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Conclusion

Menno Fenger and Paul Henman

in Rome in Late Antiquity: Everyday Life and Urban Change, AD 312-609

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748612390
eISBN:
9780748651009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612390.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Rome is unique, not only in western but universal history: firstly because it was a city which conquered and administered a vast empire; secondly because that empire had an exceptionally long life; ... More


Render to Caesar: Jesus, the Early Church, and the Roman Superpower

Christopher Bryan

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195183344
eISBN:
9780199835584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195183347.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Several recent studies have raised postcolonial issues in relation to the biblical texts. Render to Caesar aims to address that conversation and to offer some critique. Chapter 1 discusses Israel’s ... More


Israel and Empire: From the Maccabees to the War against Rome

Christopher Bryan

in Render to Caesar: Jesus, the Early Church, and the Roman Superpower

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195183344
eISBN:
9780199835584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195183347.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

From 63 BC until the Jewish War of 66, Israel was under Rome’s control. Following the deposition of Herod’s son Archelaus in AD 6, there were two phases. From 6 to 39 there was direct Roman rule of ... More


Empires Ancient and Modern

Christopher Bryan

in Render to Caesar: Jesus, the Early Church, and the Roman Superpower

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195183344
eISBN:
9780199835584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195183347.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

There are differences as well as parallels between Roman and post-enlightenment imperial experiences. Romans had many shared assumptions in common with those they colonized. Later strife between ... More


The Roman Church and the Empire in the Twelfth Century

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Worms made possible a period of relative harmony, but the design of the Hohenstaufen, Frederick Barbarossa to restore the dignity of the so‐called Roman Empire (sacrum imperium) led to renewed ... More


Institutional Legitimacy and the Administrative State

Eoin Carolan

in The New Separation of Powers: A Theory for the Modern State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199568673
eISBN:
9780191721588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568673.003.003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter begins with a short account of Unger’s theory of counter-normative exceptions. This posits that exceptions in law may indicate the existence of an alternative ideology. This suggests ... More


The Meaning of imperium in the Last Century BC and the First AD

John Richardson

in The Roman Foundations of the Law of Nations: Alberico Gentili and the Justice of Empire

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599875
eISBN:
9780191595813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599875.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the meaning of the word imperium and presents some reflections on it to provide a background to the sources on which Gentili drew for his own formulations. In the 2nd and 1st ... More


Conditional and Preparatory Intentions

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter provides an examination of English judicial doctrine, and then of existing philosophical accounts in English, in relation to conditional intention. The basic ambiguity of the term is ... More


Conclusion: The Ecological Cost of the American Appetite in the Tropical World

Richard P. Tucker

in Insatiable Appetite: The United States and the Ecological Degradation of the Tropical World

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220874
eISBN:
9780520923812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220874.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter studies the effects of the appetites of Americans on the ecosystems in the tropical regions. It begins by looking at the Panama Canal, which opened in 1914. It states that the Panama ... More


Fundamental Concepts of Authority in Early Rome (to 367 BC)

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter examines the most basic and fundamental concepts of authority that defined the early military commander in Roman tradition, and it attempts to create a foundation from which to chart the ... More


The Concept of Provincia in Early Rome (to 367 BC)

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter examines the concept of provincia as a specific sphere within which the imperium conferred the absolute (but vaguely defined) authority to give orders and to enforce one’s will. The ... More


The Late Republic (100 to 49 BC)

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter focuses on the rapid development and manipulation of traditional ideas of provinciae. By the mid-first century BC, consuls were regularly receiving permanent provinciae as their ... More


Augustan Manipulation of Traditional Ideas of Provincial Governance

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter examines Augustus’s role as a provincial commander and his contribution to the evolution of Roman provincial command. In particular, Augustus took advantage of changes in the ... More


Conclusion

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This concluding chapter summarizes the main points of previous chapters, in arguing that the evolution of provincial command—particularly of imperium and the provincia—is in large part the history of ... More


Octavian’s Imperium Auspiciumque in 43 BC and Their Late Republican Context

Michael Koortbojian

in Crossing the Pomerium: The Boundaries of Political, Religious, and Military Institutions from Caesar to Constantine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195032
eISBN:
9780691197494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195032.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines how, by late Republican times, commanders who would have been forced by religious scruple to return to Rome for the reenactment of religious rites were now granted new ... More


“The Savages of Virginia Our Project”: The Powhatans in Jacobean Political Thought

Lauren Working

in Virginia 1619: Slavery and Freedom in the Making of English America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651798
eISBN:
9781469651811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651798.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter investigates how debates about “the Indians” or the Powhatans informed Jacobean political thought. By calling it “our project,” Gray rendered “the savages” a collective concern, one that ... More


“To Stride a Limit”: Imperium, Crisis, and Accommodation in Shakespeare's Cymbeline and Pericles

Bradin Cormack

in A Power to Do Justice: Jurisdiction, English Literature, and the Rise of Common Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116242
eISBN:
9780226116259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116259.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Focusing on William Shakespeare's Pericles (1609) and Cymbeline (ca. 1610), this chapter explores a virtual jurisdiction constitutive of empire. Shakespearean romantic tragicomedy emerges here as an ... More


From Urbis to Imperium

Stuart Elden

in The Birth of Territory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226202563
eISBN:
9780226041285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226041285.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter discusses Ancient Rome. It provides detailed readings of the writings of Julius Caesar and Cicero; the former treating the question of terrain and the military-geography terms he uses, ... More


Popular Sovereignty in Early Modern Constitutional Thought

Daniel Lee

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198745167
eISBN:
9780191806094
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745167.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Popular sovereignty—the doctrine that the public powers of the state originate in a concessive grant of power from ‘the people’—is perhaps the cardinal doctrine of modern constitutional theory. Its ... More


Roman Law and the Renaissance State: Dominium, Jurisdiction, and the Humanist Theory of Princely Authority

Daniel Lee

in Popular Sovereignty in Early Modern Constitutional Thought

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198745167
eISBN:
9780191806094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745167.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter investigates how medieval and early modern humanist jurists exploited elements of Roman civil procedure and the law of jurisdiction to craft a distinctively civilian theory of ... More


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