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Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins

Steven J. Friesen

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131536
eISBN:
9780199834198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131533.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Examines the relationship between imperial cults and the Book of Revelation, focusing especially on the Roman province of Asia during the early Empire. The main argument is that Revelation and ... More


Municipal Imperial Cults: A Survey

Steven J. Friesen

in Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131536
eISBN:
9780199834198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131533.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Synthesizes the existing evidence for municipal imperial cults in the cities of Asia (Ephesos, Priene, Miletos, Sardis, Pergamon). An examination of imperial cults in temple settings and those ... More


Provincial Cults from Gaius to Domitian

Steven J. Friesen

in Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131536
eISBN:
9780199834198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131533.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Completes the survey begun in the previous chapter by discussing the abortive attempt to establish a provincial imperial cult for Gaius (Caligula) at Miletus around 40 c.e.; changes in the ... More


Civic Priesthoods

Emily A. Hemelrijk

in Hidden Lives, Public Personae: Women and Civic Life in the Roman West

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190251888
eISBN:
9780190251901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190251888.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses female priesthoods. Excluding priestesses of cults that have misleadingly been called ‘matronal’ or ‘foreign’, it focuses on priestesses of deities of the traditional ... More


5 Christian Belief and Rabbinic Faith

Adiel Schremer

in Brothers Estranged: Heresy, Christianity and Jewish Identity in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195383775
eISBN:
9780199777280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383775.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter raises the question whether rabbinic texts that seem to be relating to issues standing at the heart of the Jewish and Christian debate throughout the ages—such as Christology and the ... More


Imperial Women on Coins and in Roman Cult

Mary T. Boatwright

in Imperial Women of Rome: Power, Gender, Context

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190455897
eISBN:
9780190455910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455897.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

After an opening focus on Caligula’s three sisters Drusilla, Agrippina the Younger, and Julia Livilla, the first living women figured and identified on centrally struck coins, the chapter addresses ... More


Representing and Subverting Power

Tessa Rajak

in Translation and Survival: The Greek Bible of the Ancient Jewish Diaspora

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558674
eISBN:
9780191720895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558674.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter shows how continual re-interpretation, adaptation of, and addition to the biblical text allowed it to be a repertoire for all seasons. Late biblical texts in Greek guise, especially the ... More


Pagan Continuity and Christian Attitudes: When did Paganism End?

Anna Leone

in The End of the Pagan City: Religion, Economy, and Urbanism in Late Antique North Africa

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199570928
eISBN:
9780191752292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570928.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, Ancient Religions

This chapter reconsiders and analyses the inscriptions and documents related to pagan traditions in North Africa, looking specifically at religious officials (priesthoods) and rituals. It includes a ... More


Kings and cults

Andreas J. M. Kropp

in Images and Monuments of Near Eastern Dynasts, 100 BC - AD 100

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199670727
eISBN:
9780191804762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199670727.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines cults and sanctuaries promoted on the initiative of Roman client kings of the Near East who ruled in the first century BC, with special reference to coin imagery, sculpture, and ... More


Introduction: The History of Religion in the Mediterranean, and the Problem of Imperial Religion

Jörg Rüpke

in From Jupiter to Christ: On the History of Religion in the Roman Imperial Period

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198703723
eISBN:
9780191774065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703723.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

With the imperial expansion, the religious symbols and practices of the capital of the Roman Empire became widely visible and provided potential points of reference for the whole Roman Empire. This ... More


Centralizing Cult

Ian Haynes

in Blood of the Provinces: The Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199655342
eISBN:
9780191758300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655342.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter examines the character and form of those cults that can be seen as providing a cosmological link between military units both to one another and to the State. It builds upon the ... More


Religious Universalism: Paganism and Christianity

Michael Bland Simmons

in Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity: Porphyry of Tyre and the Pagan-Christian Debate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190202392
eISBN:
9780190202415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202392.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Christianity was the only religion in the Roman Empire that offered universal salvation. Porphyry came to the same conclusion, but opted for the creation of his tripartite soteriology to compete with ... More


Deus or Divus: The Genesis of Roman Terminology for Deified Emperors and a Philosopher's Contribution

David Wardle

in Philosophy and Power in the Graeco-Roman World: Essays in Honour of Miriam Griffin

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299905
eISBN:
9780191707803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299905.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the choice of divus as the title of the deified Caesar. It finds no connection with traditional Roman religious terminology, as examined by the philosophical Varro, or with ... More


The Cities and the Emperor

Edmund Thomas

in Monumentality and The Roman Empire: Architecture in the Antonine Age

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199288632
eISBN:
9780191917684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199288632.003.0017
Subject:
Archaeology, Greek and Roman Archaeology

Monumental architecture, then, strengthened a sense of public or civic identity in Antonine cities. But, because a public building could assert the political power of a city and, in so doing, ... More


Imperial Architecture

Edmund Thomas

in Monumentality and The Roman Empire: Architecture in the Antonine Age

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199288632
eISBN:
9780191917684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199288632.003.0018
Subject:
Archaeology, Greek and Roman Archaeology

From ancient Egypt to the present day, the colossal size of buildings has been considered to reflect political power. For Herodotus, architecture was an expression of dominion; the Periclean ... More


The End of the Pagan City: Religion, Economy, and Urbanism in Late Antique North Africa

Anna Leone

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199570928
eISBN:
9780191752292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570928.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, Ancient Religions

This book focuses primarily on the end of the pagan religious tradition and the dismantling of its material form in North Africa (modern Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya) from the fourth to the sixth ... More


The Economy of Favours

Laurens E. Tacoma

in Roman Political Culture: Seven Studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198850809
eISBN:
9780191885679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850809.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the fifth characteristic of Roman political culture; the fact that competition for honour between cities became locked in expectations about the mutual behaviour of its ... More


Imperial Women of Rome: Power, Gender, Context

Mary T. Boatwright

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780190455897
eISBN:
9780190455910
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455897.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This book explores the constraints and opportunities of the women in the Roman emperor’s family from 35 BCE, when Octavia and Livia received unprecedented privileges from the state, to 235 CE, when ... More


Theomachy in Historical Epic: Disenchantment and Remystification in Lucan's Bellum Civile

Pramit Chaudhuri

in The War with God: Theomachy in Roman Imperial Poetry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199993383
eISBN:
9780190204990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199993383.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In Lucan’s Bellum Civile, the absence of the gods removes the possibility of any conventional scene of theomachy. Yet the removal of the gods goes hand in hand with the proliferation of figures who ... More


Sacrifice as One

Mira Balberg

in Blood for Thought: The Reinvention of Sacrifice in Early Rabbinic Literature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520295926
eISBN:
9780520968660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295926.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the rabbinic construction of a taxonomy of “congregational offerings” as opposed to “individual offerings,” and the rabbis’ use of this taxonomy to create a clear sacrificial ... More


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