBN:
9780199869251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323306.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter describes the semiotic resources of English discourse for representing the timing of social practices. Departing from the work of sociologist Norbert Elias, discourses of time are viewed ... More


The Discursive Construction of Legitimation

Theo Van Leeuwen

in Discourse and Practice: New Tools for Critical Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323306
eISBN:
9780199869251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323306.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter investigates how legitimations are added to representations of social practices, and how the same practices may be legitimized differently in different contexts. Key categories of ... More


Late Medieval Greek (11th–15th c. AD): the dominance of a single AVC

Theodore Markopoulos

in The Future in Greek: From Ancient to Medieval

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539857
eISBN:
9780191716317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539857.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This bulky chapter is devoted to the examination of Late Medieval Greek (11th–15th c. AD), the first period after late antiquity which provides us with material in a “vernacular” variety of Greek. ... More


Argument dereferentialization in Lakota

Regina Pustet and David S. Rood

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Lakota has been claimed to lack structural devices by means of which arguments can be foregrounded, such as with passives. However, recent field data show that in addition to various backgrounding ... More


Complex Sentences

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The distinction between coordination and subordination is not clear-cut. The essence of coordination is the mental juxtaposition of structures construed as parallel and co-equal. Subordination has a ... More


(A)structuring Atelicity

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume 2: The Normal Course of Events

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263929
eISBN:
9780191718168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263929.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter turns to the structure of atelic events, focusing especially on the structure of atelic transitives. Topics discussed include atelic transitives and partitive case, and the behaviour of ... More


Innocent bystander: the loss of the indefinite pronoun man

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter presents an account of an unexpected victim of both the rise of the to-infinitive and the loss of verb-second: the ‘ultra-indefinite’ pronoun man. Two factors almost completely destroyed ... More


The Challenge to Consequentialism: A Troubling Normative Triad

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the challenge to consequentialism by locating standard act consequentialism within a triad of claims that are in considerable tension with each other. Acceptance of any two of ... More


Modernization and its Discontents: A Cultural Perspective on Theories of Development

Tariq Banuri

in Dominating Knowledge: Development, Culture, and Resistance

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286943
eISBN:
9780191684531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286943.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Economic Systems

This chapter proposes an approach which can be used to contrast modern and traditional worldviews from a holistic perspective. It distinguishes between impersonal and personal maps or guide to the ... More


Some silent first person plurals *

Richard S. Kayne

in Merging Features: Computation, Interpretation, and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199553266
eISBN:
9780191720833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553266.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

In order to account for morphosyntactic microvariation, an approach based on silent elements provides an alternative (one that is more tightly tied to other aspects of syntax) to an approach based on ... More


Lecture I, 19

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The two-and-a-half lectures on the personal forms of the verb begin with some general remarks on the history of the subject,on the forms of the verb attested, and on the use of the personal pronouns. ... More


Lecture I, 20

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0020
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The two-and-a-half lectures on the personal forms of the verb begin with some general remarks on the history of the subject, on the forms of the verb attested,and on the use of the personal pronouns. ... More


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