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The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Christopher Dye

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Despite decades of developments in immunization and drug therapy, tuberculosis remains one of the leading causes of human mortality, and no country has successfully eradicated the disease. ... More


The Politics of Vaccination: A Global History

Christine Holmberg, Stuart Blume, and Paul Greenough (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526110886
eISBN:
9781526124272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526110886.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In this book scholars from across the globe investigate changes in ‘society’ and ‘nation’ over time through the lens of immunisation. Such an analysis unmasks the idea of vaccination as a simple ... More


Public Health: An action guide to improving health

John Walley and John Wright (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Many of the health problems in the developing world can be tackled or prevented through public health measures such as essential health care, improved living conditions, water, sanitation, nutrition, ... More


Maternal, neonatal, and child health

John Walley and Nancy Gerein

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the following topics: the burden of disease, historical development of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) services; the MNCH package of interventions, the integrated ... More


Immunology, Self and Nonself

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter investigates the different definitions of immunology, in particular the dominant definition stating that immunology is the discipline that studies the defense of organisms against ... More


Risk Communication in the British Pertussis and MMR Vaccine Controversies

Rachel Casiday

in Risk Communication and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562848
eISBN:
9780191722523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562848.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines and compares two vaccination controversies from recent decades: the safety of whole-cell pertussis vaccine in the 1970s and 1980s, and the more recent controversy about the ... More


Economic evaluation of childhood vaccines

Damian G. Walker, Philippe Beutels, and Raymond Hutubessy

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.11
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The last twenty years have seen an explosion in the number of new vaccines for children. This chapter identifies and discusses the factors that influence the cost-effectiveness of childhood vaccines, ... More


Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Michael Dwyer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is the first comprehensive history of the anti-diphtheria campaign and the factors which facilitated or hindered the rollout of the national childhood immunization programme in Ireland. It ... More


Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

John W. Ward and Christian Warren (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Americans' health improved dramatically over the 20th century. Public health programs for disease and injury prevention were responsible for much of this advance. Over the century, America's public ... More


Measles

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There was no question of avoiding measles; it is one of the most infectious diseases known to man; a disease from which almost everyone will suffer, unless protected by immunization. Its ubiquity and ... More


Vaccination Mandates: The Public Health Imperative and Individual Rights

Kevin M. Malone and Alan R. Hinman

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the impact of vaccines in dramatically reducing infectious diseases in the United States, the role of legally mandated vaccination in achieving and sustaining that impact, and ... More


The Whole Is Greater:How Polio Was Eradicated from the Western Hemisphere

Ciro A. de Quadros

in The Practice of International Health: A Case-Based Orientation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195310276
eISBN:
9780199865369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310276.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes an account of experiences in immunization programs around the world. It talks about an involvement campaign to eradicate smallpox. It also describes the challenges faced by the ... More


Control of Infectious Diseases: A Twentieth-Century Public Health Achievement

Alexandra M. Levitt, D. Peter Drotman, and Stephen Ostroff

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The marked decline in infectious-disease-associated mortality that took place in the United States during the first half of the 20th century contributed to the sharp drop in infant and child ... More


A Shot at Protection: Immunizations Against Infectious Disease

Alan R. Hinman and Walter A. Orenstein

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Edward Jenner, an 18th century English physician, observed that milkmaids who had recovered from cowpox, did not have the facial scars of smallpox. In 1796, he demonstrated that inoculation of a ... More


Trust in Vaccines

MARIE C. McCORMICK

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Improvements in immunizations have been perceived as one of the greatest medical advances. However, recently, there has been increasing mistrust of the effects of vaccines on children. This chapter ... More


The Predictive Power of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theism can be a theory or existential hypothesis to be confirmed by empirical evidence only if it has some predictive power. Theists should (and do) prefer a purely logical definition of predictive ... More


Anthropological and Public Health Perspectives on the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in Northern Nigeria

Elisha P. Renne

in Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374643
eISBN:
9780199865390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In 1988, the World Health Assembly voted to eradicate poliomyelitis by 2000. While cases of wild poliovirus worldwide have declined considerably, cases continue to be reported, mainly in India, ... More


Immunization Practices for the Field Epidemiologist

Harry F. Hull

in Field Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195313802
eISBN:
9780199863952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313802.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses immunization practices for field epidemiologists. Topics covered include vaccination, immunization programs, routine surveillance, outbreak investigation and control, and the ... More


Biological Hazards at Work

Gregory Chan, Chung Tsing, and David Koh

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Biological hazards include bacteria, viruses, and parasites and other organisms for which exposure can cause occupational disease, usually infections. Such organisms are called pathogens. Other ... More


Travel health

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

in Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the role of pharmacists in promotion health for travellers. An increasing number of pharmacy customers are travelling to remote parts of the world for both pleasure and ... More


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